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Title: Aerospect operations criteria for mercury thresholds. final report

Abstract

The hazards anticipated from a large scale mercury spill during a possible failure in the preflight and early flight stages of the Space Shuttle were studied. Toxicity thresholds were investigated as well as other consequences of mercury interacting with the environment. Three sites of mercury spill were investigated: land, water, and atmosphere. A laboratory study of interactions between mercury vapor and ozone in a low pressure, high ultraviolet radiation environment approximated the conditions of a mercury vapor release in the ozone layer region of the stratosphere. Clear evidence of an interaction leading to the destruction of ozone by conversion to oxygen was obtained. The impact of a spill on the Earth's environment and methods of early detection of a developing hazard wave of primary concern in the study.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
IIT Research Inst., Chicago, IL (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6428204
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6428204
Report Number(s):
NASA-CR-161996
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: REFS
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; MERCURY; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; SPACE SHUTTLES; ACCIDENTS; HAZARDS; OXYGEN; OZONE; REACTION KINETICS; STRATOSPHERE; TOXIC MATERIALS; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION; VAPORS; WATER POLLUTION; AIRCRAFT; EARTH ATMOSPHERE; ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION; ELEMENTS; FLUIDS; GASES; KINETICS; MATERIALS; METALS; NONMETALS; POLLUTION; RADIATIONS; SPACE VEHICLES; VEHICLES 510100* -- Environment, Terrestrial-- Basic Studies-- (-1989); 500100 -- Environment, Atmospheric-- Basic Studies-- (-1989); 520100 -- Environment, Aquatic-- Basic Studies-- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Katz, S. Aerospect operations criteria for mercury thresholds. final report. United States: N. p., 1979. Web.
Katz, S. Aerospect operations criteria for mercury thresholds. final report. United States.
Katz, S. Thu . "Aerospect operations criteria for mercury thresholds. final report". United States.
@article{osti_6428204,
title = {Aerospect operations criteria for mercury thresholds. final report},
author = {Katz, S.},
abstractNote = {The hazards anticipated from a large scale mercury spill during a possible failure in the preflight and early flight stages of the Space Shuttle were studied. Toxicity thresholds were investigated as well as other consequences of mercury interacting with the environment. Three sites of mercury spill were investigated: land, water, and atmosphere. A laboratory study of interactions between mercury vapor and ozone in a low pressure, high ultraviolet radiation environment approximated the conditions of a mercury vapor release in the ozone layer region of the stratosphere. Clear evidence of an interaction leading to the destruction of ozone by conversion to oxygen was obtained. The impact of a spill on the Earth's environment and methods of early detection of a developing hazard wave of primary concern in the study.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1979},
month = {2}
}

Technical Report:
Other availability
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