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Title: Temperature and time effects on the ``adhesion dynamics`` of poly(butyl methacrylate) (PBMA) surfaces

Abstract

The authors present a surface force apparatus (SFA) study of the effects of time and loading-unloading rates on the adhesion of solid polymeric surfaces of poly(butylmethacrylate). They used the equilibrium JKR theory of adhesion or contact mechanics as a framework for analyzing the adhesion dynamics of two surfaces during nonequilibrium (viscoelastic, plastic) adhesion and separation. PBMA films of thickness {approximately}2 {micro}m were prepared on curved mica surfaces by casting from a solution of methyl ethyl ketone. Pull-off forces from adhesive contact were measured at different temperatures around the glass-rubber transition temperature (T{sub g} {approx} 25 C) at different loads and contact times, and hysteretic loading-unloading cycles were measured at different rates. On entering the rubber regime, the effective surface energies deduced from the pull-off forces increase dramatically, by up to 3 orders of magnitude above the equilibrium value, with increasing contact time and load. Strong entanglements across the interface, probably through reptation, increase the effective area of contact with time, giving rise to the high pull-off forces observed. Bulk viscoelastic deformations of the surface profiles accompany the time-dependent adhesion processes. The existence of at least two different relaxation (energy dissipating) processes, one at the molecular level and the other atmore » the microscopic to macroscopic level, can be inferred from these experiments. The implications of the results for understanding the adhesion, fracture strength, and crack-propagation of elastic versus viscoelastic materials are discussed.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Complutense Univ., Madrid (Spain). Physical Chemistry Dept.
  2. Rockwell Science Center, Thousand Oaks, CA (United States). Research Center
  3. Swiss Federal Inst. of Tech., Zuerich (Switzerland). Tribology and Surface Forces Group
  4. Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
653308
DOE Contract Number:  
FG03-87ER45331
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Langmuir
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 14; Journal Issue: 14; Other Information: PBD: 7 Jul 1998
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; METHACRYLATES; POLYACRYLATES; SURFACE PROPERTIES; ADHESION; FRACTURE MECHANICS; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TIME DEPENDENCE

Citation Formats

Luengo, G, Pan, J, Heuberger, M, and Israelachvili, J N. Temperature and time effects on the ``adhesion dynamics`` of poly(butyl methacrylate) (PBMA) surfaces. United States: N. p., 1998. Web. doi:10.1021/la971304a.
Luengo, G, Pan, J, Heuberger, M, & Israelachvili, J N. Temperature and time effects on the ``adhesion dynamics`` of poly(butyl methacrylate) (PBMA) surfaces. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/la971304a
Luengo, G, Pan, J, Heuberger, M, and Israelachvili, J N. Tue . "Temperature and time effects on the ``adhesion dynamics`` of poly(butyl methacrylate) (PBMA) surfaces". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/la971304a.
@article{osti_653308,
title = {Temperature and time effects on the ``adhesion dynamics`` of poly(butyl methacrylate) (PBMA) surfaces},
author = {Luengo, G and Pan, J and Heuberger, M and Israelachvili, J N},
abstractNote = {The authors present a surface force apparatus (SFA) study of the effects of time and loading-unloading rates on the adhesion of solid polymeric surfaces of poly(butylmethacrylate). They used the equilibrium JKR theory of adhesion or contact mechanics as a framework for analyzing the adhesion dynamics of two surfaces during nonequilibrium (viscoelastic, plastic) adhesion and separation. PBMA films of thickness {approximately}2 {micro}m were prepared on curved mica surfaces by casting from a solution of methyl ethyl ketone. Pull-off forces from adhesive contact were measured at different temperatures around the glass-rubber transition temperature (T{sub g} {approx} 25 C) at different loads and contact times, and hysteretic loading-unloading cycles were measured at different rates. On entering the rubber regime, the effective surface energies deduced from the pull-off forces increase dramatically, by up to 3 orders of magnitude above the equilibrium value, with increasing contact time and load. Strong entanglements across the interface, probably through reptation, increase the effective area of contact with time, giving rise to the high pull-off forces observed. Bulk viscoelastic deformations of the surface profiles accompany the time-dependent adhesion processes. The existence of at least two different relaxation (energy dissipating) processes, one at the molecular level and the other at the microscopic to macroscopic level, can be inferred from these experiments. The implications of the results for understanding the adhesion, fracture strength, and crack-propagation of elastic versus viscoelastic materials are discussed.},
doi = {10.1021/la971304a},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/653308}, journal = {Langmuir},
number = 14,
volume = 14,
place = {United States},
year = {1998},
month = {7}
}