skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Crude oil and finished fuel storage stability: An annotated review

Abstract

A state-of-the-art review and assessment of storage effects on crude oil and product quality was undertaken through a literature search by computer accessing several data base sources. Pertinent citations from that literature search are tabulated for the years 1980 to the present. This 1990 revision supplements earlier reviews by Brinkman and others which covered stability publications through 1979 and an update in 1983 by Goetzinger and others that covered the period 1952--1982. For purposes of organization, citations are listed in the current revision chronologically starting with the earliest 1980 publications. The citations have also been divided according to primary subject matter. Consequently 11 sections appear including: alternate fuels, gasoline, distillate fuel, jet fuel, residual fuel, crude oil, biodegradation, analyses, reaction mechanisms, containment, and handling and storage. Each section contains a brief narrative followed by all the citations for that category.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Inst. for Petroleum and Energy Research, Bartlesville, OK (USA)
Sponsoring Org.:
DOE/FE
OSTI Identifier:
6199765
Report Number(s):
NIPER-B06807-26
ON: DE91002213
DOE Contract Number:
FC22-83FE60149
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; PETROLEUM; STORAGE; PETROLEUM PRODUCTS; BIODEGRADATION; GASOLINE; HEATING OILS; JET ENGINE FUELS; REACTION KINETICS; RESIDUAL FUELS; REVIEWS; STABILITY; SYNTHETIC FUELS; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; DECOMPOSITION; DOCUMENT TYPES; ENERGY SOURCES; FOSSIL FUELS; FUEL OILS; FUELS; KINETICS; LIQUID FUELS; OILS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OTHER ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; 022000* - Petroleum- Transport, Handling, & Storage; 020500 - Petroleum- Products & By-Products

Citation Formats

Whisman, M.L., Anderson, R.P., Woodward, P.W., and Giles, H.N.. Crude oil and finished fuel storage stability: An annotated review. United States: N. p., 1991. Web. doi:10.2172/6199765.
Whisman, M.L., Anderson, R.P., Woodward, P.W., & Giles, H.N.. Crude oil and finished fuel storage stability: An annotated review. United States. doi:10.2172/6199765.
Whisman, M.L., Anderson, R.P., Woodward, P.W., and Giles, H.N.. Tue . "Crude oil and finished fuel storage stability: An annotated review". United States. doi:10.2172/6199765. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6199765.
@article{osti_6199765,
title = {Crude oil and finished fuel storage stability: An annotated review},
author = {Whisman, M.L. and Anderson, R.P. and Woodward, P.W. and Giles, H.N.},
abstractNote = {A state-of-the-art review and assessment of storage effects on crude oil and product quality was undertaken through a literature search by computer accessing several data base sources. Pertinent citations from that literature search are tabulated for the years 1980 to the present. This 1990 revision supplements earlier reviews by Brinkman and others which covered stability publications through 1979 and an update in 1983 by Goetzinger and others that covered the period 1952--1982. For purposes of organization, citations are listed in the current revision chronologically starting with the earliest 1980 publications. The citations have also been divided according to primary subject matter. Consequently 11 sections appear including: alternate fuels, gasoline, distillate fuel, jet fuel, residual fuel, crude oil, biodegradation, analyses, reaction mechanisms, containment, and handling and storage. Each section contains a brief narrative followed by all the citations for that category.},
doi = {10.2172/6199765},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1991},
month = {Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1991}
}

Technical Report:

Save / Share:
  • The Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) of the Deopartment of Energy (DOE) and the US Army Fuels and Lubricants Research laboratory (AFLRL) at Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) have been working together on a support effort for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Office (SPRO) of DOE. One task within this effort was a detailed literature survey of previous experiences in long-term storage of crude oil and finished fuels with an emphasis on underground storage. Based on the discussion presented in this review, in the limited number of cases reported, the refinability of crude oil was not significantly affected by prolonged storage. Itmore » was found that most crudes will deposit a sludge during storage which may interfere with withdrawal pumping. This sludge is probably composed of wax, sediment, water, and possibly asphaltenes. Emulsions of the water-oil interface have been reported after prolonged storage which have been attributed to action of centrifugal pumps used to remove accumulated seepage water. It is possible that these emulsions resulted from biological activity, such as the anaerobic activity reported, but no hydrogen sulfide production was observed.« less
  • This report contains 5 appendices pertaining to the storage of petroleum by private industry. The legislative and administrative framework and constraints within the Industrial Petroleum Reserve (IPR) are described. Data on the physical and financial structure of the domestic petroleum refining and importing industry are presented. Those critical aspects of a future curtailment that might impact the design and effectiveness of the IPR, within the overall framework of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) are discussed. The principal facility storage options for IPR are the same as SPR. A discussion of the quantity of storage potentially available and estimates of themore » marginal cost to industry of utilizing empty tankage are presented. Salt domes, mined cavities, and steel tankage are considered. The economic impacts of the IPR are discussed. (DMC)« less
  • Subsequent to the preparation of the original Industrial Petroleum Reserve (IPR) feasibility study (TID 28465) a number of actions and events have occurred: A public hearing was held by FEA in July to obtain comments, information, and data on the feasibility of implementing the IPR program. Focus shifted from assessing the feasibility of alternative IPR configurations to determining whether or not to implement any option. The Federal Energy Administration (FEA) prepared and staffed an issue paper focused on the costs, benefits, advantages, and disadvantages of exercising the discretionary IPR authority contained in S156 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Actmore » (EPCA). New information on Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) facility costs, fill rates, and program plans has continued to develop and evolve. As a result of these activities, a number of changes, additions, and augmentations to the original document are warranted. This addendum is presented to document and consolidate those which are critical to the decision process.« less
  • The feasibility of an Industrial Petroleum Reserve (IPR), a program authorized by the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) of 1975, was investigated. The investigation was conducted to assemble and structure the relevant data on the US refining and importing industry, to define alternative program characteristics, to analyze the potential impacts of the program on industry and consumers, to outline implementation plans for two alternative programs, and to identify policy issues that must be decided and gaps in the available data that must be filled. The report provides inputs for FEA issue papers and a background for review of industrymore » and public comments on the proposed program. A specific storage facility network is not recommended, although individual central storage facilities are identified, described, and aggregated to develop program cost estimates and fill schedules for a central storage option.« less
  • Because of renewed interest in waste oil, both in terms of energy conservation and as a threat to the environment, there appears to be a need for a systemic compilation of information on the subject. This is a revision of the 1979 manuscript (BETC/IC-79/4) reflecting publications of the last three years as well as incorporation of papers that were overlooked. The number of citations has jumped from 486 to 1203, with all previous citations also listed here. The bibliography is divided into broad subject areas. The Introduction gives the history and development of the used oil reclamation industry. The Generalmore » section includes the comprehensive papers that address several subjects and thus, give a capsulated overview of the used oil situation. Sources of Information and Statistical Treatments of Data tell how to obtain additional and future information and data relating to waste oil and could aid those persons interested in keeping their knowledge current. The Other Lubricating Oils section covers many of the lubricants that have the potential for recycling. The Other Oils section is divided into four sub-sections to aid the reader to find the subject of interest. The section on Related Subjects includes those sideline areas that could apply to used oil reclamation.« less