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Title: SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project: Chicago Bridge and Iron Company. System design final report. Volume 1. Design report

Abstract

Chicago Bridge and Iron Company (CBI), based on a demonstrated breakthrough in freeze desalination is proposing an indirect bulk freeze desalination process for seawater that is uniquely integrated with a stand alone solar cogeneration power plant. Working under SOLERAS auspices, CBI and Foster Miller Associates (FMA) have designed an integrated power system consisting of modular parabolic dish point focus solar energy collection, molten salt thermal energy storage, and a conventional steam turbine. The shaft power provides electrical energy needs via a generator and vapor compression energy needs via compressors. The vapor compression and turbine exhaust heat provide the refrigeration required for the unique freeze desalination process. Efficient energy utilization is achieved by using high grade heat to produce compression refrigeration. The flexibility of this system in making use of available energy and certain inherent advantages of the freeze desalination process make it very attractive. The desalination process includes seawater precooling and freezing, ice separation, washing, and melting to produce fresh water. Brine concentrate is rejected back to the sea after heat exchange with feed seawater.

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Midwest Research Inst., Kansas City, MO (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6355423
Report Number(s):
MRI/SOL-0405-01
ON: DE86005639
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-83CH10093
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Portions of this document are illegible in microfiche products. Original copy available until stock is exhausted
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; DESALINATION PLANTS; DESIGN; COST ESTIMATION; DATA ACQUISITION; DESALINATION; ENGINEERING DRAWINGS; FREEZING; MAINTENANCE; MOLTEN SALTS; OPERATION; PARABOLIC DISH COLLECTORS; PERFORMANCE; PROGRAM MANAGEMENT; SEAWATER; SPECIFICATIONS; STEAM TURBINES; THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE EQUIPMENT; VAPOR COMPRESSION REFRIGERATION CYCLE; CONCENTRATING COLLECTORS; DEMINERALIZATION; DIAGRAMS; EQUIPMENT; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; INDUSTRIAL PLANTS; MACHINERY; MANAGEMENT; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PARABOLIC COLLECTORS; SALTS; SEPARATION PROCESSES; SOLAR COLLECTORS; SOLAR EQUIPMENT; TURBINES; TURBOMACHINERY; WATER; 140909* - Solar Thermal Utilization- Miscellaneous Solar Applications- (1980-); 141000 - Solar Collectors & Concentrators; 142000 - Solar Energy- Heat Storage- (1980-)

Citation Formats

. SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project: Chicago Bridge and Iron Company. System design final report. Volume 1. Design report. United States: N. p., 1986. Web.
. SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project: Chicago Bridge and Iron Company. System design final report. Volume 1. Design report. United States.
. Wed . "SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project: Chicago Bridge and Iron Company. System design final report. Volume 1. Design report". United States.
@article{osti_6355423,
title = {SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project: Chicago Bridge and Iron Company. System design final report. Volume 1. Design report},
author = {},
abstractNote = {Chicago Bridge and Iron Company (CBI), based on a demonstrated breakthrough in freeze desalination is proposing an indirect bulk freeze desalination process for seawater that is uniquely integrated with a stand alone solar cogeneration power plant. Working under SOLERAS auspices, CBI and Foster Miller Associates (FMA) have designed an integrated power system consisting of modular parabolic dish point focus solar energy collection, molten salt thermal energy storage, and a conventional steam turbine. The shaft power provides electrical energy needs via a generator and vapor compression energy needs via compressors. The vapor compression and turbine exhaust heat provide the refrigeration required for the unique freeze desalination process. Efficient energy utilization is achieved by using high grade heat to produce compression refrigeration. The flexibility of this system in making use of available energy and certain inherent advantages of the freeze desalination process make it very attractive. The desalination process includes seawater precooling and freezing, ice separation, washing, and melting to produce fresh water. Brine concentrate is rejected back to the sea after heat exchange with feed seawater.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1986},
month = {1}
}

Technical Report:
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