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Title: The production of fuels and chemicals from food processing wastes & cellulosics. Final research report

Abstract

High strength food wastes of about 15-20 billion pounds solids are produced annually by US food producers. Low strength food wastes of 5-10 billion pounds/yr. are produced. Estimates of the various components of these waste streams are shown in Table 1. Waste paper/lignocellulosic crops could produce 2 to 5 billion gallons of ethanol per year or other valuable chemicals. Current oil imports cost the US about $60 billion dollars/yr. in out-going balance of trade costs. Many organic chemicals that are currently derived from petroleum can be produced through fermentation processes. Petroleum based processes have been preferred over biotechnology processes because they were typically cheaper, easier, and more efficient. The technologies developed during the course of this project are designed to allow fermentation based chemicals and fuels to compete favorably with petroleum based chemicals. Our goals in this project have been to: (1) develop continuous fermentation processes as compared to batch operations; (2) combine separation of the product with the fermentation, thus accomplishing the twin goals of achieving a purified product from a fermentation broth and speeding the conversion of substrate to product in the fermentation broth; (3) utilize food or cellulosic waste streams which pose a current cost or disposalmore » problem as compared to high cost grains or sugar substrates; (4) develop low energy recovery methods for fermentation products; and finally (5) demonstrate successful lab scale technologies on a pilot/production scale and try to commercialize the processes. The scale of the wastes force consideration of {open_quotes}bulk commodity{close_quotes} type products if a high fraction of the wastes are to be utilized.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. and others
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Purdue Research Foundation, Lafayette, IN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Washington, DC (United States); Wisconsin State Government, Madison, WI (United States); Indiana State Government, Indianapolis, IN (United States); National Insts. of Health, Bethesda, MD (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
607513
Report Number(s):
DOE/CE/40772-T5
ON: DE98005595; TRN: 98:002100
DOE Contract Number:  
FG02-85CE40772
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 15 Jun 1997
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; BIOTECHNOLOGY; CONVERSION; COST; CROPS; ETHANOL; FOOD; WASTES; CELLULOSE; LIGNIN; BIOCONVERSION; YEASTS; LACTIC ACID

Citation Formats

Dale, M.C., Okos, M., and Burgos, N. The production of fuels and chemicals from food processing wastes & cellulosics. Final research report. United States: N. p., 1997. Web. doi:10.2172/607513.
Dale, M.C., Okos, M., & Burgos, N. The production of fuels and chemicals from food processing wastes & cellulosics. Final research report. United States. doi:10.2172/607513.
Dale, M.C., Okos, M., and Burgos, N. Sun . "The production of fuels and chemicals from food processing wastes & cellulosics. Final research report". United States. doi:10.2172/607513. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/607513.
@article{osti_607513,
title = {The production of fuels and chemicals from food processing wastes & cellulosics. Final research report},
author = {Dale, M.C. and Okos, M. and Burgos, N.},
abstractNote = {High strength food wastes of about 15-20 billion pounds solids are produced annually by US food producers. Low strength food wastes of 5-10 billion pounds/yr. are produced. Estimates of the various components of these waste streams are shown in Table 1. Waste paper/lignocellulosic crops could produce 2 to 5 billion gallons of ethanol per year or other valuable chemicals. Current oil imports cost the US about $60 billion dollars/yr. in out-going balance of trade costs. Many organic chemicals that are currently derived from petroleum can be produced through fermentation processes. Petroleum based processes have been preferred over biotechnology processes because they were typically cheaper, easier, and more efficient. The technologies developed during the course of this project are designed to allow fermentation based chemicals and fuels to compete favorably with petroleum based chemicals. Our goals in this project have been to: (1) develop continuous fermentation processes as compared to batch operations; (2) combine separation of the product with the fermentation, thus accomplishing the twin goals of achieving a purified product from a fermentation broth and speeding the conversion of substrate to product in the fermentation broth; (3) utilize food or cellulosic waste streams which pose a current cost or disposal problem as compared to high cost grains or sugar substrates; (4) develop low energy recovery methods for fermentation products; and finally (5) demonstrate successful lab scale technologies on a pilot/production scale and try to commercialize the processes. The scale of the wastes force consideration of {open_quotes}bulk commodity{close_quotes} type products if a high fraction of the wastes are to be utilized.},
doi = {10.2172/607513},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jun 15 00:00:00 EDT 1997},
month = {Sun Jun 15 00:00:00 EDT 1997}
}

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