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Title: Acid rain & electric utilities II

Abstract

This document presents reports which were presented at the Acid Rain and Electric Utilities Conference. Topics include environmental issues and electric utilities; acid rain program overview; global climate change and carbon dioxide; emissions data management; compliance; emissions control; allowance and trading; nitrogen oxides; and assessment. Individual reports have been processed separately for the United States Department of Energy databases.

Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
617832
Report Number(s):
CONF-970145-
TRN: 98:002057-0001
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 2. joint conference on acid rain and electric utilities, Scottsdale, AZ (United States), 20-22 Jan 1997; Other Information: PBD: 1997
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; 29 ENERGY PLANNING AND POLICY; LEADING ABSTRACT; MEETINGS; ACID RAIN; ELECTRIC UTILITIES; AIR POLLUTION; GREENHOUSE GASES; AIR POLLUTION CONTROL; POLLUTION REGULATIONS; CLIMATIC CHANGE

Citation Formats

NONE. Acid rain & electric utilities II. United States: N. p., 1997. Web.
NONE. Acid rain & electric utilities II. United States.
NONE. Wed . "Acid rain & electric utilities II". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_617832,
title = {Acid rain & electric utilities II},
author = {NONE},
abstractNote = {This document presents reports which were presented at the Acid Rain and Electric Utilities Conference. Topics include environmental issues and electric utilities; acid rain program overview; global climate change and carbon dioxide; emissions data management; compliance; emissions control; allowance and trading; nitrogen oxides; and assessment. Individual reports have been processed separately for the United States Department of Energy databases.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 1997},
month = {Wed Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 1997}
}

Conference:
Other availability
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  • This conference was held January 23--25, 1995 in Tempe, Arizona. The purpose of the conference was to provide a multidisciplinary forum for exchange of state-of-the-art information on the environmental effects electric utilities have in relation to air pollution and acid rain. Attention is focused on many of the permitting and monitoring issues facing the electric utilities industry. Sulfur dioxide allowances, Title IV and Title V issues, Acid Rain Program implementation and Continuing Emissions Monitoring Systems (CEMS) are some of the relevant topics covered in this proceedings. Individual papers have been processed separately for inclusion in the appropriate data bases.
  • In 1997, the United States EPA will remove restrictions preventing acid rain utilities from using gas dilution systems for calibration or linearity studies for continuous emissions monitoring, Test Method 205 in 40CFR51 requires that a gas dilution system must produce calibration gases whose measured values are within {+-}2% of predicted values. This paper presents the evaluation of the Environics/CalMat 2020 Dilution System for use in calibration studies. Internal studies show that concentrations generated by this unit are within {+-}0.5% of predicted values. Studies are being conducted by several acid rain utilities to evaluate the Environics/CalMat system using single minor componentmore » calibration standards. In addition, an internally generated study is being performed to demonstrate the system`s accuracy using a multi-component gas mixture. Data from these tests will be presented in the final version of the paper.« less
  • The costs of impending legislation controlling power plant emissions to TVA utilities and their ratepayers are presented. Two approaches have been proposed for achieving SO/sub 2/ emission reductions. One would require the utilities to rely heavily on scrubbers; the second would give the utilities the flexibility to select the least cost method for reducing emissions. Using scrubbers, the average cost of SO/sub 2/ reduction would be $640 per ton removed. Using least-cost method, the cost would be $200.00 to $400.00 per ton removed. Scrubbers are the lower cost option at newer, more efficient plants which operate at base load andmore » are located in areas where low-sulfur coal is not readily available. Low-sulfur coal is more economical for older plants which operate in an intermediate or peaking mode. If emission reductions of 8 million tons of SO/sub 2/ or less from coal-fired power plants are required, savings up to about $800 million per year would be achieved using a least-cost strategy. For emission reductions greater than 8 million tons, the saving decreases. At about 11 million tons, the costs are the same. 16 figures. (DMC)« less
  • The report is one of a series of studies PPSP is conducting to determine the source and extent, environmental impacts, and costs of controlling acid rain in Maryland. The report estimates the potential costs to Maryland's four major utilities, and hence their rate payers, of implementing one possible national acid-deposition control strategy. This was done by examining present and projected Maryland sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide emissions, reviewing and analyzing legislation introduced during the 97th and 98th Congresses, developing a hypothetical acid-deposition control strategy based on the legislative analysis, and having each of Maryland's four major utilities determine its costsmore » of complying with the hypothetical scenario.« less
  • This proceedings contains more than 100 technical presentations dealing with a variety of topics concerning the Title IV acid rain provisions of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. Some of the major topics addressed include: emerging environmental issues impacting electric utilities (proposed revisions to the ozone and particulate matter NAAQS), acid rain program overview, continuous emissions monitoring rule revisions, global climate change and CO{sub 2}, emissions data management, Clean Air Power Initiative and regional issues, compliance/designated representative, flow monitoring, emissions control technology, allowance and trading, emission reductions, NO{sub x} control issues, hazardous air pollutants, and CEMS advances.