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Title: Design of a cone-penetrometer-compatible probe and housing: The LLNL Raman probe

Abstract

An integrated infinity-focused fiber optic probe designed for cone penetrometer and hand-held use and constructed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories is described and evaluated for performance. Throughput efficiency is calculated, distance dependence, background levels, and sensitivity to heterogeneity in samples is evaluated. Representative spectra are presented that make use of the major performance advantages of this probe, which are (a) background rejection, (b) low sample light fluences, (c) distant viewing, (d) sample penetration, and (e) sample averaging capability. [copyright] [ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.]

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States))
  2. (Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208 (United States))
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6158772
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6158772
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 70:9; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; DESIGN; EFFICIENCY; FIBER OPTICS; OPERATION; PROBES; QUANTITATIVE CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; RADIOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS; RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY; REMOTE SENSING; WASTE DISPOSAL; CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; LASER SPECTROSCOPY; MANAGEMENT; SPECTROSCOPY; WASTE MANAGEMENT 440600* -- Optical Instrumentation-- (1990-); 540240 -- Environment, Terrestrial-- Thermal Effluents Monitoring & Transport-- (1990-); 540230 -- Environment, Terrestrial-- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport-- (1990-); 540330 -- Environment, Aquatic-- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport-- (1990-); 540340 -- Environment, Aquatic-- Thermal Effluents Monitoring & Transport-- (1990-)

Citation Formats

Brown, S., Milanovich, F.P., Kyle, K., and Myrick, M.L. Design of a cone-penetrometer-compatible probe and housing: The LLNL Raman probe. United States: N. p., 1999. Web. doi:10.1063/1.1149985.
Brown, S., Milanovich, F.P., Kyle, K., & Myrick, M.L. Design of a cone-penetrometer-compatible probe and housing: The LLNL Raman probe. United States. doi:10.1063/1.1149985.
Brown, S., Milanovich, F.P., Kyle, K., and Myrick, M.L. Wed . "Design of a cone-penetrometer-compatible probe and housing: The LLNL Raman probe". United States. doi:10.1063/1.1149985.
@article{osti_6158772,
title = {Design of a cone-penetrometer-compatible probe and housing: The LLNL Raman probe},
author = {Brown, S. and Milanovich, F.P. and Kyle, K. and Myrick, M.L.},
abstractNote = {An integrated infinity-focused fiber optic probe designed for cone penetrometer and hand-held use and constructed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories is described and evaluated for performance. Throughput efficiency is calculated, distance dependence, background levels, and sensitivity to heterogeneity in samples is evaluated. Representative spectra are presented that make use of the major performance advantages of this probe, which are (a) background rejection, (b) low sample light fluences, (c) distant viewing, (d) sample penetration, and (e) sample averaging capability. [copyright] [ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.]},
doi = {10.1063/1.1149985},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
issn = {0034-6748},
number = ,
volume = 70:9,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {9}
}