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Title: Report on Carbon-14 generation and release at some of the Hanford reactors

Abstract

The Hanford graphite-moderated reactors have an enclosed gas circulation system to maintain control of the composition of gas atmosphere in the graphite stack. This investigation was undertaken to answer several questions concerning the generation and release of Carbon-14 in the operation of these graphite moderated reactors. The principle question was: Will an increase in the nitrogen content of the reactor atmosphere increase the release of Carbon-14 sufficiently to create a health hazard. Other questions were: (1) What are the main sources and the main release routes. (2) How much does carbon-14 build up in the graphite in the reactor stack. and (3) Is the total release of carbon-14 to the atmosphere sufficient to enhance the /sup 14/C levels in the vegetation surrounding the reactors.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
General Electric Co., Richland, WA (USA). Hanford Atomic Products Operation
OSTI Identifier:
6441936
Report Number(s):
HW-84569
ON: DE87005081
DOE Contract Number:  
AC06-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Paper copy only, copy does not permit microfiche production. Declassified 25 Sep 1984
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; CARBON 14; FISSION PRODUCT RELEASE; HANFORD PRODUCTION REACTORS; HEALTH HAZARDS; CARBON 14 COMPOUNDS; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY; GRAPHITE MODERATED REACTORS; RADIOISOTOPE GENERATORS; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-MINUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; CARBON ISOTOPES; CHROMATOGRAPHY; DATA; EVEN-EVEN NUCLEI; HAZARDS; INFORMATION; ISOTOPES; LABELLED COMPOUNDS; LIGHT NUCLEI; NUCLEI; NUMERICAL DATA; PLUTONIUM PRODUCTION REACTORS; PRODUCTION REACTORS; RADIOISOTOPES; REACTORS; SEPARATION PROCESSES; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; 210300* - Power Reactors, Nonbreeding, Graphite Moderated

Citation Formats

Barton, G.B. Report on Carbon-14 generation and release at some of the Hanford reactors. United States: N. p., 1964. Web. doi:10.2172/6441936.
Barton, G.B. Report on Carbon-14 generation and release at some of the Hanford reactors. United States. doi:10.2172/6441936.
Barton, G.B. Mon . "Report on Carbon-14 generation and release at some of the Hanford reactors". United States. doi:10.2172/6441936. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6441936.
@article{osti_6441936,
title = {Report on Carbon-14 generation and release at some of the Hanford reactors},
author = {Barton, G.B.},
abstractNote = {The Hanford graphite-moderated reactors have an enclosed gas circulation system to maintain control of the composition of gas atmosphere in the graphite stack. This investigation was undertaken to answer several questions concerning the generation and release of Carbon-14 in the operation of these graphite moderated reactors. The principle question was: Will an increase in the nitrogen content of the reactor atmosphere increase the release of Carbon-14 sufficiently to create a health hazard. Other questions were: (1) What are the main sources and the main release routes. (2) How much does carbon-14 build up in the graphite in the reactor stack. and (3) Is the total release of carbon-14 to the atmosphere sufficient to enhance the /sup 14/C levels in the vegetation surrounding the reactors.},
doi = {10.2172/6441936},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1964},
month = {12}
}