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Title: Fermentability of the hemicellulose-derived sugars from steam-exploded softwood (Douglas fir)

Abstract

Steam explosion of Douglas fir wood chips under low-severity conditions resulted in the recovery of around 87% of the original hemicellulose component in the water-soluble stream. More than 80% of the recovered hemicellulose was in a monomeric form. As the pretreatment severity increased from 3.08 to 3.76, hemicellulose recovery dropped to 43% of the original hemicellulose found in Douglas fir chips while the concentration of glucose originating from cellulose hydrolysis increased along with the concentration of sugar degradation products such as furfural and hydroxymethylfurfural. Despite containing a higher concentration of hexose monomers (mainly glucose originating from cellulose degradation), the water-soluble fraction prepared under high-severity conditions was not readily fermented. Only the two hydrolyzates obtained at low and medium severities were fermented to ethanol using a spent sulfur liquor adapted strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. High ethanol yields were obtained for these two hydrolyzates with 0.44 g of ethanol produced per gram of hexose utilized (86% of theoretical). However, the best results of hemicellulose recovery and fermentability were obtained for the low-severity water-soluble fraction which was fermented significantly faster than the fraction obtained after medium-severity treatment probably because it contained higher amounts of fermentation inhibitors.

Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. (Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada). Faculty of Forestry)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6191134
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 64:3; Journal ID: ISSN 0006-3592
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; CELLULOSE; ETHANOL; FERMENTATION; FIRS; GLUCOSE; YIELDS; ALCOHOLS; ALDEHYDES; BIOCONVERSION; CARBOHYDRATES; CONIFERS; HEXOSES; HYDROXY COMPOUNDS; MONOSACCHARIDES; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PINOPHYTA; PLANTS; POLYSACCHARIDES; SACCHARIDES; TREES; 090900* - Biomass Fuels- Processing- (1990-)

Citation Formats

Boussaid, A., Robinson, J., Cai, Y.J., Gregg, D.J., and Saddler, J.N. Fermentability of the hemicellulose-derived sugars from steam-exploded softwood (Douglas fir). United States: N. p., 1999. Web. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0290(19990805)64:3<284::AID-BIT4>3.0.CO;2-C.
Boussaid, A., Robinson, J., Cai, Y.J., Gregg, D.J., & Saddler, J.N. Fermentability of the hemicellulose-derived sugars from steam-exploded softwood (Douglas fir). United States. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0290(19990805)64:3<284::AID-BIT4>3.0.CO;2-C.
Boussaid, A., Robinson, J., Cai, Y.J., Gregg, D.J., and Saddler, J.N. Thu . "Fermentability of the hemicellulose-derived sugars from steam-exploded softwood (Douglas fir)". United States. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0290(19990805)64:3<284::AID-BIT4>3.0.CO;2-C.
@article{osti_6191134,
title = {Fermentability of the hemicellulose-derived sugars from steam-exploded softwood (Douglas fir)},
author = {Boussaid, A. and Robinson, J. and Cai, Y.J. and Gregg, D.J. and Saddler, J.N.},
abstractNote = {Steam explosion of Douglas fir wood chips under low-severity conditions resulted in the recovery of around 87% of the original hemicellulose component in the water-soluble stream. More than 80% of the recovered hemicellulose was in a monomeric form. As the pretreatment severity increased from 3.08 to 3.76, hemicellulose recovery dropped to 43% of the original hemicellulose found in Douglas fir chips while the concentration of glucose originating from cellulose hydrolysis increased along with the concentration of sugar degradation products such as furfural and hydroxymethylfurfural. Despite containing a higher concentration of hexose monomers (mainly glucose originating from cellulose degradation), the water-soluble fraction prepared under high-severity conditions was not readily fermented. Only the two hydrolyzates obtained at low and medium severities were fermented to ethanol using a spent sulfur liquor adapted strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. High ethanol yields were obtained for these two hydrolyzates with 0.44 g of ethanol produced per gram of hexose utilized (86% of theoretical). However, the best results of hemicellulose recovery and fermentability were obtained for the low-severity water-soluble fraction which was fermented significantly faster than the fraction obtained after medium-severity treatment probably because it contained higher amounts of fermentation inhibitors.},
doi = {10.1002/(SICI)1097-0290(19990805)64:3<284::AID-BIT4>3.0.CO;2-C},
journal = {Biotechnology and Bioengineering},
issn = {0006-3592},
number = ,
volume = 64:3,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {8}
}