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Title: Pulmonary and gastrointestinal exposure to cadmium oxide dust in a battery factory

Abstract

The elimination of cadmium in feces was studied in a group of 15 male workers exposed to cadmium oxide dust in a nickel-cadmium battery factory. The elimination of cadmium in feces was on the average 619 and 268 microgram/day in seven smokers and eight nonsmokers, respectively. The cadmium concentrations in blood were significantly higher in smokers than in nonsmokers, both before and after one month of vacation. Among the smokers there was a significant decrease in the cadmium concentrations during the vacation period, but not among the nonsmokers. It was estimated that cadmium naturally occurring in food and cigarettes, cadmium excreted from the gastrointestinal tract, and cadmium transported from the lungs by mucocillary clearance to the gastrointestinal tract only could explain up to 100 microgram of the cadmium in the feces.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Karolinska Inst., Stockholm, Sweden
OSTI Identifier:
6683312
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6683312
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Environ. Health Perspect.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 28
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; CADMIUM; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; SIDE EFFECTS; BLOOD; CADMIUM OXIDES; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DUSTS; FECES; GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT; LUNGS; MEN; NICKEL-CADMIUM BATTERIES; PERSONNEL; TOBACCO SMOKES; AEROSOLS; ANIMALS; BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS; BIOLOGICAL WASTES; BODY; BODY FLUIDS; CADMIUM COMPOUNDS; CHALCOGENIDES; COLLOIDS; DIGESTIVE SYSTEM; DISPERSIONS; ELECTRIC BATTERIES; ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS; ELEMENTS; MALES; MAMMALS; MAN; MATERIALS; METAL-METAL OXIDE BATTERIES; METALS; ORGANS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PRIMATES; RESIDUES; RESPIRATORY SYSTEM; SMOKES; SOLS; VERTEBRATES; WASTES 560306* -- Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology-- Man-- (-1987)

Citation Formats

Adamsson, E., Piscator, M., and Nogawa, K. Pulmonary and gastrointestinal exposure to cadmium oxide dust in a battery factory. United States: N. p., 1979. Web. doi:10.1289/ehp.7928219.
Adamsson, E., Piscator, M., & Nogawa, K. Pulmonary and gastrointestinal exposure to cadmium oxide dust in a battery factory. United States. doi:10.1289/ehp.7928219.
Adamsson, E., Piscator, M., and Nogawa, K. Thu . "Pulmonary and gastrointestinal exposure to cadmium oxide dust in a battery factory". United States. doi:10.1289/ehp.7928219.
@article{osti_6683312,
title = {Pulmonary and gastrointestinal exposure to cadmium oxide dust in a battery factory},
author = {Adamsson, E. and Piscator, M. and Nogawa, K.},
abstractNote = {The elimination of cadmium in feces was studied in a group of 15 male workers exposed to cadmium oxide dust in a nickel-cadmium battery factory. The elimination of cadmium in feces was on the average 619 and 268 microgram/day in seven smokers and eight nonsmokers, respectively. The cadmium concentrations in blood were significantly higher in smokers than in nonsmokers, both before and after one month of vacation. Among the smokers there was a significant decrease in the cadmium concentrations during the vacation period, but not among the nonsmokers. It was estimated that cadmium naturally occurring in food and cigarettes, cadmium excreted from the gastrointestinal tract, and cadmium transported from the lungs by mucocillary clearance to the gastrointestinal tract only could explain up to 100 microgram of the cadmium in the feces.},
doi = {10.1289/ehp.7928219},
journal = {Environ. Health Perspect.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 28,
place = {United States},
year = {1979},
month = {2}
}