skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Radionuclide distributions and migration mechanisms at shallow land burial sites

Abstract

During the past several years, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has conducted research at the Maxey Flats Disposal Site (MFDS) for the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This work has identified the spectrum of radionuclides present in the waste trenches, determined the processes that were occurring relative to degradation of radioactive material within the burial trenches, determined the chemical and physical characteristics of the trench leachates and the chemical forms of the leached radionuclides, determined the mobility of these radionuclides, investigated the subsurface and surface transport processes, determined the biological uptake by the native vegetation, developed strategies for environmental monitoring, and investigated other factors that influence the long-term fate of the radionuclide inventory at the disposal site. This report is a final summary of the research conducted by PNL and presents the results and discussions relative to the above investigative areas. 45 refs., 31 figs., 17 tabs.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (USA). Div. of Engineering; Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)
Sponsoring Org.:
USNRC
OSTI Identifier:
6267453
Report Number(s):
NUREG/CR-4670
ON: TI91008555; TRN: 91-008406
DOE Contract Number:
AC06-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; CHEMICAL WASTES; GROUND DISPOSAL; GROUND WATER; RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION; LOW-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT; PLANTS; RADIONUCLIDE KINETICS; SOILS; CARBON 14; CESIUM 137; COBALT 60; FOOD CHAINS; KENTUCKY; LEACHATES; PLUTONIUM; POTASSIUM 40; PROGRESS REPORT; RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL; SITE SURVEYS; STRONTIUM 90; TREES; TRITIUM; ACTINIDES; ALKALI METAL ISOTOPES; ALKALINE EARTH ISOTOPES; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-MINUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-PLUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; CARBON ISOTOPES; CESIUM ISOTOPES; COBALT ISOTOPES; DISPERSIONS; DOCUMENT TYPES; ELECTRON CAPTURE RADIOISOTOPES; ELEMENTS; EVEN-EVEN NUCLEI; FEDERAL REGION IV; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; HYDROGEN ISOTOPES; INTERMEDIATE MASS NUCLEI; INTERNAL CONVERSION RADIOISOTOPES; ISOMERIC TRANSITION ISOTOPES; ISOTOPES; LIGHT NUCLEI; MANAGEMENT; MASS TRANSFER; MATERIALS; METALS; MINUTES LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; MIXTURES; NORTH AMERICA; NUCLEI; ODD-EVEN NUCLEI; ODD-ODD NUCLEI; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; POTASSIUM ISOTOPES; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; RADIOISOTOPES; SOLUTIONS; STRONTIUM ISOTOPES; TRANSURANIUM ELEMENTS; USA; WASTE DISPOSAL; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTES; WATER; YEARS LIVIN; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOT; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; 052002* - Nuclear Fuels- Waste Disposal & Storage; 540330 - Environment, Aquatic- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport- (1990-); 540230 - Environment, Terrestrial- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport- (1990-); 560162 - Radionuclide Effects, Kinetics, & Toxicology- Animals, Plants, Microorganisms, & Cells; 540220 - Environment, Terrestrial- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (1990-); 540320 - Environment, Aquatic- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (1990-)

Citation Formats

Kirby, L.J., Toste, A.P., Thomas, C.W., Rickard, W.H., Nielson, H.L., Campbell, R.M., McShane, M.C., Wilkerson, C.L., and Robertson, D.E. Radionuclide distributions and migration mechanisms at shallow land burial sites. United States: N. p., 1991. Web.
Kirby, L.J., Toste, A.P., Thomas, C.W., Rickard, W.H., Nielson, H.L., Campbell, R.M., McShane, M.C., Wilkerson, C.L., & Robertson, D.E. Radionuclide distributions and migration mechanisms at shallow land burial sites. United States.
Kirby, L.J., Toste, A.P., Thomas, C.W., Rickard, W.H., Nielson, H.L., Campbell, R.M., McShane, M.C., Wilkerson, C.L., and Robertson, D.E. Fri . "Radionuclide distributions and migration mechanisms at shallow land burial sites". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_6267453,
title = {Radionuclide distributions and migration mechanisms at shallow land burial sites},
author = {Kirby, L.J. and Toste, A.P. and Thomas, C.W. and Rickard, W.H. and Nielson, H.L. and Campbell, R.M. and McShane, M.C. and Wilkerson, C.L. and Robertson, D.E.},
abstractNote = {During the past several years, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has conducted research at the Maxey Flats Disposal Site (MFDS) for the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This work has identified the spectrum of radionuclides present in the waste trenches, determined the processes that were occurring relative to degradation of radioactive material within the burial trenches, determined the chemical and physical characteristics of the trench leachates and the chemical forms of the leached radionuclides, determined the mobility of these radionuclides, investigated the subsurface and surface transport processes, determined the biological uptake by the native vegetation, developed strategies for environmental monitoring, and investigated other factors that influence the long-term fate of the radionuclide inventory at the disposal site. This report is a final summary of the research conducted by PNL and presents the results and discussions relative to the above investigative areas. 45 refs., 31 figs., 17 tabs.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Feb 01 00:00:00 EST 1991},
month = {Fri Feb 01 00:00:00 EST 1991}
}

Technical Report:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that may hold this item. Keep in mind that many technical reports are not cataloged in WorldCat.

Save / Share: