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Title: TEAM (Total Exposure Assessment Methodology) Study: personal exposures to toxic substances in air, drinking water, and breath of 400 residents of New Jersey, North Carolina, and North Dakota

Abstract

EPA's TEAM Study has measured exposures to 20 volatile organic compounds in personal air, outdoor air, drinking water, and breath of approximately 400 residents of New Jersey, North Carolina, and North Dakota. All residents were selected by a probability sampling scheme to represent 128,000 inhabitants of Elizabeth and Bayonne, New Jersey, 131,000 residents of Greensboro, North Carolina, and 7000 residents of Devils Lake, North Dakota. Participants carried a personal monitor to collect two 12-hr air samples and gave a breath sample at the end of the day. Two consecutive 12-hr outdoor air samples were also collected on identical Tenax cartridges in the backyards of some of the participants. About 5000 samples were collected, of which 1500 were quality control samples. Ten compounds were often present in personal air and breath samples at all locations. Personal exposures were consistently higher than outdoor concentrations for these chemicals and were sometimes 10 times the outdoor concentrations. Indoor sources appeared to be responsible for much of the difference. Breath concentrations also often exceeded outdoor concentrations and correlated more strongly with personal exposures than with outdoor concentrations. Some activities (smoking, visiting dry cleaners or service stations) and occupations (chemical, paint, and plastics plants) were associatedmore » with significantly elevated exposures and breath levels for certain toxic chemicals. Homes with smokers had significantly increased benzene and styrene levels in indoor air. Residence near major point sources did not affect exposure.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC
OSTI Identifier:
6367096
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Environ. Res.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 43:2
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; BENZENE; POLLUTION SOURCES; TOXICITY; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; STYRENE; AIR POLLUTION; AIR POLLUTION MONITORING; DRINKING WATER; INDOOR AIR POLLUTION; MAN; NEW JERSEY; NORTH CAROLINA; NORTH DAKOTA; PROBABILITY; RESPIRATION; US EPA; VOLATILITY; WATER POLLUTION; ALKYLATED AROMATICS; ANIMALS; AROMATICS; FEDERAL REGION II; FEDERAL REGION IV; FEDERAL REGION VIII; HYDROCARBONS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; MAMMALS; NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS; NORTH AMERICA; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION; PRIMATES; US ORGANIZATIONS; USA; VERTEBRATES; WATER; 560300* - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology; 500200 - Environment, Atmospheric- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (-1989); 520200 - Environment, Aquatic- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Wallace, L A, Pellizzari, E D, Hartwell, T D, Sparacino, C, Whitmore, R, Sheldon, L, Zelon, H, and Perritt, R. TEAM (Total Exposure Assessment Methodology) Study: personal exposures to toxic substances in air, drinking water, and breath of 400 residents of New Jersey, North Carolina, and North Dakota. United States: N. p., 1987. Web.
Wallace, L A, Pellizzari, E D, Hartwell, T D, Sparacino, C, Whitmore, R, Sheldon, L, Zelon, H, & Perritt, R. TEAM (Total Exposure Assessment Methodology) Study: personal exposures to toxic substances in air, drinking water, and breath of 400 residents of New Jersey, North Carolina, and North Dakota. United States.
Wallace, L A, Pellizzari, E D, Hartwell, T D, Sparacino, C, Whitmore, R, Sheldon, L, Zelon, H, and Perritt, R. 1987. "TEAM (Total Exposure Assessment Methodology) Study: personal exposures to toxic substances in air, drinking water, and breath of 400 residents of New Jersey, North Carolina, and North Dakota". United States.
@article{osti_6367096,
title = {TEAM (Total Exposure Assessment Methodology) Study: personal exposures to toxic substances in air, drinking water, and breath of 400 residents of New Jersey, North Carolina, and North Dakota},
author = {Wallace, L A and Pellizzari, E D and Hartwell, T D and Sparacino, C and Whitmore, R and Sheldon, L and Zelon, H and Perritt, R},
abstractNote = {EPA's TEAM Study has measured exposures to 20 volatile organic compounds in personal air, outdoor air, drinking water, and breath of approximately 400 residents of New Jersey, North Carolina, and North Dakota. All residents were selected by a probability sampling scheme to represent 128,000 inhabitants of Elizabeth and Bayonne, New Jersey, 131,000 residents of Greensboro, North Carolina, and 7000 residents of Devils Lake, North Dakota. Participants carried a personal monitor to collect two 12-hr air samples and gave a breath sample at the end of the day. Two consecutive 12-hr outdoor air samples were also collected on identical Tenax cartridges in the backyards of some of the participants. About 5000 samples were collected, of which 1500 were quality control samples. Ten compounds were often present in personal air and breath samples at all locations. Personal exposures were consistently higher than outdoor concentrations for these chemicals and were sometimes 10 times the outdoor concentrations. Indoor sources appeared to be responsible for much of the difference. Breath concentrations also often exceeded outdoor concentrations and correlated more strongly with personal exposures than with outdoor concentrations. Some activities (smoking, visiting dry cleaners or service stations) and occupations (chemical, paint, and plastics plants) were associated with significantly elevated exposures and breath levels for certain toxic chemicals. Homes with smokers had significantly increased benzene and styrene levels in indoor air. Residence near major point sources did not affect exposure.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/6367096}, journal = {Environ. Res.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 43:2,
place = {United States},
year = {1987},
month = {8}
}