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Title: SOLERAS - Solar-Powered Water Desalination Project at Yanbu: Solar-collector field experimental tests

Abstract

The solar-collection field subsystem of the solar-powered desalination pilot project located at Yanbu in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has been operated successfully for two years. It has been demonstrated that during a one-year period, the solar-collector field can, on the average, provide about 2500 kWh of thermal energy a day for days with a daily insolation total greater than 4000 Wh/m/sup 2/. This is a yearlong solar-collector field average efficiency of 22.5%. In Yanbu, from October 1, 1985, until September 30, 1986, there were only 21 days (5.8%) when the daily direct-normal insolation was less than the mid-60% to 70% range with a peak output of 51 kW per solar collector. It has also been demonstrated that the Power Kinetics, Inc., square-dish solar collector has a problem due to the fixed aperture (outboard focus) that seriously hurts the performance of the solar collector during the summer months at this latitude. A location at latitudes greater than +-35/degree/ would see greatly improved daylong summer performance. 4 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Midwest Research Inst., Kansas City, MO (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6674508
Report Number(s):
MRI/SOL-0413
ON: DE89003225
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-83CH10093
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Portions of this document are illegible in microfiche products
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; DESALINATION; SOLAR COLLECTORS; TESTING; SOLAR ENERGY; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; AGRICULTURE; COST; DESIGN; ELECTRIC POWER; FREEZING OUT; HEAT EXCHANGERS; HEAT TRANSFER; IRRIGATION; MAINTENANCE; PHOTOVOLTAIC CONVERSION; SAUDI ARABIA; SOLAR COOLING SYSTEMS; SOLAR HEATING; SOLAR THERMAL CONVERSION; STEAM GENERATION; TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER; THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE EQUIPMENT; USA; ASIA; CONVERSION; DEMINERALIZATION; DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; ENERGY; ENERGY CONVERSION; ENERGY SOURCES; ENERGY TRANSFER; EQUIPMENT; HEATING; INDUSTRY; NORTH AMERICA; POWER; RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES; SEPARATION PROCESSES; SOLAR ENERGY CONVERSION; SOLAR EQUIPMENT; 140900* - Solar Thermal Utilization; 141000 - Solar Collectors & Concentrators; 142000 - Solar Energy- Heat Storage- (1980-); 140501 - Solar Energy Conversion- Photovoltaic Conversion

Citation Formats

Zimmerman, J C, and Al-Abbadi, N. SOLERAS - Solar-Powered Water Desalination Project at Yanbu: Solar-collector field experimental tests. United States: N. p., 1987. Web.
Zimmerman, J C, & Al-Abbadi, N. SOLERAS - Solar-Powered Water Desalination Project at Yanbu: Solar-collector field experimental tests. United States.
Zimmerman, J C, and Al-Abbadi, N. Mon . "SOLERAS - Solar-Powered Water Desalination Project at Yanbu: Solar-collector field experimental tests". United States.
@article{osti_6674508,
title = {SOLERAS - Solar-Powered Water Desalination Project at Yanbu: Solar-collector field experimental tests},
author = {Zimmerman, J C and Al-Abbadi, N},
abstractNote = {The solar-collection field subsystem of the solar-powered desalination pilot project located at Yanbu in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has been operated successfully for two years. It has been demonstrated that during a one-year period, the solar-collector field can, on the average, provide about 2500 kWh of thermal energy a day for days with a daily insolation total greater than 4000 Wh/m/sup 2/. This is a yearlong solar-collector field average efficiency of 22.5%. In Yanbu, from October 1, 1985, until September 30, 1986, there were only 21 days (5.8%) when the daily direct-normal insolation was less than the mid-60% to 70% range with a peak output of 51 kW per solar collector. It has also been demonstrated that the Power Kinetics, Inc., square-dish solar collector has a problem due to the fixed aperture (outboard focus) that seriously hurts the performance of the solar collector during the summer months at this latitude. A location at latitudes greater than +-35/degree/ would see greatly improved daylong summer performance. 4 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1987},
month = {6}
}

Technical Report:
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