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Title: Seabird-oil spill behavior study. Volume 2. Technical report. Final report

Abstract

This volume provides a technical discussion of a two year (1980-1982) study on the behavior of seabirds encountering oil-contaminated water. An information survey, undertaken in this study, indicated that out of nearly 300 references to seabird/oil research only 12 articles addressed the topic of seabird behavior in the presence of oil. Available evidence does, however, indicate that seabirds avoid or try to avoid making contract with petroleum oil. Field observations and experiments conducted in the study areas of natural oil seeps in the Santa Barbara Channel, California, revealed that (1) abundance of seabirds in the study area was relatively low when compared to that in oil-free areas of the Channel; (2) the age and/or the residency status of Brown Pelicans (Pelecanus occidentalis), Western Gulls (Larus occidentalis) and Heerman's Gulls (Larus heermanni) were related to the frequency of interaction of these birds with oil.

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Nero and Associates, Inc., Portland, OR (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6635723
Report Number(s):
PB-84-179548
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: See also Volume 1, PB84-179530 and Volume 3, PB84-179555
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; BIRDS; BEHAVIOR; OIL SPILLS; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; ABUNDANCE; CALIFORNIA; SURVEYS; TOXICITY; ANIMALS; FEDERAL REGION IX; NORTH AMERICA; USA; VERTEBRATES 020900* -- Petroleum-- Environmental Aspects; 520200 -- Environment, Aquatic-- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport-- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Varoujean, D.H., Baltz, D.M., Allen, B., Power, D., and Schroeder, D.A. Seabird-oil spill behavior study. Volume 2. Technical report. Final report. United States: N. p., 1983. Web.
Varoujean, D.H., Baltz, D.M., Allen, B., Power, D., & Schroeder, D.A. Seabird-oil spill behavior study. Volume 2. Technical report. Final report. United States.
Varoujean, D.H., Baltz, D.M., Allen, B., Power, D., and Schroeder, D.A. 1983. "Seabird-oil spill behavior study. Volume 2. Technical report. Final report". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_6635723,
title = {Seabird-oil spill behavior study. Volume 2. Technical report. Final report},
author = {Varoujean, D.H. and Baltz, D.M. and Allen, B. and Power, D. and Schroeder, D.A.},
abstractNote = {This volume provides a technical discussion of a two year (1980-1982) study on the behavior of seabirds encountering oil-contaminated water. An information survey, undertaken in this study, indicated that out of nearly 300 references to seabird/oil research only 12 articles addressed the topic of seabird behavior in the presence of oil. Available evidence does, however, indicate that seabirds avoid or try to avoid making contract with petroleum oil. Field observations and experiments conducted in the study areas of natural oil seeps in the Santa Barbara Channel, California, revealed that (1) abundance of seabirds in the study area was relatively low when compared to that in oil-free areas of the Channel; (2) the age and/or the residency status of Brown Pelicans (Pelecanus occidentalis), Western Gulls (Larus occidentalis) and Heerman's Gulls (Larus heermanni) were related to the frequency of interaction of these birds with oil.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 1983,
month = 4
}

Technical Report:
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  • This volume contains a summary of findings of a two year (1980-1982) study on the behavior of seabirds encountering oil-contaminated water. An information survey, undertaken in the study, indicated that out of nearly 300 references to seabird/oil research only 12 articles addressed the topic of seabird behavior in the presence of oil. Available evidence does, however, indicate that seabirds avoid or try to avoid making contact with petroleum oil. Field observations and experiments conducted in the study areas of natural oil seeps in the Santa Barbara Channel California, revealed that: (1) abundance of seabirds in the study area was relativelymore » low when compared to that in oil-free areas of the Channel; (2) the age and/or the residency status of Brown Pelicans (Pelecanus occidentalis), Western Gulls (Larus occidentalis) and Heermann's Gulls (Larus heermanni) were related to the frequency of interaction of these birds with oil.« less
  • The appendices presented in this volume contain information gathered during a two year (1980-1982) study on the behavior of seabirds encountering oil-contaminated water. Appendix A is the annotated bibliography developed for the project. The remaining appendices contain the data base compiled during the study.
  • The Pacific Seabird Group implemented a workshop designed to provide recommendations on restoration options for seabirds injured by EVOS (Exxon Valdez Oil Spill). The workshop produced criteria to be used to determine if the population effects resulting from a spill are a concern, and to establish a priority list for restoration activities. Specific operational goals for restoration activities were recorded.
  • This studies comprise three elements designed to augment MMS' ability to predict impacts to nesting seabirds that might result from exploration and production of oil and gas on the California Outer Continental Shelf. The first element consisted of a synthesis of existing literature and an analysis of several unpublished sources of information on the feeding ecology of ten seabird species whose aggregate nesting populations at Castle Rock, the Farallon Islands, or the Channel Islands exceeded 2,000 individuals. Analyses of satellite images of ocean surface temperature and color to determine recurrence, persistence, and other aspects of coastal upwelling formed the secondmore » element. Based on these studies, the third element, a field study of feeding ecology of Common Murres and Cassin's Auklets in central California, was conducted in 1985. The present volume brings together the findings of the first and third elements, while the companion volume presents results of studies of satellite imagery.« less