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Title: Reconstruction of the Mesopotamian coastline in the Holocene

Abstract

At the end of the last glacial period, a major marine transgression inundated the entire Persian Gulf. The precise position of the coastline with time has been the subject of several alternate interpretations. Utilizing sea level curves, shallow well data, sediment loads, satellite imagery, geomorphology, archeologic information, and historical data; the transgression and subsequent delta progradation at the head of the Persian Gulf can be delineated. The maximum transgression, at about 6000 B.P., extended about 400 km inland from the present shoreline. After 6000 B.P., the Shatt-al-Arab Delta prograded southward to its current position. Previous uncertainty about the extent of innundation and sedimentation in this archaeologically important area is, in part, the result of assymetric infilling of the embayment by large quantities of sediment from the Karun-Karkheh-Jarrahi River system. This portion of the delta prograded rapidly to the south, isolating a large portion of the embayment from the rest of the Gulf. The Hawzr marshes of today are the remnant of the freshwater lake(s) that formed in this fashion. The impact of these events on our knowledge of early human occupation and the development of civilization in the Tigris-Euphrates valley, is profound.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Pittsburgh, PA (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6614268
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6614268
Report Number(s):
CONF-8510489-
Journal ID: CODEN: GAAPB
Resource Type:
Conference
Journal Name:
Geol. Soc. Am., Abstr. Programs; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 17; Conference: 98. annual meeting of the Geological Society of America, Orlando, FL, USA, 28 Oct 1985
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; PERSIAN GULF; SEA LEVEL; GEOLOGIC HISTORY; VARIATIONS; ARCHAEOLOGY; COASTAL REGIONS; GEOMORPHOLOGY; HISTORICAL ASPECTS; IRAN; IRAQ; QUATERNARY PERIOD; REMOTE SENSING; SAUDI ARABIA; ARABIAN SEA; ASIA; CENOZOIC ERA; DEVELOPING COUNTRIES; GEOLOGIC AGES; GEOLOGY; INDIAN OCEAN; LEVELS; MIDDLE EAST; SEAS; SURFACE WATERS 580100* -- Geology & Hydrology-- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Cooke, G.A. Reconstruction of the Mesopotamian coastline in the Holocene. United States: N. p., 1985. Web.
Cooke, G.A. Reconstruction of the Mesopotamian coastline in the Holocene. United States.
Cooke, G.A. Tue . "Reconstruction of the Mesopotamian coastline in the Holocene". United States.
@article{osti_6614268,
title = {Reconstruction of the Mesopotamian coastline in the Holocene},
author = {Cooke, G.A.},
abstractNote = {At the end of the last glacial period, a major marine transgression inundated the entire Persian Gulf. The precise position of the coastline with time has been the subject of several alternate interpretations. Utilizing sea level curves, shallow well data, sediment loads, satellite imagery, geomorphology, archeologic information, and historical data; the transgression and subsequent delta progradation at the head of the Persian Gulf can be delineated. The maximum transgression, at about 6000 B.P., extended about 400 km inland from the present shoreline. After 6000 B.P., the Shatt-al-Arab Delta prograded southward to its current position. Previous uncertainty about the extent of innundation and sedimentation in this archaeologically important area is, in part, the result of assymetric infilling of the embayment by large quantities of sediment from the Karun-Karkheh-Jarrahi River system. This portion of the delta prograded rapidly to the south, isolating a large portion of the embayment from the rest of the Gulf. The Hawzr marshes of today are the remnant of the freshwater lake(s) that formed in this fashion. The impact of these events on our knowledge of early human occupation and the development of civilization in the Tigris-Euphrates valley, is profound.},
doi = {},
journal = {Geol. Soc. Am., Abstr. Programs; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 17,
place = {United States},
year = {1985},
month = {1}
}

Conference:
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