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Title: Fusion-breeder program

Abstract

The various approaches to a combined fusion-fission reactor for the purpose of breeding /sup 239/Pu and /sup 233/U are described. Design aspects and cost estimates for fuel production and electricity generation are discussed. (MOW)

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6629486
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6629486; Legacy ID: DE83004168
Report Number(s):
UCID-19601
ON: DE83004168
DOE Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; HYBRID REACTORS; COST; ECONOMICS; BREEDING; DESIGN; FEASIBILITY STUDIES; MAGNETIC MIRROR TYPE REACTORS; NUCLEAR FUELS; POWER GENERATION; TOKAMAK TYPE REACTORS; ENERGY SOURCES; FUELS; MATERIALS; NUCLEAR FUEL CONVERSION; REACTOR MATERIALS; THERMONUCLEAR REACTORS 700200* -- Fusion Energy-- Fusion Power Plant Technology

Citation Formats

Moir, R.W.. Fusion-breeder program. United States: N. p., 1982. Web. doi:10.2172/6629486.
Moir, R.W.. Fusion-breeder program. United States. doi:10.2172/6629486.
Moir, R.W.. Fri . "Fusion-breeder program". United States. doi:10.2172/6629486. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6629486.
@article{osti_6629486,
title = {Fusion-breeder program},
author = {Moir, R.W.},
abstractNote = {The various approaches to a combined fusion-fission reactor for the purpose of breeding /sup 239/Pu and /sup 233/U are described. Design aspects and cost estimates for fuel production and electricity generation are discussed. (MOW)},
doi = {10.2172/6629486},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Nov 19 00:00:00 EST 1982},
month = {Fri Nov 19 00:00:00 EST 1982}
}

Technical Report:

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  • This report is an assessment of technology related to hybrid reactors, especially the Fission-suppressed hybrid. A description of a typical fission-suppressed reactor is given. The economic advantages of the use of a hybrid reactor as part of a fuel cycle center are discussed at length. The inherent safety advantages of the hybrid reactor are analyzed. The report concludes with a proposed timetable for research and development. (JDH)
  • This interim report for the FY82 Fusion Breeder Program covers work performed during the scoping phase of the study, December, 1981-February 1982. The goals for the FY82 study are the identification and development of a reference blanket concept using the fission suppression concept and the definition of a development plan to further the fusion breeder application. The context of the study is the tandem mirror reactor, but emphasis is placed upon blanket engineering. A tokamak driver and blanket concept will be selected and studied in more detail during FY83.
  • The purpose of the Department of Energy Water Cooled Breeder Program was to demonstrate pratical breeding in a uranium-233/thorium fueled core while producing electrical energy in a commercial water reactor generating station. A demonstration Light Water Breeder Reactor (LWBR) was successfully operated for more than 29,000 effective full power hours in the Shippingport Atomic Power Station. The reactor operated with an availability factor of 76% and had a gross electrical output of 2,128,943,470 kilowatt hours. Following operation, the expended core was examined and no evidence of any fuel element defects was found. Nondestructive assay of 524 fuel rods determined thatmore » 1.39 percent more fissile fuel was present at the end of core life than at the beginning, proving that breeding had occurred. This demonstrates the existence of a vast source of electrical energy using plentiful domestic thorium potentially capable of supplying the entire national need for many centuries. To build on the successful design and operation of the Shippingport Breeder Core and to provide the technology to implement this concept, several reactor designs of large breeders and prebreeders were developed for commercial-sized plants of 900--1000 Mw(e) net. This report summarizes the Water Cooled Breeder Program from its inception in 1965 to its completion in 1987. Four hundred thirty-six technical reports are referenced which document the work conducted as part of this program. This work demonstrated that the Light Water Breeder Reactor is a viable alternative as a PWR replacement in the next generation of nuclear reactors. This transition would only require a minimum of change in design and fabrication of the reactor and operation of the plant.« less
  • This report describes a microcomputer-based, single-project financial analysis program: BREEDER. BREEDER is a user-friendly model designed to facilitate frequent and rapid analyses of the financial implications associated with alternative design and financing strategies for electric generating plants and large-scale prototype breeder (LSPB) reactors in particular. The model has proved to be a useful tool in establishing cost goals for LSPB reactors. The program is available on floppy disks for use on an IBM personal computer (or IBM look-a-like) running under PC-DOS or a Kaypro II transportable computer running under CP/M (and many other CP/M machines). The report documents version 1.5more » of BREEDER and contains a user's guide. The report also includes a general overview of BREEDER, a summary of hardware requirements, a definition of all required program inputs, a description of all algorithms used in performing the construction-period and operation-period analyses, and a summary of all available reports. The appendixes contain a complete source-code listing, a cross-reference table, a sample interactive session, several sample runs, and additional documentation of the net-equity program option.« less
  • This report contains an introduction and 8 separately abstracted articles about the Fusion Program at General Atomic Company, San Diego, CA, which is supported by the US Department of Energy. Progress during FY 1978 is reviewed, which includes the completion of the Doublet-3 tokamak, lower hybrid heating experiments on Doublet-2A, impurity control on ISX, and various theoretical and technological developments.