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Title: Earthquake damage to underground facilities

Abstract

The potential seismic risk for an underground nuclear waste repository will be one of the considerations in evaluating its ultimate location. However, the risk to subsurface facilities cannot be judged by applying intensity ratings derived from the surface effects of an earthquake. A literature review and analysis were performed to document the damage and non-damage due to earthquakes to underground facilities. Damage from earthquakes to tunnels, s, and wells and damage (rock bursts) from mining operations were investigated. Damage from documented nuclear events was also included in the study where applicable. There are very few data on damage in the subsurface due to earthquakes. This fact itself attests to the lessened effect of earthquakes in the subsurface because mines exist in areas where strong earthquakes have done extensive surface damage. More damage is reported in shallow tunnels near the surface than in deep mines. In mines and tunnels, large displacements occur primarily along pre-existing faults and fractures or at the surface entrance to these facilities.Data indicate vertical structures such as wells and shafts are less susceptible to damage than surface facilities. More analysis is required before seismic criteria can be formulated for the siting of a nuclear waste repository.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Du Pont de Nemours (E.I.) and Co., Aiken, SC (USA). Savannah River Lab.
OSTI Identifier:
6441638
Report Number(s):
DP-1513
TRN: 79-002720
DOE Contract Number:  
EY-76-C-09-0001
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; 58 GEOSCIENCES; RADIOACTIVE WASTE FACILITIES; SEISMIC EFFECTS; EARTHQUAKES; MINES; RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL; TUNNELS; UNDERGROUND DISPOSAL; WELLS; MANAGEMENT; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; SEISMIC EVENTS; WASTE DISPOSAL; WASTE MANAGEMENT; 052002* - Nuclear Fuels- Waste Disposal & Storage; 054000 - Nuclear Fuels- Health & Safety; 580201 - Geophysics- Seismology & Tectonics- (1980-1989)

Citation Formats

Pratt, H R, and Hustrulid, W.A. Stephenson, D.E. Earthquake damage to underground facilities. United States: N. p., 1978. Web. doi:10.2172/6441638.
Pratt, H R, & Hustrulid, W.A. Stephenson, D.E. Earthquake damage to underground facilities. United States. doi:10.2172/6441638.
Pratt, H R, and Hustrulid, W.A. Stephenson, D.E. Wed . "Earthquake damage to underground facilities". United States. doi:10.2172/6441638. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6441638.
@article{osti_6441638,
title = {Earthquake damage to underground facilities},
author = {Pratt, H R and Hustrulid, W.A. Stephenson, D.E.},
abstractNote = {The potential seismic risk for an underground nuclear waste repository will be one of the considerations in evaluating its ultimate location. However, the risk to subsurface facilities cannot be judged by applying intensity ratings derived from the surface effects of an earthquake. A literature review and analysis were performed to document the damage and non-damage due to earthquakes to underground facilities. Damage from earthquakes to tunnels, s, and wells and damage (rock bursts) from mining operations were investigated. Damage from documented nuclear events was also included in the study where applicable. There are very few data on damage in the subsurface due to earthquakes. This fact itself attests to the lessened effect of earthquakes in the subsurface because mines exist in areas where strong earthquakes have done extensive surface damage. More damage is reported in shallow tunnels near the surface than in deep mines. In mines and tunnels, large displacements occur primarily along pre-existing faults and fractures or at the surface entrance to these facilities.Data indicate vertical structures such as wells and shafts are less susceptible to damage than surface facilities. More analysis is required before seismic criteria can be formulated for the siting of a nuclear waste repository.},
doi = {10.2172/6441638},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1978},
month = {11}
}