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Title: Tectonic significance of Ross Pass fault zone, central Bridger Range, MT

Abstract

The Ross Pass fault zone (RPFZ) in the central Bridger Range marks the boundary between Proterozoic Belt Supergroup rocks to the north and Archean metamorphic rocks to the south, and may represent the overlap of two Laramide styles of deformation: thin-skinned fold and thrust deformation to the north and basement-involved foreland deformation to the south. The fault zone consists of three northwest-trending, northeast-dipping, oblique-slip thrust faults with varying amounts of dispacement. The middle thrust, the Pass fault, is the most extensive within the zone; to the west, the Proterozoic LaHood Formation is faulted against Archean quartzo-feldspathic gneisses and amphibolites and overlying Middle and Upper Cambrian strata. Displacement decreases eastward as the fault offsets the lower Paleozoic section and dies out within the upper Paleozoic strata. This variation in displacement is caused by folding within the hanging wall strata along the fault plane during thrusting. The folded strata are again offset by another smaller thrust to the northeast, the Peak fault, which may have originated as an out-of-the-syncline thrust. The structural relationships along the RPFZ developed as the southeast margin of the Montana salient of the Cordilleran fold and thrust belt impinged on the northern margin of the Laramide foreland province.more » The relatively small displacement within the thrusts indicates that the RPFZ is within or near the leading edge of the Montana salient. The RPFZ may be an extension of the inferred ancestral Willow Creek fault zone to the west, which was the southern margin of the Proterozoic Belt basin. Laramide compressional stresses exploited this long active zone of weakness and resulted in the impingement of fold and thrust structures upon a foreland uplift.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Montana State Univ., Bozeman
OSTI Identifier:
6351489
Report Number(s):
CONF-8309274-
Journal ID: CODEN: AAPGB
Resource Type:
Conference
Journal Name:
Am. Assoc. Pet. Geol., Bull.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 67:8; Conference: AAPG Rocky Mountain Section meeting, Billings, MT, USA, 18 Sep 1983
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; GEOLOGIC FAULTS; TECTONICS; MONTANA; GEOLOGIC HISTORY; FEDERAL REGION VIII; GEOLOGIC FRACTURES; GEOLOGIC STRUCTURES; NORTH AMERICA; USA; 580201* - Geophysics- Seismology & Tectonics- (1980-1989)

Citation Formats

Craiglow, C. Tectonic significance of Ross Pass fault zone, central Bridger Range, MT. United States: N. p., 1983. Web.
Craiglow, C. Tectonic significance of Ross Pass fault zone, central Bridger Range, MT. United States.
Craiglow, C. Mon . "Tectonic significance of Ross Pass fault zone, central Bridger Range, MT". United States.
@article{osti_6351489,
title = {Tectonic significance of Ross Pass fault zone, central Bridger Range, MT},
author = {Craiglow, C},
abstractNote = {The Ross Pass fault zone (RPFZ) in the central Bridger Range marks the boundary between Proterozoic Belt Supergroup rocks to the north and Archean metamorphic rocks to the south, and may represent the overlap of two Laramide styles of deformation: thin-skinned fold and thrust deformation to the north and basement-involved foreland deformation to the south. The fault zone consists of three northwest-trending, northeast-dipping, oblique-slip thrust faults with varying amounts of dispacement. The middle thrust, the Pass fault, is the most extensive within the zone; to the west, the Proterozoic LaHood Formation is faulted against Archean quartzo-feldspathic gneisses and amphibolites and overlying Middle and Upper Cambrian strata. Displacement decreases eastward as the fault offsets the lower Paleozoic section and dies out within the upper Paleozoic strata. This variation in displacement is caused by folding within the hanging wall strata along the fault plane during thrusting. The folded strata are again offset by another smaller thrust to the northeast, the Peak fault, which may have originated as an out-of-the-syncline thrust. The structural relationships along the RPFZ developed as the southeast margin of the Montana salient of the Cordilleran fold and thrust belt impinged on the northern margin of the Laramide foreland province. The relatively small displacement within the thrusts indicates that the RPFZ is within or near the leading edge of the Montana salient. The RPFZ may be an extension of the inferred ancestral Willow Creek fault zone to the west, which was the southern margin of the Proterozoic Belt basin. Laramide compressional stresses exploited this long active zone of weakness and resulted in the impingement of fold and thrust structures upon a foreland uplift.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/6351489}, journal = {Am. Assoc. Pet. Geol., Bull.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 67:8,
place = {United States},
year = {1983},
month = {8}
}

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