skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: The VISTA spacecraft: Advantages of ICF (Inertial Confinement Fusion) for interplanetary fusion propulsion applications

Abstract

Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) is an attractive engine power source for interplanetary manned spacecraft, especially for near-term missions requiring minimum flight duration, because ICF has inherent high power-to-mass ratios and high specific impulses. We have developed a new vehicle concept called VISTA that uses ICF and is capable of round-trip manned missions to Mars in 100 days using A.D. 2020 technology. We describe VISTA's engine operation, discuss associated plasma issues, and describe the advantages of DT fuel for near-term applications. Although ICF is potentially superior to non-fusion technologies for near-term interplanetary transport, the performance capabilities of VISTA cannot be meaningfully compared with those of magnetic-fusion systems because of the lack of a comparable study of the magnetic-fusion systems. We urge that such a study be conducted.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA); Jet Propulsion Lab., Pasadena, CA (USA); Rockwell International Corp., Canoga Park, CA (USA). Energy Technology Engineering Center; National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Houston, TX (USA). Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center
OSTI Identifier:
6112845
Report Number(s):
UCRL-96676; CONF-871007-2
ON: DE88000417
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 12. symposium on fusion engineering, Monterey, CA, USA, 12 Oct 1987; Other Information: Paper copy only, copy does not permit microfiche production
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; PROPULSION SYSTEMS; ENERGY SOURCES; FEASIBILITY STUDIES; SPACE VEHICLES; DESIGN; DEUTERIUM; EFFICIENCY; INERTIAL CONFINEMENT; LASER FUSION REACTORS; MAGNETIC MIRRORS; PELLET INJECTION; PLASMA; TRITIUM; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-MINUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; CONFINEMENT; HYDROGEN ISOTOPES; ISOTOPES; LIGHT NUCLEI; NUCLEI; ODD-EVEN NUCLEI; ODD-ODD NUCLEI; OPEN PLASMA DEVICES; PLASMA CONFINEMENT; RADIOISOTOPES; STABLE ISOTOPES; THERMONUCLEAR DEVICES; THERMONUCLEAR REACTORS; VEHICLES; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; 700208* - Fusion Power Plant Technology- Inertial Confinement Technology; 320201 - Energy Conservation, Consumption, & Utilization- Transportation- Air & Aerospace

Citation Formats

Orth, C.D., Klein, G., Sercel, J., Hoffman, N., Murray, K., and Chang-Diaz, F.. The VISTA spacecraft: Advantages of ICF (Inertial Confinement Fusion) for interplanetary fusion propulsion applications. United States: N. p., 1987. Web.
Orth, C.D., Klein, G., Sercel, J., Hoffman, N., Murray, K., & Chang-Diaz, F.. The VISTA spacecraft: Advantages of ICF (Inertial Confinement Fusion) for interplanetary fusion propulsion applications. United States.
Orth, C.D., Klein, G., Sercel, J., Hoffman, N., Murray, K., and Chang-Diaz, F.. Fri . "The VISTA spacecraft: Advantages of ICF (Inertial Confinement Fusion) for interplanetary fusion propulsion applications". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6112845.
@article{osti_6112845,
title = {The VISTA spacecraft: Advantages of ICF (Inertial Confinement Fusion) for interplanetary fusion propulsion applications},
author = {Orth, C.D. and Klein, G. and Sercel, J. and Hoffman, N. and Murray, K. and Chang-Diaz, F.},
abstractNote = {Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) is an attractive engine power source for interplanetary manned spacecraft, especially for near-term missions requiring minimum flight duration, because ICF has inherent high power-to-mass ratios and high specific impulses. We have developed a new vehicle concept called VISTA that uses ICF and is capable of round-trip manned missions to Mars in 100 days using A.D. 2020 technology. We describe VISTA's engine operation, discuss associated plasma issues, and describe the advantages of DT fuel for near-term applications. Although ICF is potentially superior to non-fusion technologies for near-term interplanetary transport, the performance capabilities of VISTA cannot be meaningfully compared with those of magnetic-fusion systems because of the lack of a comparable study of the magnetic-fusion systems. We urge that such a study be conducted.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Oct 02 00:00:00 EDT 1987},
month = {Fri Oct 02 00:00:00 EDT 1987}
}

Conference:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

Save / Share: