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Title: Northern Marshall Islands radiological survey: sampling and analysis summary

Abstract

A radiological survey was conducted in the Northern Marshall Islands to document reamining external gamma exposures from nuclear tests conducted at Enewetak and Bikini Atolls. An additional program was later included to obtain terrestrial and marine samples for radiological dose assessment for current or potential atoll inhabitants. This report is the first of a series summarizing the results from the terrestrial and marine surveys. The sample collection and processing procedures and the general survey methodology are discussed; a summary of the collected samples and radionuclide analyses is presented. Over 5400 samples were collected from the 12 atolls and 2 islands and prepared for analysis including 3093 soil, 961 vegetation, 153 animal, 965 fish composite samples (average of 30 fish per sample), 101 clam, 50 lagoon water, 15 cistern water, 17 groundwater, and 85 lagoon sediment samples. A complete breakdown by sample type, atoll, and island is given here. The total number of analyses by radionuclide are 8840 for /sup 241/Am, 6569 for /sup 137/Cs, 4535 for /sup 239 +240/Pu, 4431 for /sup 90/Sr, 1146 for /sup 238/Pu, 269 for /sup 241/Pu, and 114 each for /sup 239/Pu and /sup 240/Pu. A complete breakdown by sample category, atoll or island, andmore » radionuclide is also included.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6315908
Report Number(s):
UCRL-52853-Pt.1
ON: DE81029429; TRN: 81-016186
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; AMERICIUM 241; RADIATION MONITORING; ANIMALS; RADIOACTIVITY; CESIUM 137; FISHES; MARSHALL ISLANDS; PLANTS; PLUTONIUM 238; PLUTONIUM 239; PLUTONIUM 240; PLUTONIUM 241; SOILS; STRONTIUM 90; AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS; BIKINI; DATA COMPILATION; ENIWETOK; GAMMA RADIATION; GAMMA SPECTROSCOPY; GROUND WATER; RADIATION DOSES; SEDIMENTS; SURFACE WATERS; TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS; ACTINIDE ISOTOPES; ACTINIDE NUCLEI; ALKALI METAL ISOTOPES; ALKALINE EARTH ISOTOPES; ALPHA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; AMERICIUM ISOTOPES; AQUATIC ORGANISMS; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-MINUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; CESIUM ISOTOPES; DATA; DOSES; ECOSYSTEMS; ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION; EVEN-EVEN NUCLEI; EVEN-ODD NUCLEI; HEAVY NUCLEI; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; INFORMATION; INTERMEDIATE MASS NUCLEI; IONIZING RADIATIONS; ISLANDS; ISOTOPES; MICRONESIA; MONITORING; NUCLEI; NUMERICAL DATA; OCEANIA; ODD-EVEN NUCLEI; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PLUTONIUM ISOTOPES; RADIATIONS; RADIOISOTOPES; SPECTROSCOPY; STRONTIUM ISOTOPES; VERTEBRATES; WATER; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; 520300* - Environment, Aquatic- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport- (1989); 510300 - Environment, Terrestrial- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport- (-1989); 560170 - Radiation Effects- Nuclide Kinetics & Toxicology- (-1987)

Citation Formats

Robison, W. L., Conrado, C. L., Eagle, R. J., and Stuart, M. L. Northern Marshall Islands radiological survey: sampling and analysis summary. United States: N. p., 1981. Web. doi:10.2172/6315908.
Robison, W. L., Conrado, C. L., Eagle, R. J., & Stuart, M. L. Northern Marshall Islands radiological survey: sampling and analysis summary. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/6315908
Robison, W. L., Conrado, C. L., Eagle, R. J., and Stuart, M. L. 1981. "Northern Marshall Islands radiological survey: sampling and analysis summary". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/6315908. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6315908.
@article{osti_6315908,
title = {Northern Marshall Islands radiological survey: sampling and analysis summary},
author = {Robison, W. L. and Conrado, C. L. and Eagle, R. J. and Stuart, M. L.},
abstractNote = {A radiological survey was conducted in the Northern Marshall Islands to document reamining external gamma exposures from nuclear tests conducted at Enewetak and Bikini Atolls. An additional program was later included to obtain terrestrial and marine samples for radiological dose assessment for current or potential atoll inhabitants. This report is the first of a series summarizing the results from the terrestrial and marine surveys. The sample collection and processing procedures and the general survey methodology are discussed; a summary of the collected samples and radionuclide analyses is presented. Over 5400 samples were collected from the 12 atolls and 2 islands and prepared for analysis including 3093 soil, 961 vegetation, 153 animal, 965 fish composite samples (average of 30 fish per sample), 101 clam, 50 lagoon water, 15 cistern water, 17 groundwater, and 85 lagoon sediment samples. A complete breakdown by sample type, atoll, and island is given here. The total number of analyses by radionuclide are 8840 for /sup 241/Am, 6569 for /sup 137/Cs, 4535 for /sup 239 +240/Pu, 4431 for /sup 90/Sr, 1146 for /sup 238/Pu, 269 for /sup 241/Pu, and 114 each for /sup 239/Pu and /sup 240/Pu. A complete breakdown by sample category, atoll or island, and radionuclide is also included.},
doi = {10.2172/6315908},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/6315908}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1981},
month = {7}
}