skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Sandia combustion research program: Annual report, 1987

Abstract

More than a decade ago, in response to a national energy crisis, Sandia proposed to the US Department of Energy a new, ambitious program in combustion research. Our strategy was to apply the rapidly increasing capabilities in lasers and computers to combustion science and technology. Shortly thereafter, the Combustion Research Facility (CRF) was established at Sandia's Livermore location. Designated a ''User Facility,'' the charter of the CRF was to develop and maintain special-purpose resources to support a nationwide initiative--involving US universities, industry, and national laboratories--to improve our understanding and control of combustion. This report includes descriptions of several research projects which have been stimulated by Working Groups and involve the on-site participation of industry scientists. DOE's Industry Technology Fellowship Program has been instrumental in the success of some of the joint efforts. The remainder of this report presents research results of calendar year 1987, separated thematically into nine categories. Refereed journal articles appearing in print during 1987, along with selected other publications, are included at the end of Section 10. In addition to our ''traditional'' research--chemistry, reacting flow, diagnostics, engine combustion, and coal combustion--you will note continued progress in somewhat recent themes: pulse combustion, high temperature materials, and energetic materials,more » for example. Moreover, we have just started a small, new effort to understand combustion-related issues in the management of toxic and hazardous materials.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. (eds.)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6524273
Report Number(s):
SAND-88-8004
ON: TI89004344
DOE Contract Number:
AC04-76DR00789
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Portions of this document are illegible in microfiche products
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; COMBUSTION; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; ABSORPTION SPECTRA; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; ACETYLENE; COAL; COMBUSTION KINETICS; COMBUSTORS; DYE LASERS; FLAME PROPAGATION; FLAMES; FLOW MODELS; FOURIER TRANSFORMATION; FURNACES; HYDROGEN; NITROUS OXIDE; PROGRESS REPORT; SANDIA LABORATORIES; SODIUM; SOOT; TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER; TURBULENCE; ALKALI METALS; ALKYNES; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; CHALCOGENIDES; CHEMICAL REACTION KINETICS; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; DOCUMENT TYPES; ELEMENTS; ENERGY SOURCES; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; HYDROCARBONS; INTEGRAL TRANSFORMATIONS; KINETICS; LASERS; LIQUID LASERS; MATERIALS; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; METALS; NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS; NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; NITROGEN OXIDES; NONMETALS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OXIDATION; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; REACTION KINETICS; SPECTRA; SPECTROSCOPY; THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES; TRANSFORMATIONS; US AEC; US DOE; US ERDA; US ORGANIZATIONS; 400800* - Combustion, Pyrolysis, & High-Temperature Chemistry

Citation Formats

Palmer, R.E., Sanders, B.R., and Ivanetich, C.A. Sandia combustion research program: Annual report, 1987. United States: N. p., 1988. Web. doi:10.2172/6524273.
Palmer, R.E., Sanders, B.R., & Ivanetich, C.A. Sandia combustion research program: Annual report, 1987. United States. doi:10.2172/6524273.
Palmer, R.E., Sanders, B.R., and Ivanetich, C.A. 1988. "Sandia combustion research program: Annual report, 1987". United States. doi:10.2172/6524273. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6524273.
@article{osti_6524273,
title = {Sandia combustion research program: Annual report, 1987},
author = {Palmer, R.E. and Sanders, B.R. and Ivanetich, C.A.},
abstractNote = {More than a decade ago, in response to a national energy crisis, Sandia proposed to the US Department of Energy a new, ambitious program in combustion research. Our strategy was to apply the rapidly increasing capabilities in lasers and computers to combustion science and technology. Shortly thereafter, the Combustion Research Facility (CRF) was established at Sandia's Livermore location. Designated a ''User Facility,'' the charter of the CRF was to develop and maintain special-purpose resources to support a nationwide initiative--involving US universities, industry, and national laboratories--to improve our understanding and control of combustion. This report includes descriptions of several research projects which have been stimulated by Working Groups and involve the on-site participation of industry scientists. DOE's Industry Technology Fellowship Program has been instrumental in the success of some of the joint efforts. The remainder of this report presents research results of calendar year 1987, separated thematically into nine categories. Refereed journal articles appearing in print during 1987, along with selected other publications, are included at the end of Section 10. In addition to our ''traditional'' research--chemistry, reacting flow, diagnostics, engine combustion, and coal combustion--you will note continued progress in somewhat recent themes: pulse combustion, high temperature materials, and energetic materials, for example. Moreover, we have just started a small, new effort to understand combustion-related issues in the management of toxic and hazardous materials.},
doi = {10.2172/6524273},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 1988,
month = 1
}

Technical Report:

Save / Share:
  • This year, we achieved a major milestone in the formulation of our combustion research program: the Combustion Research Facility has been completed, incorporating its special laser systems and central computer facilities, and our staff have moved into their new offices and laboratories. Also, late in the year, we opened our doors to accommodate the needs of visiting scientists, a major role of the Facility. Technically, we expect our research programs, reported herein, to contribute to solving important energy problems. In 1974 Sandia proposed to take on as its primary mission in combustion the development of a research facility which wouldmore » be dedicated to improving research methods - specifically, advanced diagnostics and computational techniques - for application to combustion problems. These research programs are being carried out under the sponsorship of the DOE Offices of Basic Energy Sciences, Fossil Fuel Utilization, and Conservation. That portion of the research which is funded by BES includes: fundamental flame studies, diagnostics research, and diagnostics implementation. Other combustion research conducted at the facility is applied to the needs of other DOE offices and is funded accordingly.« less
  • The research is reported in five sections: facilities and special equipment, flame research, engine research, fossil fuel research, and combustion diagnostics. (DLC)
  • This report presents research results of the past year, divided thematically into some ten categories. Publications and presentations arising from this work are included in the appendix. Our highlighted accomplishment of the year is the announcement of the discovery and demonstration of the RAPRENOx process. This new mechanism for the elimination of nitrogen oxides from essentially all kinds of combustion exhausts shows promise for commercialization, and may eventually make a significant contribution to our nation's ability to control smog and acid rain. The sections of this volume describe the facility's laser and computer system, laser diagnostics of flames, combustion chemistry,more » reacting flows, liquid and solid propellant combustion, mathematical models of combustion, high-temperature material interfaces, studies of engine/furnace combustion, coal combustion, and the means of encouraging technology transfer. 182 refs., 170 figs., 12 tabs.« less
  • This volume discusses facilities, equipment, and projects in combustion research. Areas covered in the report are: flame studies, diagnostic equipment, internal combustion engines, fossil fuels combustion, and combustion spectroscopy. (JDH)
  • The intrinsic methane combustion activity of a series of metal oxide catalysts representing several structural classes was determined by temperature-programmed reaction and stationary-state order of reaction experiments. The oxide catalysts examined thus far include: (1) a series of lanthanum-based transition metal 1,1-perovskites; (2) a layered perovskite, La/sub 2/NiO/sub 4/; (3) YBa/sub 2/Cu/sub 3/O/sub 7/, the superconducting perovskite; (4) several alumina spinels; and (5) simple binary oxides of disparate structure. These metal oxide catalysts were typically prepared by conventional precipitation and calcination methods and characterized by x-ray diffraction, BET surface area, and the temperature-programmed evolution of oxygen. When normalized for surfacemore » area, the specific methane combustion activity of transition metal oxides correlates inversely with their thermochemical stability. The performance of the oxide catalysts was greatly influenced by sintering at elevated temperatures. The most-stable oxide was the lanthanum-alumina perovskite, LaAlO/sub 3/, which was stable up to 1473 K. The kinetics of catalytic methane combustion were examined in detail for selected catalysts.« less