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Title: Nitrogen fixation (Acetylene Reduction) by annual winter legumes on a coal surface mine

Abstract

The winter annuals, crimson clover, rose clover, subterranean clover and hairy vetch, were evaluated for nitrogen fixing capacity on coal surface mine substrates by measuring their ability to reduce acetylene to ethylene. The effects of fertilizer, Abruzzi rye, Kentucky 31 fescue grass and a phytotoxic plant Chenopodium album on nitrogen fixation were also assessed. Crimson clover was recommended as the best legume to use on topsoil and shale in the south. Hairy vetch gave good results on shale and subterranean clover did well on topsoil. The use of these species for revegetation is discussed. Overall, no correlation between substrate pH and ethylene levels was found and effects of substrate depended upon the legume species. Super phosphate fertilizer supported less nitrogen fixation than 13-13-13. Abruzzi rye in some unknown way inhibited plant density and nitrogen fixation by legumes but not by free living substrate micro-organisms. Shale from under dead Chenopodium plants in both field and greehouse experiments did not inhibit nitrogen fixation. 7 tables.

Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6394536
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6394536
Resource Type:
Book
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; LAND RECLAMATION; REVEGETATION; LEGUMINOSAE; NITROGEN FIXATION; SURFACE MINING; ACETYLENE; CLOVER; COAL MINES; ETHYLENE; FERTILIZERS; PH VALUE; REDUCTION; RYE; VICIA; ALKENES; ALKYNES; CEREALS; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; GRAMINEAE; GRASS; HYDROCARBONS; MINES; MINING; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PLANTS; UNDERGROUND FACILITIES 010900* -- Coal, Lignite, & Peat-- Environmental Aspects; 012000 -- Coal, Lignite, & Peat-- Mining; 510500 -- Environment, Terrestrial-- Site Resource & Use Studies-- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Gabrielson, F.C. Nitrogen fixation (Acetylene Reduction) by annual winter legumes on a coal surface mine. United States: N. p., 1982. Web.
Gabrielson, F.C. Nitrogen fixation (Acetylene Reduction) by annual winter legumes on a coal surface mine. United States.
Gabrielson, F.C. Fri . "Nitrogen fixation (Acetylene Reduction) by annual winter legumes on a coal surface mine". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_6394536,
title = {Nitrogen fixation (Acetylene Reduction) by annual winter legumes on a coal surface mine},
author = {Gabrielson, F.C.},
abstractNote = {The winter annuals, crimson clover, rose clover, subterranean clover and hairy vetch, were evaluated for nitrogen fixing capacity on coal surface mine substrates by measuring their ability to reduce acetylene to ethylene. The effects of fertilizer, Abruzzi rye, Kentucky 31 fescue grass and a phytotoxic plant Chenopodium album on nitrogen fixation were also assessed. Crimson clover was recommended as the best legume to use on topsoil and shale in the south. Hairy vetch gave good results on shale and subterranean clover did well on topsoil. The use of these species for revegetation is discussed. Overall, no correlation between substrate pH and ethylene levels was found and effects of substrate depended upon the legume species. Super phosphate fertilizer supported less nitrogen fixation than 13-13-13. Abruzzi rye in some unknown way inhibited plant density and nitrogen fixation by legumes but not by free living substrate micro-organisms. Shale from under dead Chenopodium plants in both field and greehouse experiments did not inhibit nitrogen fixation. 7 tables.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1982},
month = {Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1982}
}

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  • The winter annuals, crimson clover, rose clover, subterranean clover and hairy vetch, were evaluated for their ability to fix nitrogen on coal surface mine substrates by measuring their ability to reduce acetylene to ethylene. The effects of fertilizer, Abruzzi ryegrass, Kentucky 31 fescue grass and a phytotoxic plant Chenopodium album on nitrogen fixation was also assessed. Crimson clover was recommended as the best legume to use on topsoil and shale in the South. Hairy vetch gave good results on shale and subterranean clover did well on topsoil. The use of these species for revegetation is discussed. Overall, no correlation betweenmore » substrate pH and ethylene levels was found and effects of substrate depended upon the legume species. Super phosphate fertilizer supported less nitrogen fixation than 13-13-13. Abruzzi ryegrass in some unknown way inhibited plant density and nitrogen fixation by legumes but not by free living substrate micro-organisms. Shale from under dead Chenopodium plants in both field and greenhouse experiments did not inhibit nitrogen fixation. 11 references, 7 tables.« less
  • This manual is intended to serve two primary purposes: first, to provide Federal coal mine inspection personnel with guidelines that will aid them in conducting inspections and investigations in accordance with the Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969, and the implementing regulations of Title 30, Code of Federal Regulations, in the preparation of reports thereon, and in applying the provisions of the Act in a proper and uniform manner; and second, to acquaint the coal mining industry, State inspection agencies, Federal agencies, and other interested persons and organizations with the administration of the Act and the implementingmore » regulations by providing them with copies of these guidelines. Details of the various procedures--conducting inspections, respirable dust sampling guidelines, conducting noise surveys, etc.--are included. Part of the Manual covers the mandatory safety standards that have been published in the Federal Register. The guidelines contained in this manual supersede all previous instruction as of May 13, 1974 pertaining to the same subject category. (MCW)« less
  • The bill provides financial assistance to surface mining operations which will not exceed 300,000 tons annual production. The cost of the following activities shall be assumed by the regulatory authority upon request of the operator in connection with a permit application: determination of probable hydrologic consequences; the development of cross-section maps and plans; geologic drilling and statement of results of test borings; collection of archeological information; pre-blast surveys; collection of site-specific resource information and production of protection and enhancement plans for fish and wildlife habitats; and the collection and analysis of geological and hydrologic data requested by the operator.
  • For surface coal mines with less than an annual production of 300,000 tons, the cost of the following activities shall be assumed by the regulatory authority upon request of the operator in connection with a permit application: determination of probable hydrologic consequences required by law; development of cross-section maps and plans required; geologic drilling and statement of results of test borings and core samplings required; collection of archeological information required; pre-blast surveys; collection of site-specific resource information and production of protection and enhancement plans for fish and wildlife habitats and other environmental values required; collection and analysis of geological andmore » hydrologic data requested by the operator. If annual production during the 12 months immediately following the date on which the operator is issued a surface coal mining and reclamation permit exceeds 300,000 tons, the operator is required to reimburse the regulatory authority for the cost of the service rendered.« less
  • If the probable total annual production at all locations of a coal surface mining operator does not exceed 300,000 tons, the cost of the following activities, required by subsections of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act, will be assumed by the regulatory authority upon written request: determination of hydrologic consequences, development of cross-section maps and plans, geologic drilling and statement of results of test borings and core samplings, collection of archeological information, pre-blast surveys, collection of site-specific resource information and production of protection and enhancement plans for fish and wildlife habitats, and the collection and analysis of geological andmore » hydrologic data.« less