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Title: Potential institutional conflicts in the implementation of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act and their impacts on the Department of Energy: a case study

Abstract

Impacts of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) of 1976 on two coal-fired generating plants and their operations were studied by reviewing relevant characteristics of the plants, their host communities, and their host states. The two plants, which are privately owned but whose power is committed to the DOE's Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant, are Clifty Creek Power Plant in Indiana and Kyger Creek Power Plant in Ohio. Assuming that ponding is an acceptable means of ash disposal, Clifty Creek should not be greatly impacted by RCRA unless local interests are concerned with the designation of the facility as a hazardous waste disposal site if ash is designated as hazardous by EPA. Kyger Creek may be impacted more due to marginally insufficient ponding capacity and an uncertain air pollution abatement future in Ohio (whether scrubbers will be required). The host communities are not likely to impose more stringent regulations and standards than EPA. Both of the host states are implementing RCRA but have insufficient resources to comply with mandated deadlines. It is quite likely that designation of hazardous waste facilities, generally, will invoke serious debate and possible opposition in host communities. Direct-combustion power plants, as a class, may be adverselymore » affected by RCRA. Information flow to all coal users and waste generators must be assured to lessenthe costs of compliance with RCRA. Smaller facilities and entities are likely to be more adversely impacted by RCRA than large installations and industries.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6141053
Report Number(s):
ORNL/OEPA-9
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-26
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; ELECTRIC UTILITIES; FOSSIL-FUEL POWER PLANTS; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; RESOURCE CONSERVATION; INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS; LEGISLATION; RESOURCE RECOVERY ACTS; AIR POLLUTION ABATEMENT; COAL; COMMUNITIES; COMPLIANCE; ECONOMIC IMPACT; ENFORCEMENT; GOVERNMENT POLICIES; IMPLEMENTATION; INDIANA; LOCAL GOVERNMENT; OHIO; SCRUBBERS; SOCIAL IMPACT; STATE GOVERNMENT; US DOE; US EPA; WASTE DISPOSAL; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; ENERGY SOURCES; EQUIPMENT; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; GREAT LAKES REGION; LAWS; MANAGEMENT; NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS; NORTH AMERICA; POLLUTION ABATEMENT; POLLUTION CONTROL EQUIPMENT; POWER PLANTS; PUBLIC UTILITIES; THERMAL POWER PLANTS; US ORGANIZATIONS; USA; WASTE MANAGEMENT; 296001* - Energy Planning & Policy- Electric Power Generation- (-1989); 293000 - Energy Planning & Policy- Policy, Legislation, & Regulation; 294001 - Energy Planning & Policy- Coal; 290300 - Energy Planning & Policy- Environment, Health, & Safety; 200200 - Fossil-Fueled Power Plants- Waste Management; 530200 - Environmental-Social Aspects of Energy Technologies- Assessment of Energy Technologies- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Carnes, S., Tevepaugh, C., Young, G., and DeVault, R.C. Potential institutional conflicts in the implementation of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act and their impacts on the Department of Energy: a case study. United States: N. p., 1979. Web.
Carnes, S., Tevepaugh, C., Young, G., & DeVault, R.C. Potential institutional conflicts in the implementation of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act and their impacts on the Department of Energy: a case study. United States.
Carnes, S., Tevepaugh, C., Young, G., and DeVault, R.C. Thu . "Potential institutional conflicts in the implementation of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act and their impacts on the Department of Energy: a case study". United States.
@article{osti_6141053,
title = {Potential institutional conflicts in the implementation of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act and their impacts on the Department of Energy: a case study},
author = {Carnes, S. and Tevepaugh, C. and Young, G. and DeVault, R.C.},
abstractNote = {Impacts of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) of 1976 on two coal-fired generating plants and their operations were studied by reviewing relevant characteristics of the plants, their host communities, and their host states. The two plants, which are privately owned but whose power is committed to the DOE's Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant, are Clifty Creek Power Plant in Indiana and Kyger Creek Power Plant in Ohio. Assuming that ponding is an acceptable means of ash disposal, Clifty Creek should not be greatly impacted by RCRA unless local interests are concerned with the designation of the facility as a hazardous waste disposal site if ash is designated as hazardous by EPA. Kyger Creek may be impacted more due to marginally insufficient ponding capacity and an uncertain air pollution abatement future in Ohio (whether scrubbers will be required). The host communities are not likely to impose more stringent regulations and standards than EPA. Both of the host states are implementing RCRA but have insufficient resources to comply with mandated deadlines. It is quite likely that designation of hazardous waste facilities, generally, will invoke serious debate and possible opposition in host communities. Direct-combustion power plants, as a class, may be adversely affected by RCRA. Information flow to all coal users and waste generators must be assured to lessenthe costs of compliance with RCRA. Smaller facilities and entities are likely to be more adversely impacted by RCRA than large installations and industries.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1979},
month = {2}
}

Technical Report:
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