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Title: Numerical taxonomy of phenanthrene-degrading bacteria isolated from the Chesapeake Bay

Abstract

Phenanthrene-degrading bacteria were isolated from Chesapeake Bay samples by the use of a solid medium which had been overlaid with an ethanol solution of phenanthrene before inoculation. Eighteen representative strains of phenanthrene-degrading bacteria with 21 type and reference bacteria were examined for 123 characteristics representing physiological, biochemical, and nutritional properties. Relationships between strains were computed with several similarity coefficients. The phenogram constructed by unweighted-pair-group arithmetic average linkage and use of the simple Jaccard (S/sub J/) coefficient was used to identify seven phena. Phenanthrene-degrading bacteria were identified as Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio fluvialis by their clustering with type and reference strains. Several phenanthrene-degrading bacteria resembled Enterobacteriaceae family members, although some Vibrio-like phenanthrene degraders could not be identified. 22 references, 1 figure, 2 tables.

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Maryland, College Park
OSTI Identifier:
6098674
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6098674
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Appl. Environ. Microbiol.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 48:5
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; BACTERIA; TAXONOMY; PHENANTHRENE; BIODEGRADATION; BIOCHEMISTRY; CHESAPEAKE BAY; DATA COMPILATION; GENETIC ENGINEERING; NUTRITION; PHYSIOLOGY; WATER POLLUTION; AROMATICS; ATLANTIC OCEAN; BAYS; BIOLOGY; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; CHEMISTRY; CONDENSED AROMATICS; DATA; DECOMPOSITION; HYDROCARBONS; INFORMATION; MICROORGANISMS; NUMERICAL DATA; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION; SEAS; SURFACE WATERS 560302* -- Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology-- Microorganisms-- (-1987); 550700 -- Microbiology

Citation Formats

West, P.A., Okpokwasili, G.C., Brayton, P.R., Grimes, D.J., and Colwell, R.R. Numerical taxonomy of phenanthrene-degrading bacteria isolated from the Chesapeake Bay. United States: N. p., 1984. Web.
West, P.A., Okpokwasili, G.C., Brayton, P.R., Grimes, D.J., & Colwell, R.R. Numerical taxonomy of phenanthrene-degrading bacteria isolated from the Chesapeake Bay. United States.
West, P.A., Okpokwasili, G.C., Brayton, P.R., Grimes, D.J., and Colwell, R.R. Thu . "Numerical taxonomy of phenanthrene-degrading bacteria isolated from the Chesapeake Bay". United States.
@article{osti_6098674,
title = {Numerical taxonomy of phenanthrene-degrading bacteria isolated from the Chesapeake Bay},
author = {West, P.A. and Okpokwasili, G.C. and Brayton, P.R. and Grimes, D.J. and Colwell, R.R.},
abstractNote = {Phenanthrene-degrading bacteria were isolated from Chesapeake Bay samples by the use of a solid medium which had been overlaid with an ethanol solution of phenanthrene before inoculation. Eighteen representative strains of phenanthrene-degrading bacteria with 21 type and reference bacteria were examined for 123 characteristics representing physiological, biochemical, and nutritional properties. Relationships between strains were computed with several similarity coefficients. The phenogram constructed by unweighted-pair-group arithmetic average linkage and use of the simple Jaccard (S/sub J/) coefficient was used to identify seven phena. Phenanthrene-degrading bacteria were identified as Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio fluvialis by their clustering with type and reference strains. Several phenanthrene-degrading bacteria resembled Enterobacteriaceae family members, although some Vibrio-like phenanthrene degraders could not be identified. 22 references, 1 figure, 2 tables.},
doi = {},
journal = {Appl. Environ. Microbiol.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 48:5,
place = {United States},
year = {1984},
month = {11}
}