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Title: Assessment of left ventricular and aortic valve function after aortic balloon valvuloplasty in adult patients with critical aortic stenosis

Abstract

Preliminary reports have documented the utility of balloon aortic valvuloplasty as a palliative treatment for high-risk patients with critical aortic stenosis, but the effect of this procedure on cardiac performance has not been studied in detail. Accordingly, 32 patients (mean age 79 years) with long-standing, calcific aortic stenosis were treated at the time of cardiac catheterization with balloon dilatation of the aortic valve, and serial changes in left ventricular and valvular function were followed before and after valvuloplasty by radionuclide ventriculography, determination of systolic time intervals, and Doppler echocardiography. Prevalvuloplasty examination revealed heavily calcified aortic valves in all patients, a mean peak-to-peak aortic valve gradient of 77 +/- 27 mm Hg, a mean Fick cardiac output of 4.6 +/- 1.4 liters/min, and a mean calculated aortic valve area of 0.6 +/- 0.2 cm2. Subsequent balloon dilatation with 12 to 23 mm valvuloplasty balloons resulted in a fall in aortic valve gradient to 39 +/- 15 mm Hg, an increase in cardiac output to 5.2 +/- 1.8 liters/min, and an increase in calculated aortic valve area to 0.9 +/- 0.3 cm2. Individual hemodynamic responses varied considerably, with some patients showing major increases in valve area, while others demonstrated only small increases.more » In no case was balloon dilatation accompanied by evidence of embolic phenomena. Supravalvular aortography obtained in 13 patients demonstrated no or a mild increase in aortic insufficiency. Serial radionuclide ventriculography in patients with a depressed left ventricular ejection fraction revealed a small increase in ejection fraction from 40 +/- 13% to 46 +/- 12%.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Charles A. Dana Research Institute, Boston, MA
OSTI Identifier:
6761738
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6761738
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Circulation; (United States); Journal Volume: 1
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; AORTA; DYNAMIC FUNCTION STUDIES; CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES; DIAGNOSIS; HEART; BLOOD CIRCULATION; ADULTS; AGED ADULTS; CALCINOSIS; PATIENTS; RADIOISOTOPE SCANNING; RADIOISOTOPES; SURGERY; THERAPY; ULTRASONOGRAPHY; AGE GROUPS; ARTERIES; BLOOD VESSELS; BODY; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; COUNTING TECHNIQUES; DISEASES; ISOTOPES; MEDICINE; ORGANS; PATHOLOGICAL CHANGES 550601* -- Medicine-- Unsealed Radionuclides in Diagnostics; 550600 -- Medicine

Citation Formats

McKay, R.G., Safian, R.D., Lock, J.E., Diver, D.J., Berman, A.D., Warren, S.E., Come, P.C., Baim, D.S., Mandell, V.E., and Royal, H.D.. Assessment of left ventricular and aortic valve function after aortic balloon valvuloplasty in adult patients with critical aortic stenosis. United States: N. p., 1987. Web. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.75.1.192.
McKay, R.G., Safian, R.D., Lock, J.E., Diver, D.J., Berman, A.D., Warren, S.E., Come, P.C., Baim, D.S., Mandell, V.E., & Royal, H.D.. Assessment of left ventricular and aortic valve function after aortic balloon valvuloplasty in adult patients with critical aortic stenosis. United States. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.75.1.192.
McKay, R.G., Safian, R.D., Lock, J.E., Diver, D.J., Berman, A.D., Warren, S.E., Come, P.C., Baim, D.S., Mandell, V.E., and Royal, H.D.. Thu . "Assessment of left ventricular and aortic valve function after aortic balloon valvuloplasty in adult patients with critical aortic stenosis". United States. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.75.1.192.
@article{osti_6761738,
title = {Assessment of left ventricular and aortic valve function after aortic balloon valvuloplasty in adult patients with critical aortic stenosis},
author = {McKay, R.G. and Safian, R.D. and Lock, J.E. and Diver, D.J. and Berman, A.D. and Warren, S.E. and Come, P.C. and Baim, D.S. and Mandell, V.E. and Royal, H.D.},
abstractNote = {Preliminary reports have documented the utility of balloon aortic valvuloplasty as a palliative treatment for high-risk patients with critical aortic stenosis, but the effect of this procedure on cardiac performance has not been studied in detail. Accordingly, 32 patients (mean age 79 years) with long-standing, calcific aortic stenosis were treated at the time of cardiac catheterization with balloon dilatation of the aortic valve, and serial changes in left ventricular and valvular function were followed before and after valvuloplasty by radionuclide ventriculography, determination of systolic time intervals, and Doppler echocardiography. Prevalvuloplasty examination revealed heavily calcified aortic valves in all patients, a mean peak-to-peak aortic valve gradient of 77 +/- 27 mm Hg, a mean Fick cardiac output of 4.6 +/- 1.4 liters/min, and a mean calculated aortic valve area of 0.6 +/- 0.2 cm2. Subsequent balloon dilatation with 12 to 23 mm valvuloplasty balloons resulted in a fall in aortic valve gradient to 39 +/- 15 mm Hg, an increase in cardiac output to 5.2 +/- 1.8 liters/min, and an increase in calculated aortic valve area to 0.9 +/- 0.3 cm2. Individual hemodynamic responses varied considerably, with some patients showing major increases in valve area, while others demonstrated only small increases. In no case was balloon dilatation accompanied by evidence of embolic phenomena. Supravalvular aortography obtained in 13 patients demonstrated no or a mild increase in aortic insufficiency. Serial radionuclide ventriculography in patients with a depressed left ventricular ejection fraction revealed a small increase in ejection fraction from 40 +/- 13% to 46 +/- 12%.},
doi = {10.1161/01.CIR.75.1.192},
journal = {Circulation; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 1,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1987},
month = {Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1987}
}