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Title: Extraction of uranium from seawater: evaluation of uranium resources and plant siting

Abstract

This report deals with the evaluation of U.S. coastal waters as a uranium resource and with the selection of a suitable site for construction of a large-scale plant for uranium extraction. Evaluation of the resource revealed that although the concentration of uranium is quite low, about 3.3 ppB in seawater of average oceanic salinity, the amount present in the total volume of the oceans is very great, some 4.5 billion metric tons. Of this, perhaps only that uranium contained in the upper 100 meters or so of the surface well-mixed layer should be considered accessible for recovery, some 160 million tonnes. The study indicated that open ocean seawater acquired for the purpose of uranium extraction would be a more favorable resource than rivers entering the sea, cooling water of power plants, or the feed or effluent streams of existing plants producing other products such as magnesium, bromine, or potable and/or agricultural water from seawater. Various considerations led to the selection of a site for a pumped seawater coastal plant at a coastal location. Puerto Yabucoa, Puerto Rico was selected. Recommendations are given for further studies. 21 figures, 8 tables.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oregon State Univ., Corvallis (USA). School of Oceanography
OSTI Identifier:
6191296
Report Number(s):
GJBX-35(79)(Vol.1); XN-RT-14(Vol.1)
TRN: 79-008885
DOE Contract Number:  
EY-76-C-13-1664
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; SEAWATER; SEPARATION PROCESSES; URANIUM; RECOVERY; EVALUATION; RESOURCE ASSESSMENT; SITE SELECTION; URANIUM RESERVES; ACTINIDES; ELEMENTS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; METALS; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; RESERVES; RESOURCES; WATER; 050400* - Nuclear Fuels- Feed Processing

Citation Formats

Rodman, M.R., Gordon, L.I., and Chen, A.C.T. Extraction of uranium from seawater: evaluation of uranium resources and plant siting. United States: N. p., 1979. Web. doi:10.2172/6191296.
Rodman, M.R., Gordon, L.I., & Chen, A.C.T. Extraction of uranium from seawater: evaluation of uranium resources and plant siting. United States. doi:10.2172/6191296.
Rodman, M.R., Gordon, L.I., and Chen, A.C.T. Thu . "Extraction of uranium from seawater: evaluation of uranium resources and plant siting". United States. doi:10.2172/6191296. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6191296.
@article{osti_6191296,
title = {Extraction of uranium from seawater: evaluation of uranium resources and plant siting},
author = {Rodman, M.R. and Gordon, L.I. and Chen, A.C.T.},
abstractNote = {This report deals with the evaluation of U.S. coastal waters as a uranium resource and with the selection of a suitable site for construction of a large-scale plant for uranium extraction. Evaluation of the resource revealed that although the concentration of uranium is quite low, about 3.3 ppB in seawater of average oceanic salinity, the amount present in the total volume of the oceans is very great, some 4.5 billion metric tons. Of this, perhaps only that uranium contained in the upper 100 meters or so of the surface well-mixed layer should be considered accessible for recovery, some 160 million tonnes. The study indicated that open ocean seawater acquired for the purpose of uranium extraction would be a more favorable resource than rivers entering the sea, cooling water of power plants, or the feed or effluent streams of existing plants producing other products such as magnesium, bromine, or potable and/or agricultural water from seawater. Various considerations led to the selection of a site for a pumped seawater coastal plant at a coastal location. Puerto Yabucoa, Puerto Rico was selected. Recommendations are given for further studies. 21 figures, 8 tables.},
doi = {10.2172/6191296},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1979},
month = {2}
}