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Title: Patterns of rural household energy use: a study in the White Nile province - the Sudan

Abstract

The study investigates rural household domestic energy consumption patterns in a semiarid area of the Sudan. It describes the socioeconomic and evironmental context of energy use, provides an estimation of local woody biomass production and evaluates ecological impacts of increased energy demand on the local resource base. It is based on findings derived from field surveys, a systematic questionnaire and participant observations. Findings indicate that households procure traditional fuels by self-collection and purchases. Household members spent on average 20% of their working time gathering fuels. Generally per caput and total annual expenditure and consumption of domestic fuels are determined by household size, physical availability, storage, prices, income, conservation, substitution and competition among fuel resource uses. Households spend on average 16% of their annual income on traditional fuels. Aggregation of fuels on heat equivalent basis and calculation of their contribution shows that on average firewood provides 63%, charcoal 20.7%, dung 10.4%, crop residues 3.4% and kerosene/diesel 2.5% of the total demand for domestic purposes. Estimated total household woodfuel demand exceeds woody biomass available from the local forests. This demand is presently satisfied by a net depletion of the local forests and purchases from other areas. Degradation of the resource base ismore » further exacerbated by development of irrigation along the White Nile River, increasing livestock numbers (overgrazing) and forest clearance for rainfed cultivation. The most promising relevant and appropriate strategies to alleviate rural household domestic energy problems include: conservation of the existing forest, augmentation through village woodlots and community forestry programmes and improvements in end-use (stoves) and conversion (wood to charcoal) technologies.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6600213
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Diss. Abstr. Int. A; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 46:2; Other Information: Thesis
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; HOUSEHOLDS; ENERGY CONSUMPTION; SUDAN; AGRICULTURAL WASTES; ARID LANDS; AVAILABILITY; CHARCOAL; DEFORESTATION; DIESEL FUELS; ENERGY DEMAND; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; KEROSENE; MANURES; RURAL AREAS; SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS; STORAGE; SURVEYS; TIME DEPENDENCE; WOOD FUELS; ADSORBENTS; AFRICA; DEMAND; DEVELOPING COUNTRIES; ENERGY SOURCES; FUELS; INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS; LIQUID FUELS; ORGANIC WASTES; PETROLEUM PRODUCTS; WASTES; 140504* - Solar Energy Conversion- Biomass Production & Conversion- (-1989); 299003 - Energy Planning & Policy- Unconventional Sources & Power Generation- Other- (-1989); 292000 - Energy Planning & Policy- Supply, Demand & Forecasting

Citation Formats

Abdu, A S.E. Patterns of rural household energy use: a study in the White Nile province - the Sudan. United States: N. p., 1985. Web.
Abdu, A S.E. Patterns of rural household energy use: a study in the White Nile province - the Sudan. United States.
Abdu, A S.E. Tue . "Patterns of rural household energy use: a study in the White Nile province - the Sudan". United States.
@article{osti_6600213,
title = {Patterns of rural household energy use: a study in the White Nile province - the Sudan},
author = {Abdu, A S.E.},
abstractNote = {The study investigates rural household domestic energy consumption patterns in a semiarid area of the Sudan. It describes the socioeconomic and evironmental context of energy use, provides an estimation of local woody biomass production and evaluates ecological impacts of increased energy demand on the local resource base. It is based on findings derived from field surveys, a systematic questionnaire and participant observations. Findings indicate that households procure traditional fuels by self-collection and purchases. Household members spent on average 20% of their working time gathering fuels. Generally per caput and total annual expenditure and consumption of domestic fuels are determined by household size, physical availability, storage, prices, income, conservation, substitution and competition among fuel resource uses. Households spend on average 16% of their annual income on traditional fuels. Aggregation of fuels on heat equivalent basis and calculation of their contribution shows that on average firewood provides 63%, charcoal 20.7%, dung 10.4%, crop residues 3.4% and kerosene/diesel 2.5% of the total demand for domestic purposes. Estimated total household woodfuel demand exceeds woody biomass available from the local forests. This demand is presently satisfied by a net depletion of the local forests and purchases from other areas. Degradation of the resource base is further exacerbated by development of irrigation along the White Nile River, increasing livestock numbers (overgrazing) and forest clearance for rainfed cultivation. The most promising relevant and appropriate strategies to alleviate rural household domestic energy problems include: conservation of the existing forest, augmentation through village woodlots and community forestry programmes and improvements in end-use (stoves) and conversion (wood to charcoal) technologies.},
doi = {},
journal = {Diss. Abstr. Int. A; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 46:2,
place = {United States},
year = {1985},
month = {1}
}