skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Assessment of the impacts of water intakes on alewife, rainbow smelt, and yellow perch populations in Lake Michigan. [Alewife; smelt; perch]

Abstract

A large volume of water is withdrawn from Lake Michigan for cooling and other industrial and municipal purposes. Potential ecological impacts of such withdrawals have caused concern. This study estimates the impacts of entrainment and impingement at water intakes on alewife, smelt, and yellow perch populations of Lake Michigan. Impingement and entrainment estimates were based on data collected by utilities for 316(b) demonstrations at 16 power plants. Two conventional fishery stock assessment models, the surplus production model and the dynamic pool model, were applied to assess the impacts. Fisheries data were applied to estimate the model parameters. Movements related to spawning and seasonal habitat selection cause high variation in impingement and entrainment over time and location. Impingement and entrainment rates were related to geographic location, intake type and position, and volume of water flow. Although the biomass impinged and numbers entrained are large, the proportions of the standing stocks impinged and the proportions of the eggs and larvae entrained are small. The reductions in biomass assuming full flow at all intakes and our estimates of biomass in 1975 are predicted by the models to be: 2.86% for alewife, 0.76% for smelt, and 0.28% for yellow perch.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6484628
Report Number(s):
ANL/ES-109
ON: DE81025030
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31-109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; FISHES; IMPINGEMENT; POPULATION DYNAMICS; INTAKE STRUCTURES; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; THERMAL POWER PLANTS; BIOMASS; COOLING; ENTRAINMENT; LAKE MICHIGAN; THERMAL EFFLUENTS; ANIMALS; AQUATIC ORGANISMS; ENERGY SOURCES; GREAT LAKES; LAKES; MECHANICAL STRUCTURES; POWER PLANTS; RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES; SURFACE WATERS; VERTEBRATES; 520500* - Environment, Aquatic- Site Resource & Use Studies- (-1989); 200201 - Fossil-Fueled Power Plants- Waste Management- Thermal Effluents

Citation Formats

Spigarelli, S A, Jensen, A J, and Thommes, M M. Assessment of the impacts of water intakes on alewife, rainbow smelt, and yellow perch populations in Lake Michigan. [Alewife; smelt; perch]. United States: N. p., 1981. Web.
Spigarelli, S A, Jensen, A J, & Thommes, M M. Assessment of the impacts of water intakes on alewife, rainbow smelt, and yellow perch populations in Lake Michigan. [Alewife; smelt; perch]. United States.
Spigarelli, S A, Jensen, A J, and Thommes, M M. Sun . "Assessment of the impacts of water intakes on alewife, rainbow smelt, and yellow perch populations in Lake Michigan. [Alewife; smelt; perch]". United States.
@article{osti_6484628,
title = {Assessment of the impacts of water intakes on alewife, rainbow smelt, and yellow perch populations in Lake Michigan. [Alewife; smelt; perch]},
author = {Spigarelli, S A and Jensen, A J and Thommes, M M},
abstractNote = {A large volume of water is withdrawn from Lake Michigan for cooling and other industrial and municipal purposes. Potential ecological impacts of such withdrawals have caused concern. This study estimates the impacts of entrainment and impingement at water intakes on alewife, smelt, and yellow perch populations of Lake Michigan. Impingement and entrainment estimates were based on data collected by utilities for 316(b) demonstrations at 16 power plants. Two conventional fishery stock assessment models, the surplus production model and the dynamic pool model, were applied to assess the impacts. Fisheries data were applied to estimate the model parameters. Movements related to spawning and seasonal habitat selection cause high variation in impingement and entrainment over time and location. Impingement and entrainment rates were related to geographic location, intake type and position, and volume of water flow. Although the biomass impinged and numbers entrained are large, the proportions of the standing stocks impinged and the proportions of the eggs and larvae entrained are small. The reductions in biomass assuming full flow at all intakes and our estimates of biomass in 1975 are predicted by the models to be: 2.86% for alewife, 0.76% for smelt, and 0.28% for yellow perch.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/6484628}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1981},
month = {3}
}

Technical Report:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that may hold this item. Keep in mind that many technical reports are not cataloged in WorldCat.

Save / Share: