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Title: Spatial and temporal distribution of risks associated with low-level radioactive waste disposal

Abstract

The major purposes of this dissertation are to examine the economic tradeoffs which arise in the process of LLW disposal and to derive a framework within which the impact of these tradeoffs on LLW disposal policy can be analyzed. There are two distinct stages in the disposal of LLW - the transportation of the waste from sources to disposal sites and the disposal of the waste. The levels of costs and risks associated with these two stages depend on the number and location of disposal sites. Having more disposal sites results in lower transportation costs and risks but also in greater disposal costs and risks. The tradeoff between transportation costs and risks can also be viewed as a tradeoff between present and future risks. Therefore, an alteration in the spatial distribution of LLW disposal sites necessarily implies a change in the temporal distribution of risks. These tradeoffs are examined in this work through the use of a transportation model to which probabilistic radiation exposure constraints are added. Future (disposal) risks are discounted. The number and capacities of LLW disposal sites are varied in order to derive a series of system costs and corresponding expected cancers. This provides policy makers withmore » a cost vs. cancers possibility function.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Arizona Univ., Tucson (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6120832
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6120832
Resource Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Thesis (Ph. D.)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; LOW-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS; ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE; PROBABILISTIC ESTIMATION; RISK ASSESSMENT; TRANSPORT; INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS; MANAGEMENT; MATERIALS; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; WASTE DISPOSAL; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTES 052002* -- Nuclear Fuels-- Waste Disposal & Storage; 290600 -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Nuclear Energy; 290300 -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Environment, Health, & Safety

Citation Formats

Thompson, P.B. Spatial and temporal distribution of risks associated with low-level radioactive waste disposal. United States: N. p., 1988. Web.
Thompson, P.B. Spatial and temporal distribution of risks associated with low-level radioactive waste disposal. United States.
Thompson, P.B. Fri . "Spatial and temporal distribution of risks associated with low-level radioactive waste disposal". United States.
@article{osti_6120832,
title = {Spatial and temporal distribution of risks associated with low-level radioactive waste disposal},
author = {Thompson, P.B.},
abstractNote = {The major purposes of this dissertation are to examine the economic tradeoffs which arise in the process of LLW disposal and to derive a framework within which the impact of these tradeoffs on LLW disposal policy can be analyzed. There are two distinct stages in the disposal of LLW - the transportation of the waste from sources to disposal sites and the disposal of the waste. The levels of costs and risks associated with these two stages depend on the number and location of disposal sites. Having more disposal sites results in lower transportation costs and risks but also in greater disposal costs and risks. The tradeoff between transportation costs and risks can also be viewed as a tradeoff between present and future risks. Therefore, an alteration in the spatial distribution of LLW disposal sites necessarily implies a change in the temporal distribution of risks. These tradeoffs are examined in this work through the use of a transportation model to which probabilistic radiation exposure constraints are added. Future (disposal) risks are discounted. The number and capacities of LLW disposal sites are varied in order to derive a series of system costs and corresponding expected cancers. This provides policy makers with a cost vs. cancers possibility function.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1988},
month = {1}
}

Thesis/Dissertation:
Other availability
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