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Title: Electric vehicle fleet operations in the United States

Abstract

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is actively supporting the development and commercialization of advanced electric vehicles, batteries, and propulsion systems. As part of this effort, the DOE Field Operations Program is performing commercial validation testing of electric vehicles and supporting the development of an electric vehicle infrastructure. These efforts include the evaluation of electric vehicles in baseline performance, accelerated reliability, and fleet operations testing. The baseline performance testing focuses on parameters such as range, acceleration, and battery charging. This testing, performed in conjunction with EV America, has included the baseline performance testing of 16 electric vehicle models from 1994 through 1997. During 1997, the Chevrolet S10 and Ford Ranger electric vehicles were tested. During 1998, several additional electric vehicles from original equipment manufacturers will also be baseline performance tested. This and additional information is made available to the public via the Program`s web page (http://ev.inel.gov/sop). In conjunction with industry and other groups, the Program also supports the Infrastructure Working Council in its development of electric vehicle communications, charging, health and safety, and power quality standards. The Field Operations Program continues to support the development of electric vehicles and infrastructure in conjunction with its qualified vehicle test partners: Electric Transportationmore » Applications, and Southern California Edison. The Field Operations Program is managed by the Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Lab.
  2. Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lockheed Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
650252
Report Number(s):
INEEL/CON-98-00224; CONF-980619-
ON: DE98052575; TRN: AHC2DT04%%165
DOE Contract Number:
AC07-94ID13223
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: International symposium on automotive technology {ampersand} automation, Dusseldorf (Germany), 2-5 Jun 1998; Other Information: PBD: Mar 1998
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; ELECTRIC-POWERED VEHICLES; PERFORMANCE TESTING; COMMERCIALIZATION; ELECTRIC BATTERIES; PROPULSION SYSTEMS

Citation Formats

Francfort, J.E., and O`Hara, D. Electric vehicle fleet operations in the United States. United States: N. p., 1998. Web.
Francfort, J.E., & O`Hara, D. Electric vehicle fleet operations in the United States. United States.
Francfort, J.E., and O`Hara, D. 1998. "Electric vehicle fleet operations in the United States". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/650252.
@article{osti_650252,
title = {Electric vehicle fleet operations in the United States},
author = {Francfort, J.E. and O`Hara, D.},
abstractNote = {The US Department of Energy (DOE) is actively supporting the development and commercialization of advanced electric vehicles, batteries, and propulsion systems. As part of this effort, the DOE Field Operations Program is performing commercial validation testing of electric vehicles and supporting the development of an electric vehicle infrastructure. These efforts include the evaluation of electric vehicles in baseline performance, accelerated reliability, and fleet operations testing. The baseline performance testing focuses on parameters such as range, acceleration, and battery charging. This testing, performed in conjunction with EV America, has included the baseline performance testing of 16 electric vehicle models from 1994 through 1997. During 1997, the Chevrolet S10 and Ford Ranger electric vehicles were tested. During 1998, several additional electric vehicles from original equipment manufacturers will also be baseline performance tested. This and additional information is made available to the public via the Program`s web page (http://ev.inel.gov/sop). In conjunction with industry and other groups, the Program also supports the Infrastructure Working Council in its development of electric vehicle communications, charging, health and safety, and power quality standards. The Field Operations Program continues to support the development of electric vehicles and infrastructure in conjunction with its qualified vehicle test partners: Electric Transportation Applications, and Southern California Edison. The Field Operations Program is managed by the Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 1998,
month = 3
}

Conference:
Other availability
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  • The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is actively supporting the development and commercialization of advanced electric vehicles, and advanced batteries and propulsion systems. As part of this effort, the DOE Field Operations Program is performing commercial validation of electric vehicles. These efforts have included on-board data acquisition of electric vehicle operations and baseline performance testing. The baseline performance tests focus on parameters such as range, acceleration, and battery charging. This testing, performed in conjunction with EV America, has included the baseline performance testing of 14 electric vehicles will also be baseline performance tested. The baseline performance testing has documentedmore » annual improvements in performance. This and additional information is made available to the public via the internet homepage (http://ev.inel.gov). The Field Operations Program continues to support the development of electric vehicles and infrastructure in conjunction with its new qualified vehicle test partners: Electric Transportation Application of Phoenix, and Southern California Edison. The Field Operations Program is managed by the Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company, at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. 4 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.« less
  • The Electric Vehicle Development Corporation (EVDC), a utility supported organization, has been formed to facilitate and accelerate the use of EVs in commercial and personal transportation applications. The EVDC will achieve this goal by bridging the gap that currently exists between the technology developers and the market. Specifically, the EVDC will concentrate its activities on drawing together and focusing the efforts of research organizations and manufacturers on common market-responsive technology objectives, while organizing an initial market for EVs.
  • This report summarizes a study of 15 automotive fleets that operate neighborhood electric vehicles (NEVs) in the United States. The information was obtained to help Field Operations Program personnel understand how NEVs are being used, how many miles they are being driven, and if they are being used to replace other types of fleet vehicles or as additions to fleets. (The Field Operations Program is a U.S. Department of Energy Program within the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Transportation Technologies). The NEVs contribution to petroleum avoidance and cleaner air can be estimated based on the miles drivenmore » and by assuming gasoline use and air emissions values for the vehicles being replaced. Gasoline and emissions data for a Honda Civic are used as the Civic has the best fuel use for a gasoline-powered vehicle and very clean emissions. Based on these conservation assumptions, the 348 NEVs are being driven a total of about 1.2 million miles per year. This equates to an average of 3,409 miles per NEV annually or 9 miles per day. It is estimated that 29,195 gallons of petroleum use is avoided annually by the 348 NEVs. This equates to 87 gallons of petroleum use avoided per NEV, per year. Using the 348 NEVs avoids the generation of at least 775 pounds of smog-forming emissions annually.« less
  • Grumman Allied Industries was charged to design an electrically propelled truck that used Grumman's lightweight aluminum truck bodies. A prototype was tested in-house, and failed. It was then redesigned to increase battery mass friction, and to decrease vehicle curb weight. A VW Dasher rear suspension and a VW Rabbit undercarriage configuration were installed. Motor, vent and fill system, propulsion batteries, and safety interlock system are described. Tests were hampered by improper charging, and limited mileage which can be accumulated on the battery charge. A crash test lead to a windshield redesign. As a result the program took a bit longermore » than originally expected.« less
  • We report the development and on-vehicle testing of an engineering prototype zinc/air battery. The battery is refueled by periodic exchange of spent electrolyte for zinc particles entrained in fresh electrolyte. The technology is intended to provide a capability for nearly continuous vehicle operation, using the fleet s home base for 10 minute refuelings and zinc recycling instead of commercial infrastructure. In the battery, the zinc fuel particles are stored in hoppers, from which they are gravity fed into individual cells and completely consumed during discharge. A six-celled (7V) engineering prototype battery was combined with a 6 V lead/acid battery tomore » form a parallel hybrid unit, which was tested in series with the 216 V battery of an electric shuttle bus over a 75 mile circuit. The battery has an energy density of 140 Wh/kg and a mass density of 1.5 kg/L. Cost, energy efficiency, and alternative hybrid configurations are discussed.« less