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Title: Residual tetrachloroethylene in dry-cleaned clothes

Abstract

A large amount of residual tetrachloroethylene (TCE), up to 13.6 mg/g, was found in dry-cleaned clothes. The amounts varied among dry-cleaning establishments as well as with the type of fiber. The causes of these variations are discussed. Air TCE concentrations in the closed environment of dry-cleaning outlets were elevated: the highest reading was 4.8 mg/m3. The expired air of outlet employees also showed an increased level of TCE (average, 36.9 micrograms/m3). Increased air contamination from TCE released from dry-cleaned clothes was also observed in the home of a consumer. To reduce environmental contamination from TCE released from any of these sources, the amount of residual TCE in dry-cleaned clothes should be minimized.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Tokushima (Japan)
OSTI Identifier:
6158580
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Environ. Res.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 48:2
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; CHLORINATED ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS; ECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; CLOTHING; CONTAMINATION; ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE; HEALTH HAZARDS; INDOOR AIR POLLUTION; INHALATION; MAN; TEXTILES; AIR POLLUTION; ANIMALS; HALOGENATED ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS; HAZARDS; INTAKE; MAMMALS; ORGANIC CHLORINE COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC HALOGEN COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION; PRIMATES; VERTEBRATES; 500200* - Environment, Atmospheric- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (-1989); 560300 - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology

Citation Formats

Kawauchi, T., and Nishiyama, K. Residual tetrachloroethylene in dry-cleaned clothes. United States: N. p., 1989. Web. doi:10.1016/S0013-9351(89)80042-8.
Kawauchi, T., & Nishiyama, K. Residual tetrachloroethylene in dry-cleaned clothes. United States. doi:10.1016/S0013-9351(89)80042-8.
Kawauchi, T., and Nishiyama, K. Sat . "Residual tetrachloroethylene in dry-cleaned clothes". United States. doi:10.1016/S0013-9351(89)80042-8.
@article{osti_6158580,
title = {Residual tetrachloroethylene in dry-cleaned clothes},
author = {Kawauchi, T. and Nishiyama, K.},
abstractNote = {A large amount of residual tetrachloroethylene (TCE), up to 13.6 mg/g, was found in dry-cleaned clothes. The amounts varied among dry-cleaning establishments as well as with the type of fiber. The causes of these variations are discussed. Air TCE concentrations in the closed environment of dry-cleaning outlets were elevated: the highest reading was 4.8 mg/m3. The expired air of outlet employees also showed an increased level of TCE (average, 36.9 micrograms/m3). Increased air contamination from TCE released from dry-cleaned clothes was also observed in the home of a consumer. To reduce environmental contamination from TCE released from any of these sources, the amount of residual TCE in dry-cleaned clothes should be minimized.},
doi = {10.1016/S0013-9351(89)80042-8},
journal = {Environ. Res.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 48:2,
place = {United States},
year = {1989},
month = {4}
}