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Title: Heat-transfer measurements of the 1983 Kilauea lava flow

Abstract

Convective heat flow measurements of a basaltic lava flow were made during the 1983 eruption of Kilauea volcano in Hawaii. Eight field measurements of induced natural convection were made, giving heat flux values that ranged from 1.78 to 8.09 kilowatts per square meter at lava temperatures of 1088 and 1128 degrees Celsius, respectively. These field measurements of convective heat flux at subliquidus temperatures agree with previous laboratory measurements in furnace-melted samples of molten lava, and are useful for predicting heat transfer in magma bodies and for estimating heat extraction rates for magma energy.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
6376612
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Science (Washington, D.C.); (United States); Journal Volume: 222; Journal Issue: 4619
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
15 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY; 58 GEOSCIENCES; KILAUEA VOLCANO; LAVA; HEAT TRANSFER; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; GEOTHERMAL ENERGY; MAGMA; VOLCANISM; DATA; ENERGY; ENERGY SOURCES; ENERGY TRANSFER; INFORMATION; NUMERICAL DATA; RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES; VOLCANOES; 150100* - Geothermal Energy- Resources & Availability; 580202 - Geophysics- Volcanology- (1980-1989)

Citation Formats

Hardee, H.C.. Heat-transfer measurements of the 1983 Kilauea lava flow. United States: N. p., 1983. Web. doi:10.1126/science.222.4619.47-a.
Hardee, H.C.. Heat-transfer measurements of the 1983 Kilauea lava flow. United States. doi:10.1126/science.222.4619.47-a.
Hardee, H.C.. Fri . "Heat-transfer measurements of the 1983 Kilauea lava flow". United States. doi:10.1126/science.222.4619.47-a.
@article{osti_6376612,
title = {Heat-transfer measurements of the 1983 Kilauea lava flow},
author = {Hardee, H.C.},
abstractNote = {Convective heat flow measurements of a basaltic lava flow were made during the 1983 eruption of Kilauea volcano in Hawaii. Eight field measurements of induced natural convection were made, giving heat flux values that ranged from 1.78 to 8.09 kilowatts per square meter at lava temperatures of 1088 and 1128 degrees Celsius, respectively. These field measurements of convective heat flux at subliquidus temperatures agree with previous laboratory measurements in furnace-melted samples of molten lava, and are useful for predicting heat transfer in magma bodies and for estimating heat extraction rates for magma energy.},
doi = {10.1126/science.222.4619.47-a},
journal = {Science (Washington, D.C.); (United States)},
number = 4619,
volume = 222,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Oct 07 00:00:00 EDT 1983},
month = {Fri Oct 07 00:00:00 EDT 1983}
}