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Title: Ionospheric effects of rocket exhaust products: Skylab and HEAO-C

Abstract

This paper is about ionospheric F-layer depletions produced by chemical reactions with exhaust gases from large rockets. It describes a 2-dimensional computer model of the ionosphere, and it compares model results with experimental data on the structure and variability of the natural ionosphere, as well as data on ionospheric holes produced by the launches of Skylab (May, 1973) and HEAO-C (September, 1979). It also describes measurements made in conjunction with the HEAO-C launch. The computer model includes an approximate representation of thermospheric tidal winds and E fields in addition to vertical motions associated with diurnal changes in temperature. The computed ionospheric structure is sensitive to all the above. For a small number of cases, results are compared of computations of the normal diurnal variations of ionospheric structure with incoherent scatter and total electron content data. Computations of ionospheric depletions from the Skylab and HEAO-C launches are in satisfactory agreement with the observations. The winds appear to be essential for interpretation of the Skylab results.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6635813
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6635813
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-81-656; CONF-810421-1
TRN: 81-005078
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Ionospheric effects symposium, Alexandria, VA, USA, 14 Apr 1981
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; EXHAUST GASES; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; ROCKETS; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; F REGION; IONOSPHERE; SPACE VEHICLES; THEORETICAL DATA; TWO-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; DATA; EARTH ATMOSPHERE; FLUIDS; GASEOUS WASTES; GASES; INFORMATION; NUMERICAL DATA; PLANETARY IONOSPHERES; SIMULATION; VEHICLES; WASTES 640201* -- Atmospheric Physics-- Auroral, Ionospheric, & Magetospheric Phenomena

Citation Formats

Zinn, J., Sutherland, C.D., Duncan, L.M., and Stone, S.N. Ionospheric effects of rocket exhaust products: Skylab and HEAO-C. United States: N. p., 1981. Web.
Zinn, J., Sutherland, C.D., Duncan, L.M., & Stone, S.N. Ionospheric effects of rocket exhaust products: Skylab and HEAO-C. United States.
Zinn, J., Sutherland, C.D., Duncan, L.M., and Stone, S.N. Thu . "Ionospheric effects of rocket exhaust products: Skylab and HEAO-C". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6635813.
@article{osti_6635813,
title = {Ionospheric effects of rocket exhaust products: Skylab and HEAO-C},
author = {Zinn, J. and Sutherland, C.D. and Duncan, L.M. and Stone, S.N.},
abstractNote = {This paper is about ionospheric F-layer depletions produced by chemical reactions with exhaust gases from large rockets. It describes a 2-dimensional computer model of the ionosphere, and it compares model results with experimental data on the structure and variability of the natural ionosphere, as well as data on ionospheric holes produced by the launches of Skylab (May, 1973) and HEAO-C (September, 1979). It also describes measurements made in conjunction with the HEAO-C launch. The computer model includes an approximate representation of thermospheric tidal winds and E fields in addition to vertical motions associated with diurnal changes in temperature. The computed ionospheric structure is sensitive to all the above. For a small number of cases, results are compared of computations of the normal diurnal variations of ionospheric structure with incoherent scatter and total electron content data. Computations of ionospheric depletions from the Skylab and HEAO-C launches are in satisfactory agreement with the observations. The winds appear to be essential for interpretation of the Skylab results.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1981},
month = {1}
}

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