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Title: Simulations of laser imprint for Nova experiments and for ignition capsules

Abstract

In direct drive ICF, nonuniformities in laser illumination seed ripples at the ablation front in a process called imprint. These non nonuniformities grow during the capsule implosion and, if initially large enough, can penetrate the capsule shell, impede ignition, or degrade burn. Imprint has been simulated for recent experiments performed on the Nova laser at LLNL examining a variety of beam smoothing conditions. Most used laser intensities similar to the early part of an ignition capsule pulse shape, I=10X13 W/cm3. The simulations matched most of the measurements of imprint modulation. The effect of imprint upon National Ignition Facility (NIF) direct drive ignition capsules has also been simulated. Imprint is predicted to give modulation comparable to an intrinsic surface finish of 10 nm RMS. Modulation growth was examined using the Haan model, with linear growth as a function of spherical harmonic mode number obtained from an analytic dispersion relation. Ablation front amplitudes are predicted to become substantially nonlinear, so that saturation corrections are large. Direct numerical simulations of two- dimensional multimode growth were also performed. The capsule shell is predicted to remain intact, which gives a basis for believing that ignition can be achieved.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
641027
Report Number(s):
UCRL-JC-124547; CONF-961102-
ON: DE98050763; CNN: W-7405-Eng-48
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Meeting of the Division of Plasma Physics of the American Physical Society, Denver, CO (United States), 11-15 Nov 1996; Other Information: PBD: 8 Nov 1996
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION; LASER CAVITIES; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; NOVA FACILITY; LASER IMPLOSIONS; LASER TARGETS; INERTIAL FUSION DRIVERS

Citation Formats

Weber, S V, Glendinning, S G, Kalantar, D H, Key, M H, Remington, B A, Rothenberg, J E, Wolfrum, E, Verdon, C P, and Knauer, J P. Simulations of laser imprint for Nova experiments and for ignition capsules. United States: N. p., 1996. Web.
Weber, S V, Glendinning, S G, Kalantar, D H, Key, M H, Remington, B A, Rothenberg, J E, Wolfrum, E, Verdon, C P, & Knauer, J P. Simulations of laser imprint for Nova experiments and for ignition capsules. United States.
Weber, S V, Glendinning, S G, Kalantar, D H, Key, M H, Remington, B A, Rothenberg, J E, Wolfrum, E, Verdon, C P, and Knauer, J P. Fri . "Simulations of laser imprint for Nova experiments and for ignition capsules". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/641027.
@article{osti_641027,
title = {Simulations of laser imprint for Nova experiments and for ignition capsules},
author = {Weber, S V and Glendinning, S G and Kalantar, D H and Key, M H and Remington, B A and Rothenberg, J E and Wolfrum, E and Verdon, C P and Knauer, J P},
abstractNote = {In direct drive ICF, nonuniformities in laser illumination seed ripples at the ablation front in a process called imprint. These non nonuniformities grow during the capsule implosion and, if initially large enough, can penetrate the capsule shell, impede ignition, or degrade burn. Imprint has been simulated for recent experiments performed on the Nova laser at LLNL examining a variety of beam smoothing conditions. Most used laser intensities similar to the early part of an ignition capsule pulse shape, I=10X13 W/cm3. The simulations matched most of the measurements of imprint modulation. The effect of imprint upon National Ignition Facility (NIF) direct drive ignition capsules has also been simulated. Imprint is predicted to give modulation comparable to an intrinsic surface finish of 10 nm RMS. Modulation growth was examined using the Haan model, with linear growth as a function of spherical harmonic mode number obtained from an analytic dispersion relation. Ablation front amplitudes are predicted to become substantially nonlinear, so that saturation corrections are large. Direct numerical simulations of two- dimensional multimode growth were also performed. The capsule shell is predicted to remain intact, which gives a basis for believing that ignition can be achieved.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1996},
month = {11}
}

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