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Title: SOLERAS - Solar-Powered Water Desalination Project at Yanbu: PKI collectors performance

Abstract

The seawater desalination pilot plant at Yanbu in Saudi Arabia is a unique experiment in which an indirect bulk freeze desalination process is integrated with a stand-alone solar cogeneration power plant. Thermal energy is stored in molten salt and is converted into shaft power required for primary refrigeration by a conventional steam engine. An absorption refrigeration unit is thermally driven by the exhaust steam of the engine to produce additional refrigeration. Crystallization of water molecules from the brine into essentially pure water ice is accomplished by the freeze desalination process, which employs indirect heat transfer technique. Solar energy concentrated by the dish collector is transferred to a silicone polymer low-viscosity liquid circulated through the receiver, which is a monotube cavity mounted at the concentrator focal area in a stainless steel encased housing. A flux trap mounted at the mouth of the cavity receiver deflects stray radiation into the cavity. This document concerns itself with the solar collector and the solar collector field subsystem and presents the results of scientific investigations during the past 18 months since the plant installation. 13 refs., 206 figs.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Midwest Research Inst., Kansas City, MO (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6723561
Report Number(s):
MRI/SOL-2001
ON: DE89003221
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-83CH10093
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Portions of this document are illegible in microfiche products
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; SOLAR COLLECTORS; PERFORMANCE; SOLAR ENERGY; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; AGRICULTURE; COST; DESALINATION; DESIGN; ELECTRIC POWER; FREEZING OUT; HEAT EXCHANGERS; HEAT TRANSFER; IRRIGATION; MAINTENANCE; PHOTOVOLTAIC CONVERSION; SAUDI ARABIA; SOLAR COOLING SYSTEMS; SOLAR HEATING; SOLAR THERMAL CONVERSION; STEAM GENERATION; TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER; THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE EQUIPMENT; USA; ASIA; CONVERSION; DEMINERALIZATION; DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; ENERGY; ENERGY CONVERSION; ENERGY SOURCES; ENERGY TRANSFER; EQUIPMENT; HEATING; INDUSTRY; NORTH AMERICA; POWER; RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES; SEPARATION PROCESSES; SOLAR ENERGY CONVERSION; SOLAR EQUIPMENT; 140900* - Solar Thermal Utilization; 141000 - Solar Collectors & Concentrators; 142000 - Solar Energy- Heat Storage- (1980-); 140501 - Solar Energy Conversion- Photovoltaic Conversion

Citation Formats

Hamad, G. SOLERAS - Solar-Powered Water Desalination Project at Yanbu: PKI collectors performance. United States: N. p., 1987. Web.
Hamad, G. SOLERAS - Solar-Powered Water Desalination Project at Yanbu: PKI collectors performance. United States.
Hamad, G. Wed . "SOLERAS - Solar-Powered Water Desalination Project at Yanbu: PKI collectors performance". United States.
@article{osti_6723561,
title = {SOLERAS - Solar-Powered Water Desalination Project at Yanbu: PKI collectors performance},
author = {Hamad, G},
abstractNote = {The seawater desalination pilot plant at Yanbu in Saudi Arabia is a unique experiment in which an indirect bulk freeze desalination process is integrated with a stand-alone solar cogeneration power plant. Thermal energy is stored in molten salt and is converted into shaft power required for primary refrigeration by a conventional steam engine. An absorption refrigeration unit is thermally driven by the exhaust steam of the engine to produce additional refrigeration. Crystallization of water molecules from the brine into essentially pure water ice is accomplished by the freeze desalination process, which employs indirect heat transfer technique. Solar energy concentrated by the dish collector is transferred to a silicone polymer low-viscosity liquid circulated through the receiver, which is a monotube cavity mounted at the concentrator focal area in a stainless steel encased housing. A flux trap mounted at the mouth of the cavity receiver deflects stray radiation into the cavity. This document concerns itself with the solar collector and the solar collector field subsystem and presents the results of scientific investigations during the past 18 months since the plant installation. 13 refs., 206 figs.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1987},
month = {4}
}

Technical Report:
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