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Title: Evaluation of pilot-scale pollution control devices for hazardous-waste incineration

Abstract

The paper summarizes the results of emission tests carried out on three pilot-scale air pollution-control devices. The units were connected to a slip stream from the ENSCO, Inc. hazardous-waste incinerator at El Dorado, Arkansas. The three units were a Hydro Sonic System wet scrubber; an ETS dry scrubber; and a Vulcan Engineering Company high temperature baghouse. The units were evaluated for their capability in removing particulate matter and HCl. Full discussion of the testing program and results is in an EPA report, Evaluation of Air Pollution Control Devices for Hazardous Waste Combustion, now undergoing final review in the Agency.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH (USA). Hazardous Waste Engineering Research Lab.
OSTI Identifier:
6394209
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6394209
Report Number(s):
PB-86-102654/XAB
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; AIR POLLUTION CONTROL; POLLUTION CONTROL EQUIPMENT; HAZARDOUS MATERIALS; COMBUSTION PRODUCTS; INCINERATORS; PILOT PLANTS; BAGHOUSES; PARTICLES; SCRUBBERS; CONTROL; EQUIPMENT; FUNCTIONAL MODELS; MATERIALS; POLLUTION CONTROL 500200* -- Environment, Atmospheric-- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport-- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Freeman, H.M., and Olexsey, R.A.. Evaluation of pilot-scale pollution control devices for hazardous-waste incineration. United States: N. p., 1985. Web.
Freeman, H.M., & Olexsey, R.A.. Evaluation of pilot-scale pollution control devices for hazardous-waste incineration. United States.
Freeman, H.M., and Olexsey, R.A.. Sun . "Evaluation of pilot-scale pollution control devices for hazardous-waste incineration". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_6394209,
title = {Evaluation of pilot-scale pollution control devices for hazardous-waste incineration},
author = {Freeman, H.M. and Olexsey, R.A.},
abstractNote = {The paper summarizes the results of emission tests carried out on three pilot-scale air pollution-control devices. The units were connected to a slip stream from the ENSCO, Inc. hazardous-waste incinerator at El Dorado, Arkansas. The three units were a Hydro Sonic System wet scrubber; an ETS dry scrubber; and a Vulcan Engineering Company high temperature baghouse. The units were evaluated for their capability in removing particulate matter and HCl. Full discussion of the testing program and results is in an EPA report, Evaluation of Air Pollution Control Devices for Hazardous Waste Combustion, now undergoing final review in the Agency.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 1985},
month = {Sun Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 1985}
}

Technical Report:
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  • Pilot-scale air-pollution control devices supplied by Hydro-Sonic Systems, ETS, Inc., and Vulcan Engineering Company were installed at the ENSCO, Inc. Incinerator in El Dorado, Arkansas, in the spring of 1984. Each of these units treated an uncontrolled slipstream of the incinerator exhaust gas. Simultaneous measurement of the total particulate and HCl in the gas streams were made at the inlet to and exit from the units using an EPA Method 5 sampling train. Particle sizing at both locations using Andersen impactors was also done. The units supplied by Hydro-Sonics Systems and ETS, Inc. exhibited a high degree of HCl andmore » particulate matter control. The Hydro-Sonic Tandem Nozzle SuperSub Model 100 gave the best overall performance for HCl and particulate control and ability to accommodate the variable composition of the exhaust gas.« less
  • The project report describes the results of a program for the testing of two pilot-scale pollution control devices, a fabric filter, and a venturi scrubber at the Braintree, Massachusetts Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator. It includes operation, sampling, and analytical efforts and outlines the plant operating conditions at the time of testing of the two pilot control devices. The Braintree Municipal Incinerator is a mass-burn, water-wall type consisting of two furnaces, each designed to burn 4.7 Mg (5 tons) per hour of unprocessed refuse.
  • The project report describes the operation of pilot-scale air-pollution-control devices to gather data on air pollution efficiency versus several different operating parameters on various waste-as-fuel combustion processes. It also includes a test of a full scale fabric filter used to control dust emissions. The refuse-derived fuel is burned, along with pulverized coal, in a suspension-fired boiler. The pilot device testing program involved the evaluation of pollutant-removal efficiency of a mobile electrostatic precipitator (ESP) and a mobile scrubber.
  • The report is issued in two volumes. Volume 1 is entitled Single-Droplet Studies of Surrogate Hazardous-Waste Incineration; Volume 2 is entitled Research and Development of Methods for the Engineering Evaluation and Control of Toxic Airborne Effluents, and consists of two parts: (1) Transport of Volatile Organic Compounds; and (2) Volatile Organic Compound Emissions from Soils. Vol. 1 describes research to characterize the burning and vaporization of single droplets of various chlorinated hydrocarbons, to develop a single droplet incinerability ranking methodology which could complement existing incinerability ranking methodologies. Thus ranked, the chlorinated hydrocarbons could be used in the treatment and disposalmore » of hazardous wastes through hazardous-waste incineration. Part 1 of Volume 2 attempts to quantify emissions of volatile organic compounds from oil sumps; Part 2 describes the volatilization of fuel components from leaking underground gasoline-storage tanks.« less
  • Three commonly practiced commercial treatment processes were investigated for the removal of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from hazardous waste: thin-film evaporation, steam stripping, and fractional distillation. The data collected included limitations of the treatment technology, the VOC removal effectiveness, the characteristics of residuals, and cost information. Three thin-film evaporators were evaluated, each treating different types of wastes. There was a large variation in the amount of highly volatile compounds removed by the technique, depending upon the boiling temperature of the waste stream. Four waste streams were treated in a batch-steam stripper. Over 90% VOC removal was obtained in all fourmore » cases. Two aqueous/organic waste streams were treated using fractional distillation and over 90% VOC removal was obtained in both cases.« less