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Title: Experiment plan for characterization of the properties of molten rock at atmospheric and elevated pressures: Magma Energy Research Project

Abstract

Knowledge of the properties of molten rock (magma) is of importance to the Magma Energy Research Project of Sandia Laboratories. Facilities have been set up at Sandia to study the physical properties, chemistry, and corrosive nature of magma to 1600/sup 0/C and from atmospheric pressure to 4 kbar (400 MPa). Experiments at atmospheric pressure are being done in the presence of multicomponent gas mixtures to control the chemical activities of oxygen and sulfur. The high-pressure apparatus includes cold-seal small-volume pressure vessels (to 1100/sup 0/C and 1 kbar) and a large (750 cm/sup 3/ sample volume), internally heated pressure vessel (to 1600/sup 0/C and 4 kbar). The large vessel contains a number of penetrations for electrical leads and pressure lines, and is linked to a computer for data acquisition and control of experiments. Water and other dissolved volatiles (CO/sub 2/, CO, SO/sub 2/, S/sub 2/, H/sub 2/S, HCl, HF) have significant effects on all the properties of magma, and these effects will be studied in the high-pressure apparatus. Phase equilibria, viscosity, electrical conductivity, and materials compatibility will be the first properties to be examined under pressure. This report includes a review of the nature and chemical basis for the effects ofmore » dissolved volatiles on these properties of magma. 70 references, 10 figures.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6292156
Report Number(s):
SAND-78-2227
DOE Contract Number:  
EY-76-C-04-0789
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; 15 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY; MAGMA; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; PHYSICAL PROPERTIES; CORROSIVE EFFECTS; EQUIPMENT; EXPERIMENT PLANNING; MEDIUM PRESSURE; PRESSURE VESSELS; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; VERY HIGH PRESSURE; VERY HIGH TEMPERATURE; VOLATILE MATTER; CONTAINERS; IGNEOUS ROCKS; PLANNING; ROCKS; Geothermal Legacy; 580300* - Mineralogy, Petrology, & Rock Mechanics- (-1989); 152002 - Geothermal Data & Theory- Properties of Minerals & Rocks

Citation Formats

Modreski, P.J. Experiment plan for characterization of the properties of molten rock at atmospheric and elevated pressures: Magma Energy Research Project. United States: N. p., 1979. Web. doi:10.2172/6292156.
Modreski, P.J. Experiment plan for characterization of the properties of molten rock at atmospheric and elevated pressures: Magma Energy Research Project. United States. doi:10.2172/6292156.
Modreski, P.J. Thu . "Experiment plan for characterization of the properties of molten rock at atmospheric and elevated pressures: Magma Energy Research Project". United States. doi:10.2172/6292156. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6292156.
@article{osti_6292156,
title = {Experiment plan for characterization of the properties of molten rock at atmospheric and elevated pressures: Magma Energy Research Project},
author = {Modreski, P.J.},
abstractNote = {Knowledge of the properties of molten rock (magma) is of importance to the Magma Energy Research Project of Sandia Laboratories. Facilities have been set up at Sandia to study the physical properties, chemistry, and corrosive nature of magma to 1600/sup 0/C and from atmospheric pressure to 4 kbar (400 MPa). Experiments at atmospheric pressure are being done in the presence of multicomponent gas mixtures to control the chemical activities of oxygen and sulfur. The high-pressure apparatus includes cold-seal small-volume pressure vessels (to 1100/sup 0/C and 1 kbar) and a large (750 cm/sup 3/ sample volume), internally heated pressure vessel (to 1600/sup 0/C and 4 kbar). The large vessel contains a number of penetrations for electrical leads and pressure lines, and is linked to a computer for data acquisition and control of experiments. Water and other dissolved volatiles (CO/sub 2/, CO, SO/sub 2/, S/sub 2/, H/sub 2/S, HCl, HF) have significant effects on all the properties of magma, and these effects will be studied in the high-pressure apparatus. Phase equilibria, viscosity, electrical conductivity, and materials compatibility will be the first properties to be examined under pressure. This report includes a review of the nature and chemical basis for the effects of dissolved volatiles on these properties of magma. 70 references, 10 figures.},
doi = {10.2172/6292156},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1979},
month = {2}
}