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Title: Childhood cancer in relation to a modified residential wire code

Abstract

Several studies have found associations between wire configuration codes, a proxy for historical residential magnetic field exposure, and childhood cancer. The Wertheimer-Leeper coding method was modified by eliminating the distinction between thick and thin primaries, distinguishing only between open and spun secondaries, and reducing the number of categories from five to three. The association between the modified code and measured magnetic fields was similar to the association with the original wire code. The modified code was used to reanalyze data from a case-control study of childhood cancer in the Denver metropolitan area. In the original study, cases were diagnosed from 1976 to 1983 among children under age 15 and compared to controls selected through random digit dialing. Wire codes for the residence at diagnosis yielded imprecise elevations of two and above for very high current configuration homes or modest 1.5-fold elevations for a dichotomous wire code. In contrast, the modified Wertheimer-Leeper code generated risk estimates that were both precise and markedly elevated for the high wire code (HWC) compared to low wire code (LWC) classifications, with medium wire code (MWC) showing little or no increase in risk. High wire code yielded odds ratios of 1.9 for total cancers (95% CI:more » 1.1--3.2), 2.9 for leukemias (95% CI: 1.5--5.5), and 2.5 for brain cancer (95% CI: 1.1--5.5) that were not confounded by measured potential risk factors for childhood cancer. These risk estimates are larger than the dichotomized results and more precise than those from the original five-level wire code, though limitations in the original study remain, particularly potential control selection bias. This refined and greatly simplified approach to wire configuration coding may be useful in other studies. 13 refs., 6 tabs.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (United States)
  2. EM Factors, Inc., Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6237779
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Environmental Health Perspectives; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 101:1; Journal ID: ISSN 0091-6765
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; CHILDREN; DISEASE INCIDENCE; ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE; NEOPLASMS; ELECTRIC CABLES; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; CONFIGURATION; MAGNETIC FIELDS; BRAIN; LEUKEMIA; POWER TRANSMISSION LINES; AGE GROUPS; BODY; CABLES; CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM; CONDUCTOR DEVICES; DISEASES; ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT; EQUIPMENT; IMMUNE SYSTEM DISEASES; NERVOUS SYSTEM; ORGANS; 560400* - Other Environmental Pollutant Effects; 550900 - Pathology

Citation Formats

Savitz, D A, and Kaune, W T. Childhood cancer in relation to a modified residential wire code. United States: N. p., 1993. Web. doi:10.1289/ehp.9310176.
Savitz, D A, & Kaune, W T. Childhood cancer in relation to a modified residential wire code. United States. doi:10.1289/ehp.9310176.
Savitz, D A, and Kaune, W T. Thu . "Childhood cancer in relation to a modified residential wire code". United States. doi:10.1289/ehp.9310176.
@article{osti_6237779,
title = {Childhood cancer in relation to a modified residential wire code},
author = {Savitz, D A and Kaune, W T},
abstractNote = {Several studies have found associations between wire configuration codes, a proxy for historical residential magnetic field exposure, and childhood cancer. The Wertheimer-Leeper coding method was modified by eliminating the distinction between thick and thin primaries, distinguishing only between open and spun secondaries, and reducing the number of categories from five to three. The association between the modified code and measured magnetic fields was similar to the association with the original wire code. The modified code was used to reanalyze data from a case-control study of childhood cancer in the Denver metropolitan area. In the original study, cases were diagnosed from 1976 to 1983 among children under age 15 and compared to controls selected through random digit dialing. Wire codes for the residence at diagnosis yielded imprecise elevations of two and above for very high current configuration homes or modest 1.5-fold elevations for a dichotomous wire code. In contrast, the modified Wertheimer-Leeper code generated risk estimates that were both precise and markedly elevated for the high wire code (HWC) compared to low wire code (LWC) classifications, with medium wire code (MWC) showing little or no increase in risk. High wire code yielded odds ratios of 1.9 for total cancers (95% CI: 1.1--3.2), 2.9 for leukemias (95% CI: 1.5--5.5), and 2.5 for brain cancer (95% CI: 1.1--5.5) that were not confounded by measured potential risk factors for childhood cancer. These risk estimates are larger than the dichotomized results and more precise than those from the original five-level wire code, though limitations in the original study remain, particularly potential control selection bias. This refined and greatly simplified approach to wire configuration coding may be useful in other studies. 13 refs., 6 tabs.},
doi = {10.1289/ehp.9310176},
journal = {Environmental Health Perspectives; (United States)},
issn = {0091-6765},
number = ,
volume = 101:1,
place = {United States},
year = {1993},
month = {4}
}