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Title: Cadmium from soil amended with sewage sludge: effects and residues in swine

Abstract

Liquid digested sewage sludge from a Chicago waste treatment plant was applied to experimental corn plots starting in 1968. Corn grain harvested from the plots in 1974 was fed to growing swine for 56 days, and other swine were permitted to forage on the plots during the winters of 1975 to 1976 and 1976 to 1977. The sludge-fertilized corn contained higher concentrations of nutrient and toxic elements, but did not interfere with swine performance. Minor changes in hepatic microsomal oxidases and red blood cells accompanied significant increases in renal Cd and decreases in hepatic Fe. At lower rates of sludge application the swine outperformed those foraging both on control plots and those receiving heavy sludge applications in terms of weight gain, in-utero piglet survival, blood hemoglobin, and tissue Fe concentrations.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Illinois, Urbana
OSTI Identifier:
6637881
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6637881
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Environ. Health Perspect.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 28
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; CADMIUM; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; SEWAGE SLUDGE; CHICAGO; ERYTHROCYTES; HEMOGLOBIN; IRON; MAIZE; MICROSOMES; OXIDOREDUCTASES; QUANTITY RATIO; SIDE EFFECTS; SOILS; SWINE; ANIMALS; BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS; BLOOD; BLOOD CELLS; BODY FLUIDS; CARBOXYLIC ACIDS; CELL CONSTITUENTS; CEREALS; DOMESTIC ANIMALS; ELEMENTS; ENZYMES; GLOBIN; GRAMINEAE; GRASS; GREAT LAKES REGION; HETEROCYCLIC ACIDS; HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS; ILLINOIS; MAMMALS; MATERIALS; METALS; NORTH AMERICA; ORGANIC ACIDS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; ORGANOIDS; PIGMENTS; PLANTS; PORPHYRINS; PROTEINS; SEWAGE; TRANSITION ELEMENTS; USA; VERTEBRATES; WASTES 560305* -- Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology-- Vertebrates-- (-1987)

Citation Formats

Hansen, L.G., and Hinesly, T.D. Cadmium from soil amended with sewage sludge: effects and residues in swine. United States: N. p., 1979. Web. doi:10.1289/ehp.792851.
Hansen, L.G., & Hinesly, T.D. Cadmium from soil amended with sewage sludge: effects and residues in swine. United States. doi:10.1289/ehp.792851.
Hansen, L.G., and Hinesly, T.D. Thu . "Cadmium from soil amended with sewage sludge: effects and residues in swine". United States. doi:10.1289/ehp.792851.
@article{osti_6637881,
title = {Cadmium from soil amended with sewage sludge: effects and residues in swine},
author = {Hansen, L.G. and Hinesly, T.D.},
abstractNote = {Liquid digested sewage sludge from a Chicago waste treatment plant was applied to experimental corn plots starting in 1968. Corn grain harvested from the plots in 1974 was fed to growing swine for 56 days, and other swine were permitted to forage on the plots during the winters of 1975 to 1976 and 1976 to 1977. The sludge-fertilized corn contained higher concentrations of nutrient and toxic elements, but did not interfere with swine performance. Minor changes in hepatic microsomal oxidases and red blood cells accompanied significant increases in renal Cd and decreases in hepatic Fe. At lower rates of sludge application the swine outperformed those foraging both on control plots and those receiving heavy sludge applications in terms of weight gain, in-utero piglet survival, blood hemoglobin, and tissue Fe concentrations.},
doi = {10.1289/ehp.792851},
journal = {Environ. Health Perspect.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 28,
place = {United States},
year = {1979},
month = {2}
}