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Title: Shock temperatures of SiO/sub 2/ and their geophysical implications

Abstract

The temperature of SiO/sub 2/ in high-pressure shock states has been measured for samples of single-crystal ..cap alpha..-quartz and fused quartz. Pressures between 60 and 140 GPa have been studied using projectile impact and optical pyrometry techniques at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Both data sets indicate the occurrence of a shock-induced phase transformation at approx.70 and approx.50 GPa along the ..cap alpha..- and fused quartz Hugoniots, respectively. The suggested identification of this transformation is the melting of shock-synthesized stishovite, with the onset of melting delayed by metastable superheating of the crystalline phase. Some evidence for this transition in conventional shock wave equation of state data is given, and when these data are combined with the shock temperature data, it is possible to construct the stishovite-liquid phase boundaries. The melting temperature of stishovite near 70 GPa pressure is found to be 4500 K, and melting in this vicinity is accompanied by a relative volume change and latent heat of fusion of approx.2.7% and approx.2.4 MJ/kg, respectively. The solid stishovite Hugoniot centered on ..cap alpha..-quartz is well described by the linear shock velocity-particle velocity relation, u/sub s/ = 1.822 u/sub p/+1.370 km/s, while at pressures above the melting transition, the Hugoniot centeredmore » on ..cap alpha..-quartz has been fit with u/sub s/ = 1.619 u/sub p/+2.049 km/s up to a pressure of approx.200 GPa. The melting temperature of stishovite near 100 GPa suggests an approximate limit of 3500 K for the melting temperature of SiO/sub 2/-bearing solid mantle mineral assemblages, all of which are believed to contain Si/sup 4 +/ in octahedral coordination with O/sup 2 -/. Thus 3500 K is proposed as an approximate upper limit to the melting point and the actual temperature in the earth's mantle.« less

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Seismological Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125
OSTI Identifier:
6303537
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
J. Geophys. Res.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 88:B3
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; QUARTZ; MELTING; SHOCK WAVES; COMPRESSION; EARTH MANTLE; STISHOVITE; VERY HIGH PRESSURE; CHALCOGENIDES; MINERALS; OXIDE MINERALS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; SILICON COMPOUNDS; SILICON OXIDES; 580300* - Mineralogy, Petrology, & Rock Mechanics- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Lyzenga, G A, Ahrens, T J, and Mitchell, A C. Shock temperatures of SiO/sub 2/ and their geophysical implications. United States: N. p., 1983. Web. doi:10.1029/JB088iB03p02431.
Lyzenga, G A, Ahrens, T J, & Mitchell, A C. Shock temperatures of SiO/sub 2/ and their geophysical implications. United States. doi:10.1029/JB088iB03p02431.
Lyzenga, G A, Ahrens, T J, and Mitchell, A C. Thu . "Shock temperatures of SiO/sub 2/ and their geophysical implications". United States. doi:10.1029/JB088iB03p02431.
@article{osti_6303537,
title = {Shock temperatures of SiO/sub 2/ and their geophysical implications},
author = {Lyzenga, G A and Ahrens, T J and Mitchell, A C},
abstractNote = {The temperature of SiO/sub 2/ in high-pressure shock states has been measured for samples of single-crystal ..cap alpha..-quartz and fused quartz. Pressures between 60 and 140 GPa have been studied using projectile impact and optical pyrometry techniques at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Both data sets indicate the occurrence of a shock-induced phase transformation at approx.70 and approx.50 GPa along the ..cap alpha..- and fused quartz Hugoniots, respectively. The suggested identification of this transformation is the melting of shock-synthesized stishovite, with the onset of melting delayed by metastable superheating of the crystalline phase. Some evidence for this transition in conventional shock wave equation of state data is given, and when these data are combined with the shock temperature data, it is possible to construct the stishovite-liquid phase boundaries. The melting temperature of stishovite near 70 GPa pressure is found to be 4500 K, and melting in this vicinity is accompanied by a relative volume change and latent heat of fusion of approx.2.7% and approx.2.4 MJ/kg, respectively. The solid stishovite Hugoniot centered on ..cap alpha..-quartz is well described by the linear shock velocity-particle velocity relation, u/sub s/ = 1.822 u/sub p/+1.370 km/s, while at pressures above the melting transition, the Hugoniot centered on ..cap alpha..-quartz has been fit with u/sub s/ = 1.619 u/sub p/+2.049 km/s up to a pressure of approx.200 GPa. The melting temperature of stishovite near 100 GPa suggests an approximate limit of 3500 K for the melting temperature of SiO/sub 2/-bearing solid mantle mineral assemblages, all of which are believed to contain Si/sup 4 +/ in octahedral coordination with O/sup 2 -/. Thus 3500 K is proposed as an approximate upper limit to the melting point and the actual temperature in the earth's mantle.},
doi = {10.1029/JB088iB03p02431},
journal = {J. Geophys. Res.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 88:B3,
place = {United States},
year = {1983},
month = {3}
}