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Title: Simultaneous determination of alpha-emitting nuclides of radium through californium in large environmental and biological samples

Abstract

A previous procedure for the simultaneous determination of all ..cap alpha..-emitting radionuclides from radium through californium in a single 10-g sample of soil has been modified for application to 50-g samples of soil and large samples of water, air dusts, vegetation ash, and soft tissue ash. Even with such large samples of soil, fusions with potassium fluoride and pyrosulfate have been retained to ensure complete dissolution of all refractory compounds including oxides, silicates, and carbides. The actinides from large water samples are concentrated by precipitation with ferrous hydroxide so that insoluble particulates as well as soluble forms will be collected, both of which can then be dissolved in the subsequent fusions to obtain complete recovery of the radionuclides present in whatever form. Protactinium, uranium, and neptunium are all precipitated with ferrous hydroxide to better than 99% in contrast to recoveries less than 50% that are obtained by the more common precipitation with ferric hydroxide. The actinides from all sample types are then precipitated with barium sulfate, extracted into Aliquat-336, electrodeposited, and analyzed by ..cap alpha.. spectrometry. Overall yields are generally larger than 90% with most of the radionuclides with electrodeposition contributing the largest and most variable error. Detection limits formore » a 10/sup 3/-min count at 28% counting efficiency are about 0.2 fCi/g for 50 g of soil, 1 fCi/g for 10 g of vegetation ash or soft tissue ash, 1 fCi/L for 10 L of water and 1 aCi/m/sup 3/ for 10/sup 4/ M/sup 3/ of air.« less

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Dept. of Energy, Idaho Falls, ID
OSTI Identifier:
6259991
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Anal. Chem.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 51:8
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ACTINIDES; RADIOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS; ALPHA SOURCES; BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS; CALIFORNIUM; ENVIRONMENTAL MATERIALS; NEPTUNIUM; PLUTONIUM; PROTACTINIUM; RADIUM; THORIUM; URANIUM; ACTINIUM; AIR; AMERICIUM; ASHES; BARIUM SULFATES; BERKELIUM; CARBIDES; CURIUM; DUSTS; ELECTRODEPOSITION; IRON HYDROXIDES; OXIDES; PLANTS; POTASSIUM FLUORIDES; QUALITATIVE CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; RADIOISOTOPES; SILICATES; SOILS; SULFATES; WATER; ALKALI METAL COMPOUNDS; ALKALINE EARTH METAL COMPOUNDS; ALKALINE EARTH METALS; BARIUM COMPOUNDS; CARBON COMPOUNDS; CHALCOGENIDES; CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; DEPOSITION; ELECTROLYSIS; ELEMENTS; FLUIDS; FLUORIDES; FLUORINE COMPOUNDS; GASES; HALIDES; HALOGEN COMPOUNDS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; HYDROXIDES; ION SOURCES; IRON COMPOUNDS; ISOTOPES; LYSIS; METALS; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PARTICLE SOURCES; POTASSIUM COMPOUNDS; RADIATION SOURCES; RESIDUES; SILICON COMPOUNDS; SULFUR COMPOUNDS; SURFACE COATING; TRANSITION ELEMENT COMPOUNDS; TRANSPLUTONIUM ELEMENTS; TRANSURANIUM ELEMENTS; 400103* - Radiometric & Radiochemical Procedures- (-1987)

Citation Formats

Sill, C W, Hindman, F D, and Anderson, J I. Simultaneous determination of alpha-emitting nuclides of radium through californium in large environmental and biological samples. United States: N. p., 1979. Web. doi:10.1021/ac50044a043.
Sill, C W, Hindman, F D, & Anderson, J I. Simultaneous determination of alpha-emitting nuclides of radium through californium in large environmental and biological samples. United States. doi:10.1021/ac50044a043.
Sill, C W, Hindman, F D, and Anderson, J I. Sun . "Simultaneous determination of alpha-emitting nuclides of radium through californium in large environmental and biological samples". United States. doi:10.1021/ac50044a043.
@article{osti_6259991,
title = {Simultaneous determination of alpha-emitting nuclides of radium through californium in large environmental and biological samples},
author = {Sill, C W and Hindman, F D and Anderson, J I},
abstractNote = {A previous procedure for the simultaneous determination of all ..cap alpha..-emitting radionuclides from radium through californium in a single 10-g sample of soil has been modified for application to 50-g samples of soil and large samples of water, air dusts, vegetation ash, and soft tissue ash. Even with such large samples of soil, fusions with potassium fluoride and pyrosulfate have been retained to ensure complete dissolution of all refractory compounds including oxides, silicates, and carbides. The actinides from large water samples are concentrated by precipitation with ferrous hydroxide so that insoluble particulates as well as soluble forms will be collected, both of which can then be dissolved in the subsequent fusions to obtain complete recovery of the radionuclides present in whatever form. Protactinium, uranium, and neptunium are all precipitated with ferrous hydroxide to better than 99% in contrast to recoveries less than 50% that are obtained by the more common precipitation with ferric hydroxide. The actinides from all sample types are then precipitated with barium sulfate, extracted into Aliquat-336, electrodeposited, and analyzed by ..cap alpha.. spectrometry. Overall yields are generally larger than 90% with most of the radionuclides with electrodeposition contributing the largest and most variable error. Detection limits for a 10/sup 3/-min count at 28% counting efficiency are about 0.2 fCi/g for 50 g of soil, 1 fCi/g for 10 g of vegetation ash or soft tissue ash, 1 fCi/L for 10 L of water and 1 aCi/m/sup 3/ for 10/sup 4/ M/sup 3/ of air.},
doi = {10.1021/ac50044a043},
journal = {Anal. Chem.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 51:8,
place = {United States},
year = {1979},
month = {7}
}