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Title: Ohio River Basin Energy Study: air quality and related impacts. Volume III. Selected impacts of electric utility operations in the Ohio River Basin (1976-2000): an application of the utility simulation model

Abstract

This report was prepared as part of the Ohio River Basin Energy Study (ORBES), a multi-disciplinary research program supported by the Environmental Protection Agency. It presents selected results of a comprehensive evaluation of environmental, energy, economic and emissions impacts of electric utility operations in and around the Ohio River Valley through 2000. Impact projections are based on alternative scenarios defined by sets of assumptions regarding electricity demand and government and utility policies, such as alternative state implementation plan (SIP) emission limits, SIP compliance or no SIP compliance, alternative generating unit lifetimes, different rates of electricity demand growth, and different utility dispatching criteria.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ohio River Basin Energy Study, Urbana, IL (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6504908
Report Number(s):
PB-82-224023
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; FOSSIL-FUEL POWER PLANTS; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; OHIO VALLEY REGION; POWER DEMAND; AIR POLLUTION; COMBUSTION PRODUCTS; ELECTRIC UTILITIES; FORECASTING; INDUSTRIAL WASTES; NITROGEN OXIDES; OHIO RIVER; PARTICLES; SULFUR DIOXIDE; CHALCOGENIDES; NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION; POWER PLANTS; PUBLIC UTILITIES; RIVERS; STREAMS; SULFUR COMPOUNDS; SULFUR OXIDES; SURFACE WATERS; THERMAL POWER PLANTS; WASTES 200200* -- Fossil-Fueled Power Plants-- Waste Management

Citation Formats

Stukel, J.J.. Ohio River Basin Energy Study: air quality and related impacts. Volume III. Selected impacts of electric utility operations in the Ohio River Basin (1976-2000): an application of the utility simulation model. United States: N. p., 1980. Web.
Stukel, J.J.. Ohio River Basin Energy Study: air quality and related impacts. Volume III. Selected impacts of electric utility operations in the Ohio River Basin (1976-2000): an application of the utility simulation model. United States.
Stukel, J.J.. 1980. "Ohio River Basin Energy Study: air quality and related impacts. Volume III. Selected impacts of electric utility operations in the Ohio River Basin (1976-2000): an application of the utility simulation model". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_6504908,
title = {Ohio River Basin Energy Study: air quality and related impacts. Volume III. Selected impacts of electric utility operations in the Ohio River Basin (1976-2000): an application of the utility simulation model},
author = {Stukel, J.J.},
abstractNote = {This report was prepared as part of the Ohio River Basin Energy Study (ORBES), a multi-disciplinary research program supported by the Environmental Protection Agency. It presents selected results of a comprehensive evaluation of environmental, energy, economic and emissions impacts of electric utility operations in and around the Ohio River Valley through 2000. Impact projections are based on alternative scenarios defined by sets of assumptions regarding electricity demand and government and utility policies, such as alternative state implementation plan (SIP) emission limits, SIP compliance or no SIP compliance, alternative generating unit lifetimes, different rates of electricity demand growth, and different utility dispatching criteria.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 1980,
month = 9
}

Technical Report:
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  • This report was prepared as part of the Ohio River Basin Energy Study (ORBES), a multi-disciplinary research program supported by the Environmental Protection Agency. The extensive air quality analysis undertaken for the ORBES included examination of pollutant emissions and resulting concentrations under various policy assumptions; collection of additional particulate and sulfur oxide measurements from the utilities for use in the analysis of current conditions; evaluation of the meteorological conditions under which maximum pollutant concentrations are likely to occur; examination of the validity of using conventional dispersion models for predicting worst-case pollution conditions; and cataloguing meteorological conditions under which regional pollutionmore » episodes occur. In this report, the focus is on the factual materials used to formulate the key air quality findings set forth in the main report of this study. It draws from Volumes II and III of the same series. Volume II is entitled 'Air Quality and Meteorology in the Ohio River Basin: Baseline and Future Impacts;' Volume III, 'Selected Impacts of Electric Utility Operations in the Ohio River Basin (1976-2000):An Application of the Utility Simulation Model.'.« less
  • This report was prepared in support of the Ohio River Basin Energy Study (ORBES), a multidisciplinary policy research program sponsored by the Environmental Protection Agency. It estimates monetary losses to agricultural producers from airborne residuals in the ORBES region ( all of Kentucky, most of West Virginia, southwestern Pennsylvania, and substantial portions of Illinois, Indiana and Ohio). Results are reported for three ORBES energy development scenarios--a base case; a case assuming non-compliance with state implementation plans (SIPs); and a high electrical energy growth case. Two different analyses are provided, one based on nominal load emissions from ORBES-region utilities and themore » other based on peak load emissions.« less
  • The report was prepared as part of the Ohio River Basin Energy Study (ORBES), a multidisciplinary policy research program. It reviews the status of the electric utility industry in the six ORBES states: Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. Topics include the investor-owned utilities, publicly-owned utilities and power agencies, rural electric cooperatives, electrical generation systems, electrical generating capacity, comparative financial and operating statistics for investor-owned utilities, and regulation in the electric utility industry.
  • An intensive study of water, overburden, and coal chemistry was conducted at a large surface mine in Ohio from May 1976 through July 1977. Sampling sites were chosen to include the final mine effluent at the outflow of a large settling pond and chemically-treated drainage from a coal storage pile. Samples were collected semimonthly and analyzed for total dissolved solids, total suspended solids, alkalinity, acidity, sulfate, chloride, and 16 metals. Field measurements included pH, flow rate, dissolved oxygen, and specific conductance. The final effluent, where sampled, generally complied with Office of Surface Mining reclamation standards for pH, iron, and totalmore » suspended solids. Comparison of the final effluent with water quality of an unnamed tributary above the mine suggested that elevated values for specific conductance, total dissolved solids, sulfate, calcium, magnesium, manganese, and zinc were attributable to the mine operation. In general, there were observable seasonal variations in flow rates that correlated positively to suspended solids concentrations and negatively to concentrations of dissolved constituents in the final effluent. Drainage from the coal storage pile contained elevated levels of acidity and dissolved metals which were not reduced significantly by the soda ash treatment. The storage pile drainage was diluted, however, by large volumes of alkaline water in the settling pond. Analysis of overburden and coal indicated that the major impact of mine drainage was pyrite oxidation and hydrolysis in the Middle Kittanning Coal and in the Lower Freeport Shale overlying the coal. However, the presence of a calcite-cemented section in the Upper Freeport Sandstone contributed substantial self-neutralizing capacity to the overburden section, resulting in generally alkaline drainage at this site.« less
  • The report was prepared as part of the Ohio River Basin Energy Study (ORBES), a multidisciplinary policy research program. It describes projected socioeconomic impacts of the ORBES energy futures, defined as scenarios, on the region. The region consists of all of Kentucky, most of West Virginia, and substantial portions of Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. The major impact areas considered are employment impacts of coal-fired power plants and of coal mining; population impacts of coal-fired power plants and coal mining; and public service impacts (e.g., water and sewer systems). The analyses of power plant impacts was aided by use ofmore » the ORBES Labor Impact Model (OLIM), which projects total county employment over time by scenario. For coal-mining employment impacts, a set of employment multipliers was developed using existing data to enable county- and regional-level employment changes. The mining employment data also are used in conjunction with other forecasts to look at general migration trends within the study region.« less