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Title: Synthesis and evaluation of alpha-(((2-haloethyl)amino)methyl)-2- nitro-1H-imidazole-1-ethanols as prodrugs of alpha-((1-aziridinyl)methyl)-2- nitro-1H-imidazole-1-ethanol (RSU-1069) and its analogues which are radiosensitizers and bioreductively activated cytotoxins

Abstract

alpha-((1-Aziridinyl)methyl)-2-nitro-1H-imidazole-1-ethanols, of general formula ImCH2CH(OH)CH2NCR1R2CR3R4, where Im = 2-nitroimidazole and R1, R2, R3, R4 = H, Me, are radiosensitizers and selective bioreductively activated cytotoxins toward hypoxic tumor cells in vitro and in vivo. Treatment of the aziridines with hydrogen halide in acetone or aqueous acetone gave the corresponding 2-haloethylamines of general formula ImCH2CH(OH)CH2(+)-NH2CR1R2CR3R4X X-, where R1, R2, R3, R4 = H, Me, and X = F, Cl, Br, I. These 2-haloethylamines were evaluated as prodrugs of the parent aziridines. The rates of ring closure in aqueous solution at pH approximately 6 were found to increase with increasing methyl substitution and to depend on the nature of the leaving group (I approximately Br greater than Cl much greater than F). A competing reaction of ImCH2CH(OH)CH2+NH2CH2CH2X X- (X = Cl, Br) with aqueous HCO3- ions gives 3-(2-hyroxy-3-(2-nitro-1H-imidazol-1-yl)propyl)-2-oxazolidinone. The activities of these prodrugs as radiosensitizers or as bioreductively activated cytotoxins were consistent with the proportion converted to the parent aziridine during the course of the experiment. alpha-(((2-Bromoethyl)amino)methyl)-2-nitro-1H-imidazole-1- ethanol (RB 6145, 10), the prodrug of alpha-((1-aziridinyl)methyl)-2-nitro-1H-imidazole-1-ethanol (RSU-1069, 3), is identified as the most useful compound in terms of biological activity and rate of ring closure under physiological conditions.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Medical Research Council Radiobiology Unit, Didcot, Oxfordshire (England)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6509587
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry; (USA)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 33:9; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-2623
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; RADIOSENSITIZERS; EVALUATION; EXPERIMENTAL NEOPLASMS; IN VITRO; IN VIVO; MICE; TUMOR CELLS; ANIMAL CELLS; ANIMALS; DRUGS; MAMMALS; RODENTS; VERTEBRATES; 560120* - Radiation Effects on Biochemicals, Cells, & Tissue Culture; 560152 - Radiation Effects on Animals- Animals

Citation Formats

Jenkins, T C, Naylor, M A, O'Neill, P, Threadgill, M D, Cole, S, Stratford, I J, Adams, G E, Fielden, E M, Suto, M J, and Stier, M A. Synthesis and evaluation of alpha-(((2-haloethyl)amino)methyl)-2- nitro-1H-imidazole-1-ethanols as prodrugs of alpha-((1-aziridinyl)methyl)-2- nitro-1H-imidazole-1-ethanol (RSU-1069) and its analogues which are radiosensitizers and bioreductively activated cytotoxins. United States: N. p., 1990. Web. doi:10.1021/jm00171a040.
Jenkins, T C, Naylor, M A, O'Neill, P, Threadgill, M D, Cole, S, Stratford, I J, Adams, G E, Fielden, E M, Suto, M J, & Stier, M A. Synthesis and evaluation of alpha-(((2-haloethyl)amino)methyl)-2- nitro-1H-imidazole-1-ethanols as prodrugs of alpha-((1-aziridinyl)methyl)-2- nitro-1H-imidazole-1-ethanol (RSU-1069) and its analogues which are radiosensitizers and bioreductively activated cytotoxins. United States. doi:10.1021/jm00171a040.
Jenkins, T C, Naylor, M A, O'Neill, P, Threadgill, M D, Cole, S, Stratford, I J, Adams, G E, Fielden, E M, Suto, M J, and Stier, M A. Sat . "Synthesis and evaluation of alpha-(((2-haloethyl)amino)methyl)-2- nitro-1H-imidazole-1-ethanols as prodrugs of alpha-((1-aziridinyl)methyl)-2- nitro-1H-imidazole-1-ethanol (RSU-1069) and its analogues which are radiosensitizers and bioreductively activated cytotoxins". United States. doi:10.1021/jm00171a040.
@article{osti_6509587,
title = {Synthesis and evaluation of alpha-(((2-haloethyl)amino)methyl)-2- nitro-1H-imidazole-1-ethanols as prodrugs of alpha-((1-aziridinyl)methyl)-2- nitro-1H-imidazole-1-ethanol (RSU-1069) and its analogues which are radiosensitizers and bioreductively activated cytotoxins},
author = {Jenkins, T C and Naylor, M A and O'Neill, P and Threadgill, M D and Cole, S and Stratford, I J and Adams, G E and Fielden, E M and Suto, M J and Stier, M A},
abstractNote = {alpha-((1-Aziridinyl)methyl)-2-nitro-1H-imidazole-1-ethanols, of general formula ImCH2CH(OH)CH2NCR1R2CR3R4, where Im = 2-nitroimidazole and R1, R2, R3, R4 = H, Me, are radiosensitizers and selective bioreductively activated cytotoxins toward hypoxic tumor cells in vitro and in vivo. Treatment of the aziridines with hydrogen halide in acetone or aqueous acetone gave the corresponding 2-haloethylamines of general formula ImCH2CH(OH)CH2(+)-NH2CR1R2CR3R4X X-, where R1, R2, R3, R4 = H, Me, and X = F, Cl, Br, I. These 2-haloethylamines were evaluated as prodrugs of the parent aziridines. The rates of ring closure in aqueous solution at pH approximately 6 were found to increase with increasing methyl substitution and to depend on the nature of the leaving group (I approximately Br greater than Cl much greater than F). A competing reaction of ImCH2CH(OH)CH2+NH2CH2CH2X X- (X = Cl, Br) with aqueous HCO3- ions gives 3-(2-hyroxy-3-(2-nitro-1H-imidazol-1-yl)propyl)-2-oxazolidinone. The activities of these prodrugs as radiosensitizers or as bioreductively activated cytotoxins were consistent with the proportion converted to the parent aziridine during the course of the experiment. alpha-(((2-Bromoethyl)amino)methyl)-2-nitro-1H-imidazole-1- ethanol (RB 6145, 10), the prodrug of alpha-((1-aziridinyl)methyl)-2-nitro-1H-imidazole-1-ethanol (RSU-1069, 3), is identified as the most useful compound in terms of biological activity and rate of ring closure under physiological conditions.},
doi = {10.1021/jm00171a040},
journal = {Journal of Medicinal Chemistry; (USA)},
issn = {0022-2623},
number = ,
volume = 33:9,
place = {United States},
year = {1990},
month = {9}
}