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Title: Topical report on sources and systems for aquatic plant biomass as an energy resource

Abstract

Background information is documented on the mass cultivation of aquatic plants and systems design that is available from the literature and through consultation with active research scientists and engineers. The biology of microalgae, macroalgae, and aquatic angiosperms is discussed in terms of morphology, life history, mode of existence, and ecological significance, as they relate to cultivation. The requirements for growth of these plants, which are outlined in the test, suggest that productivity rates are dependent primarily on the availability of light and nutrients. It is concluded that the systems should be run with an excess of nutrients and with light as the limiting factor. A historical review of the mass cultivation of aquatic plants describes the techniques used in commercial large-scale operations throughout the world and recent small-scale research efforts. This review presents information on the biomass yields that have been attained to date in various geographical locations with different plant species and culture conditions, emphasizing the contrast between high yields in small-scale operations and lower yields in large-scale operations.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Dynatech R/D Co., Cambridge, MA (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6439395
Report Number(s):
DST-4000-77/1
DOE Contract Number:  
EG-77-C-01-4000
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; ALGAE; BIOLOGY; CULTIVATION; AQUATIC ORGANISMS; BIOMASS PLANTATIONS; PRODUCTIVITY; REVIEWS; AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS; AVAILABILITY; BIOMASS; ECOLOGY; MORPHOLOGY; NUTRIENTS; PLANT GROWTH; PLANTS; SEAWEEDS; VISIBLE RADIATION; YIELDS; DOCUMENT TYPES; ECOSYSTEMS; ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION; ENERGY SOURCES; GROWTH; RADIATIONS; RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES; 140504* - Solar Energy Conversion- Biomass Production & Conversion- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Goldman, J.C., Ryther, J.H., Waaland, R., and Wilson, E.H. Topical report on sources and systems for aquatic plant biomass as an energy resource. United States: N. p., 1977. Web. doi:10.2172/6439395.
Goldman, J.C., Ryther, J.H., Waaland, R., & Wilson, E.H. Topical report on sources and systems for aquatic plant biomass as an energy resource. United States. doi:10.2172/6439395.
Goldman, J.C., Ryther, J.H., Waaland, R., and Wilson, E.H. Fri . "Topical report on sources and systems for aquatic plant biomass as an energy resource". United States. doi:10.2172/6439395. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6439395.
@article{osti_6439395,
title = {Topical report on sources and systems for aquatic plant biomass as an energy resource},
author = {Goldman, J.C. and Ryther, J.H. and Waaland, R. and Wilson, E.H.},
abstractNote = {Background information is documented on the mass cultivation of aquatic plants and systems design that is available from the literature and through consultation with active research scientists and engineers. The biology of microalgae, macroalgae, and aquatic angiosperms is discussed in terms of morphology, life history, mode of existence, and ecological significance, as they relate to cultivation. The requirements for growth of these plants, which are outlined in the test, suggest that productivity rates are dependent primarily on the availability of light and nutrients. It is concluded that the systems should be run with an excess of nutrients and with light as the limiting factor. A historical review of the mass cultivation of aquatic plants describes the techniques used in commercial large-scale operations throughout the world and recent small-scale research efforts. This review presents information on the biomass yields that have been attained to date in various geographical locations with different plant species and culture conditions, emphasizing the contrast between high yields in small-scale operations and lower yields in large-scale operations.},
doi = {10.2172/6439395},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Oct 21 00:00:00 EDT 1977},
month = {Fri Oct 21 00:00:00 EDT 1977}
}

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