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Title: Energy alternatives in U. S. crop production

Abstract

A mathematical model is used to show how farmers, who are especially sensitive to increases in fuel prices, can substitute other inputs in food production. The model relates four inputs to the flow of crop output - land, hired labor, mechanical energy, and chemical energy - and assesses the elasticities of substitution. The policy implications that emerge indicate that acreage allotments do not effectively limit crop output because mechanical and chemical energy can be easily substituted for land. The reverse of this means that more cropland can be used to make up for shortages in mechanical and chemical energy. Mechanical energy is shown to be the most flexible of the inputs, but policy changes should substitute human for mechanical labor cautiously. A preferred policy would be to emphasize efficient management and operation.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6239891
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6239891
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Econ. Rev.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 64:2
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; AGRICULTURE; PRODUCTION; CROPS; ALLOCATIONS; ECONOMETRICS; ENERGY CONSUMPTION; ENERGY POLICY; FUEL SUBSTITUTION; LAND USE; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; ECONOMICS; GOVERNMENT POLICIES 290200* -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Economics & Sociology; 291000 -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Conservation; 320301 -- Energy Conservation, Consumption, & Utilization-- Industrial & Agricultural Processes-- Energy Sources; 320303 -- Energy Conservation, Consumption, & Utilization-- Industrial & Agricultural Processes-- Equipment & Processes; 553000 -- Agriculture & Food Technology

Citation Formats

Webb, K., and Duncan, M. Energy alternatives in U. S. crop production. United States: N. p., 1979. Web.
Webb, K., & Duncan, M. Energy alternatives in U. S. crop production. United States.
Webb, K., and Duncan, M. Thu . "Energy alternatives in U. S. crop production". United States.
@article{osti_6239891,
title = {Energy alternatives in U. S. crop production},
author = {Webb, K. and Duncan, M.},
abstractNote = {A mathematical model is used to show how farmers, who are especially sensitive to increases in fuel prices, can substitute other inputs in food production. The model relates four inputs to the flow of crop output - land, hired labor, mechanical energy, and chemical energy - and assesses the elasticities of substitution. The policy implications that emerge indicate that acreage allotments do not effectively limit crop output because mechanical and chemical energy can be easily substituted for land. The reverse of this means that more cropland can be used to make up for shortages in mechanical and chemical energy. Mechanical energy is shown to be the most flexible of the inputs, but policy changes should substitute human for mechanical labor cautiously. A preferred policy would be to emphasize efficient management and operation.},
doi = {},
journal = {Econ. Rev.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 64:2,
place = {United States},
year = {1979},
month = {2}
}