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Title: Grate and stove heating unit

Abstract

A high efficiency grate and stove heating unit is disclosed which extracts useful heat from a fire and comprises in combination a low metal enclosure having an expansive top wall constituting a grate proper for supporting fireplace logs and the coals resulting therefrom, together with multiple heat exchangers in the form of fins or plates secured to the top wall and adapted to cradle the logs thereof. Other fins or plates extend downward from the top wall and abut the bottom enclosure wall to constitute a reinforcement means. In one embodiment, the enclosure includes an air inlet port connected with an electric blower for forcing air into the enclosure, together with multiple outlet ports from which the air, now heated, flows. A series of forward protruding nozzles is carried by the enclosure and communicates with the outlet ports to channel the heated air in directions away from the enclosure and its inlet port. Disposed between the blower and the fire area is a heat shield. The fins or plates extending between the top and bottom walls of the enclosure form a series of internal compartments, and force the circulating air to follow a tortuous or circuitous path. The blower simultaneouslymore » pressurizes all the compartments, each of which connect with one of the enclosure's outlet ports. The arrangement is such that due to the large surface areas of the top wall and plates which are in contact with the coals, high heating efficiency is realized by utilizing heat which would otherwise merely go up the chimney. In another embodiment of the invention the forced draft unit is incorporated in a stove, constituting the bottom wall or fire box on which the fuel rests. Still other embodiments of the invention provide for the use of water as the fluid medium, and show connections to an existing hot water heating system.« less

Inventors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6492599
Patent Number(s):
US 4050411
Assignee:
Automobile Corp. of America
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: Filed date 12 Jan 1976
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; FIREPLACES; DESIGN; HEAT EXCHANGERS; BLOWERS; ENERGY CONSERVATION; HEAT RECOVERY EQUIPMENT; HOUSES; BUILDINGS; EQUIPMENT; HEAT SOURCES; RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS; 320101* - Energy Conservation, Consumption, & Utilization- Residential Buildings- (-1987)

Citation Formats

Horwinski, E R. Grate and stove heating unit. United States: N. p., 1977. Web.
Horwinski, E R. Grate and stove heating unit. United States.
Horwinski, E R. 1977. "Grate and stove heating unit". United States.
@article{osti_6492599,
title = {Grate and stove heating unit},
author = {Horwinski, E R},
abstractNote = {A high efficiency grate and stove heating unit is disclosed which extracts useful heat from a fire and comprises in combination a low metal enclosure having an expansive top wall constituting a grate proper for supporting fireplace logs and the coals resulting therefrom, together with multiple heat exchangers in the form of fins or plates secured to the top wall and adapted to cradle the logs thereof. Other fins or plates extend downward from the top wall and abut the bottom enclosure wall to constitute a reinforcement means. In one embodiment, the enclosure includes an air inlet port connected with an electric blower for forcing air into the enclosure, together with multiple outlet ports from which the air, now heated, flows. A series of forward protruding nozzles is carried by the enclosure and communicates with the outlet ports to channel the heated air in directions away from the enclosure and its inlet port. Disposed between the blower and the fire area is a heat shield. The fins or plates extending between the top and bottom walls of the enclosure form a series of internal compartments, and force the circulating air to follow a tortuous or circuitous path. The blower simultaneously pressurizes all the compartments, each of which connect with one of the enclosure's outlet ports. The arrangement is such that due to the large surface areas of the top wall and plates which are in contact with the coals, high heating efficiency is realized by utilizing heat which would otherwise merely go up the chimney. In another embodiment of the invention the forced draft unit is incorporated in a stove, constituting the bottom wall or fire box on which the fuel rests. Still other embodiments of the invention provide for the use of water as the fluid medium, and show connections to an existing hot water heating system.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/6492599}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1977},
month = {9}
}