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Title: Most-important data and methods of production of some ioparaffins with special regard to their use as motor fuels (in German)

Abstract

This table gives a listing of the formula, structure, melting point, boiling point, density, vapor pressure, octane rating without (and sometimes with) lead additive, and production procedure for several isoparaffins (branched paraffins). The substance included 2-methylbutane (isopentane), 2,2-dimethylpropane (neopentane), 2,2-dimethylbutane (neohexane), 2,3-dimethylbutane, 2,2-dimetnylpentane, 3,3-dimethylpentane, 2,3-dimethylpentane, 2,4-dimethylpentane, 2,2,3-trimethylbutane (Triptan), 2,2,3-trimethylpentane, 2,2,4-trimethylpentane (iso-octane), 2,3,3-trimethylpentane, 2,2,3,3-tetramethylbutane, 3-methyl-3-ethylpentane, 2,2,4,4-tetramethylpentane, 3,3,4,4-tetramethylhexane, and 2,4,4,6,6-pentamethylheptane (isododecane). The substances in the list which were said to have octane number of 100 or more without addition of lead were Triptan (101 or more), 2,2,3-trimethylpentane (100.2), iso-octane (100), 2,2,3,3-tetramethylbutane (103), and isododecane (100). The various methods of production given in the table included (1) chlorination of a ketone, followed by conversion (involving rearrangement) of the chlorinated substance to an acid, and subsequent hyrogenation, (2) alkylation processes of condensation of a paraffin with an olefin, (3) hydrogenation of a ketone or an olefin, (4) polymerization of an olefin, (5) isomerization of a paraffin, and (6) condensation of two molecules of an alkyl magnesium bromide with iodine. 1 table, 1 graph.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
I.G. Farbenindustrie, A.G., Ludwigshafen (Germany)
OSTI Identifier:
6568864
Report Number(s):
TOM-138-65-73
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
German
Subject:
10 SYNTHETIC FUELS; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; ALKANES; ALKYLATION; ISOMERIZATION; ALKENES; HYDROGENATION; POLYMERIZATION; HYDROCARBONS; ANTIKNOCK RATINGS; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; CHEMICAL PROPERTIES; PHYSICAL PROPERTIES; SYNTHESIS; KETONES; CHLORINATION; SYNTHETIC FUELS; COAL LIQUEFACTION PLANTS; DATA COMPILATION; DIAGRAMS; GASOLINE; GRIGNARD REAGENTS; IODINE; PRODUCTION; TABLES; ALKALINE EARTH METAL COMPOUNDS; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; DATA; DATA FORMS; ELEMENTS; FUELS; HALOGENATION; HALOGENS; INDUSTRIAL PLANTS; INFORMATION; MAGNESIUM COMPOUNDS; NONMETALS; NUMERICAL DATA; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANOMETALLIC COMPOUNDS; PETROLEUM PRODUCTS; 090121* - Hydrocarbon Fuels- Chemical Synthesis- (1976-1989); 010403 - Coal & Coal Products- Hydrogenation- (-1987)

Citation Formats

Henkels,. Most-important data and methods of production of some ioparaffins with special regard to their use as motor fuels. United States: N. p., 1944. Web.
Henkels,. Most-important data and methods of production of some ioparaffins with special regard to their use as motor fuels. United States.
Henkels,. Thu . "Most-important data and methods of production of some ioparaffins with special regard to their use as motor fuels". United States.
@article{osti_6568864,
title = {Most-important data and methods of production of some ioparaffins with special regard to their use as motor fuels},
author = {Henkels,},
abstractNote = {This table gives a listing of the formula, structure, melting point, boiling point, density, vapor pressure, octane rating without (and sometimes with) lead additive, and production procedure for several isoparaffins (branched paraffins). The substance included 2-methylbutane (isopentane), 2,2-dimethylpropane (neopentane), 2,2-dimethylbutane (neohexane), 2,3-dimethylbutane, 2,2-dimetnylpentane, 3,3-dimethylpentane, 2,3-dimethylpentane, 2,4-dimethylpentane, 2,2,3-trimethylbutane (Triptan), 2,2,3-trimethylpentane, 2,2,4-trimethylpentane (iso-octane), 2,3,3-trimethylpentane, 2,2,3,3-tetramethylbutane, 3-methyl-3-ethylpentane, 2,2,4,4-tetramethylpentane, 3,3,4,4-tetramethylhexane, and 2,4,4,6,6-pentamethylheptane (isododecane). The substances in the list which were said to have octane number of 100 or more without addition of lead were Triptan (101 or more), 2,2,3-trimethylpentane (100.2), iso-octane (100), 2,2,3,3-tetramethylbutane (103), and isododecane (100). The various methods of production given in the table included (1) chlorination of a ketone, followed by conversion (involving rearrangement) of the chlorinated substance to an acid, and subsequent hyrogenation, (2) alkylation processes of condensation of a paraffin with an olefin, (3) hydrogenation of a ketone or an olefin, (4) polymerization of an olefin, (5) isomerization of a paraffin, and (6) condensation of two molecules of an alkyl magnesium bromide with iodine. 1 table, 1 graph.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1944},
month = {3}
}

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