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Title: Active control of 2/1 magnetic islands in a tokamak

Abstract

Closed and open loop control techniques were applied to growing m/n=2/1 rotating islands in wall-stabilized plasmas in the High Beta Tokamak-Extended Pulse (HBT-EP) [J. Fusion Energy {bold 12}, 303 (1993)]. HBT-EP combines an adjustable, segmented conducting wall (which slows the growth or stabilizes ideal external kinks) with a number of small (6{degree} wide toroidally) driven saddle coils located between the gaps of the conducting wall. Two-phase driven magnetic island rotation control from 5 to 15 kHz has been demonstrated powered by two 10 MW linear amplifiers. The phase instability has been observed and is well modeled by the single-helicity predictions of nonlinear Rutherford island dynamics for 2/1 tearing modes including important effects of ion inertia and finite Larmor radius, which appear as a damping term in the model equations. The closed loop response of active feedback control of the 2/1 mode at moderate gain was observed to be in good agreement with the theory. Suppression of the 2/1 island growth has been demonstrated using an asynchronous frequency modulation drive which maintains the inertial flow damping of the island by application of rotating control fields with frequencies alternating above and below the natural mode frequency. This frequency modulation control technique wasmore » also able to prevent disruptions normally observed to follow giant sawtooth crashes in the plasma core. {copyright} {ital 1998 American Institute of Physics.}« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]; ;  [2]
  1. Department of Applied Physics, Columbia University, New York, New York10027 (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico87545 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
627781
Report Number(s):
CONF-971103-
Journal ID: PHPAEN; ISSN 1070-664X; TRN: 98:006133
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 5; Conference: 39. annual meeting of the Division of Plasma Physics of the American Physical Society, Pittsburgh, PA (United States), 17-21 Nov 1997; Other Information: PBD: May 1998
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION; TOKAMAK DEVICES; CONTROL SYSTEMS; MAGNETIC ISLANDS; TEARING INSTABILITY

Citation Formats

Navratil, G A, Cates, C, Mauel, M E, Maurer, D, Nadle, D, Taylor, E, Xiao, Q, Reass, W A, and Wurden, G A. Active control of 2/1 magnetic islands in a tokamak. United States: N. p., 1998. Web. doi:10.1063/1.872856.
Navratil, G A, Cates, C, Mauel, M E, Maurer, D, Nadle, D, Taylor, E, Xiao, Q, Reass, W A, & Wurden, G A. Active control of 2/1 magnetic islands in a tokamak. United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.872856
Navratil, G A, Cates, C, Mauel, M E, Maurer, D, Nadle, D, Taylor, E, Xiao, Q, Reass, W A, and Wurden, G A. Fri . "Active control of 2/1 magnetic islands in a tokamak". United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.872856.
@article{osti_627781,
title = {Active control of 2/1 magnetic islands in a tokamak},
author = {Navratil, G A and Cates, C and Mauel, M E and Maurer, D and Nadle, D and Taylor, E and Xiao, Q and Reass, W A and Wurden, G A},
abstractNote = {Closed and open loop control techniques were applied to growing m/n=2/1 rotating islands in wall-stabilized plasmas in the High Beta Tokamak-Extended Pulse (HBT-EP) [J. Fusion Energy {bold 12}, 303 (1993)]. HBT-EP combines an adjustable, segmented conducting wall (which slows the growth or stabilizes ideal external kinks) with a number of small (6{degree} wide toroidally) driven saddle coils located between the gaps of the conducting wall. Two-phase driven magnetic island rotation control from 5 to 15 kHz has been demonstrated powered by two 10 MW linear amplifiers. The phase instability has been observed and is well modeled by the single-helicity predictions of nonlinear Rutherford island dynamics for 2/1 tearing modes including important effects of ion inertia and finite Larmor radius, which appear as a damping term in the model equations. The closed loop response of active feedback control of the 2/1 mode at moderate gain was observed to be in good agreement with the theory. Suppression of the 2/1 island growth has been demonstrated using an asynchronous frequency modulation drive which maintains the inertial flow damping of the island by application of rotating control fields with frequencies alternating above and below the natural mode frequency. This frequency modulation control technique was also able to prevent disruptions normally observed to follow giant sawtooth crashes in the plasma core. {copyright} {ital 1998 American Institute of Physics.}},
doi = {10.1063/1.872856},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/627781}, journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 5,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {1998},
month = {5}
}