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Title: Streamflow characteristics related to channel geometry of streams in western United States

Abstract

Assessment of surface-mining and reclamation activities generally requires extensive hydrologic data. Adequate streamflow data from instrumented gaging stations rarely are available, and estimates of surface-water discharge based on rainfall-runoff models, drainage area, and basin characteristics sometimes have proven unreliable. Channel-geometry measurements offer an alternative method of quickly and inexpensively estimating stream-flow characteristics for ungaged streams. The method uses the empirical development of equations to yield a discharge value from channel-geometry and channel-material data. The equations are developed by collecting data at numerous streamflow-gaging sites and statistically relating those data to selected discharge characteristics. Mean annual runoff and flood discharges with selected recurrence intervals can be estimated for perennial, intermittent, and ephemeral streams. The equations were developed from data collected in the western one-half of the conterminous United States. The effect of the channel-material and runoff characteristics are accounted for with the equations.

Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6251424
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Water Resour. Rev. Streamflow Ground-Water Cond.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Water Resour. Rev. Streamflow Ground-Water Cond.; (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; FEDERAL REGION IX; STREAMS; FLOW MODELS; DRAINAGE; FLOODS; FLUID FLOW; HYDROLOGY; RAIN; RUNOFF; SURFACE WATERS; ATMOSPHERIC PRECIPITATIONS; DISASTERS; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT; MASS TRANSFER; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; NORTH AMERICA; USA; 580100* - Geology & Hydrology- (-1989)

Citation Formats

. Streamflow characteristics related to channel geometry of streams in western United States. United States: N. p., 1982. Web.
. Streamflow characteristics related to channel geometry of streams in western United States. United States.
. Mon . "Streamflow characteristics related to channel geometry of streams in western United States". United States.
@article{osti_6251424,
title = {Streamflow characteristics related to channel geometry of streams in western United States},
author = {},
abstractNote = {Assessment of surface-mining and reclamation activities generally requires extensive hydrologic data. Adequate streamflow data from instrumented gaging stations rarely are available, and estimates of surface-water discharge based on rainfall-runoff models, drainage area, and basin characteristics sometimes have proven unreliable. Channel-geometry measurements offer an alternative method of quickly and inexpensively estimating stream-flow characteristics for ungaged streams. The method uses the empirical development of equations to yield a discharge value from channel-geometry and channel-material data. The equations are developed by collecting data at numerous streamflow-gaging sites and statistically relating those data to selected discharge characteristics. Mean annual runoff and flood discharges with selected recurrence intervals can be estimated for perennial, intermittent, and ephemeral streams. The equations were developed from data collected in the western one-half of the conterminous United States. The effect of the channel-material and runoff characteristics are accounted for with the equations.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/6251424}, journal = {Water Resour. Rev. Streamflow Ground-Water Cond.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1982},
month = {11}
}