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Title: Toxicity of ferro- and ferricyanide solutions to fish, and determination of the cause of mortality

Abstract

The investigation of the causes of a fish kill in waters containing ferro- and ferricyanide at concentrations far under those generally accepted as non-lethal have shown these low concentrations to be lethal due to photo-decomposition and release of the cyanide ion. Experimental data place the toxic level of these compounds, under similar conditions of light intensity, at a concentration between 1 and 2 p.p.m. This level is assumed to vary slightly under natural conditions with latitude, period of the year, temperature, water turbulence, and interferences. Rapid development of toxicity has been demonstrated at a concentration of 2 p.p.m. of either potassium ferro- or ferricyanide.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
New York Conservation Dept., Rochester
OSTI Identifier:
6625187
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Am. Fish. Soc., Spec. Publ.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 78
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; CYANIDES; TOXICITY; FISHES; MORTALITY; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; INJURIES; IRON COMPOUNDS; LETHAL DOSES; PHOTOCHEMICAL REACTIONS; POTASSIUM COMPOUNDS; VISIBLE RADIATION; ALKALI METAL COMPOUNDS; ANIMALS; AQUATIC ORGANISMS; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; DATA; DOSES; ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION; INFORMATION; NUMERICAL DATA; RADIATIONS; TRANSITION ELEMENT COMPOUNDS; VERTEBRATES; 560305* - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology- Vertebrates- (-1987); 550200 - Biochemistry

Citation Formats

Burdick, G E, and Lipschuetz, M. Toxicity of ferro- and ferricyanide solutions to fish, and determination of the cause of mortality. United States: N. p., 1948. Web.
Burdick, G E, & Lipschuetz, M. Toxicity of ferro- and ferricyanide solutions to fish, and determination of the cause of mortality. United States.
Burdick, G E, and Lipschuetz, M. Thu . "Toxicity of ferro- and ferricyanide solutions to fish, and determination of the cause of mortality". United States.
@article{osti_6625187,
title = {Toxicity of ferro- and ferricyanide solutions to fish, and determination of the cause of mortality},
author = {Burdick, G E and Lipschuetz, M},
abstractNote = {The investigation of the causes of a fish kill in waters containing ferro- and ferricyanide at concentrations far under those generally accepted as non-lethal have shown these low concentrations to be lethal due to photo-decomposition and release of the cyanide ion. Experimental data place the toxic level of these compounds, under similar conditions of light intensity, at a concentration between 1 and 2 p.p.m. This level is assumed to vary slightly under natural conditions with latitude, period of the year, temperature, water turbulence, and interferences. Rapid development of toxicity has been demonstrated at a concentration of 2 p.p.m. of either potassium ferro- or ferricyanide.},
doi = {},
journal = {Am. Fish. Soc., Spec. Publ.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 78,
place = {United States},
year = {1948},
month = {1}
}